Are people who die by intentional medication poisoning dispensed those medications in the year prior to death?

Objective: The rate of suicidal poisoning in the United States has increased substantially over the past 20 years. Understanding whether prescription medications used for self-poisoning were recently dispensed would help inform suicide prevention efforts. Alternatively, medications for self-poisoning could have been formerly dispensed or collected from friends, family, or illicit sources. Methods: Among those who died by […]

Prescription drugs with potential for misuse: Protocol for a multi-indicator analysis of supply, detection and the associated health burden in Ireland between 2010 and 2020

Introduction There is an increasing concern about the misuse of prescription drugs. Misuse refers to the intentional repurposing of prescribed drugs and/or the use of illicitly sourced prescription drugs, which may be counterfeit or contaminated. Drugs with the greatest potential for misuse are prescription opioids, gabapentinoids, benzodiazepines, Z-drugs and stimulants. Objective The aim of this study […]

Evaluation of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder medications, externalizing symptoms, and suicidality in children

Importance  Childhood suicidality (ie, suicidal ideation or attempts) rates are increasing, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and externalizing symptoms are common risk factors associated with suicidality. More data are needed to describe associations of ADHD pharmacotherapy with childhood suicidality. Objective  To investigate the associations of ADHD pharmacotherapy with externalizing symptoms and childhood suicidality. Design, Setting, and Participants  In this […]

Prescription medication use among Canadian children and youth, 2021 to 2017

Background Prescription medications are used throughout the life course, including among children and youth. Prescribing practices may be influenced by emerging medical conditions, the availability of new medications, changing clinical practices, and evolving knowledge of the safety and effectiveness of medications. The Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS) provides national-level information to help monitor the use […]

Current prescription opioid misuse and suicide risk behaviors among high school students

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In previous studies, researchers have reported that youth with a lifetime history of prescription opioid misuse (POM) are at an increased risk for suicidal ideation, planning, and attempts. In this study, we investigate whether the association between youth POM and suicide outcomes differs by recency of POM (ie, none, past, or current misuse). […]

Cross-sectional research into people passing away through self-ingesting self-collected lethal medication after receiving demedicalized assistance in suicide

This study describes the characteristics of—and the counseling received by—counselees who passed away through self-ingesting self-collected lethal medication after receiving demedicalised assistance in suicide. We analyzed registration forms filled in by counselors working with Foundation De Einder about 273 counselees who passed away from 2011 to 2015. The majority of these counselees had a serious […]

Association between parental medical claims for opioid prescriptions and risk of suicide attempt by their children

Importance  The rate of youth suicide has increased over the past 15 years in the United States as has the rate of death due to opioid overdose in adults of parental age. Objective  To explore the possible connection between parental use of prescription opioids and the increasing rate of youth suicide. Design, Setting, and Participants  […]

Community pharmacists’ experiences and people at risk of suicide in Canada and Australia: A thematic analysis

PURPOSE: To explore Canadian and Australian community pharmacists’ practice experiences in caring for people at risk of suicide. METHODS: We conducted a thematic analysis of 176 responses to an open-ended extension question in an online survey. RESULTS: Four themes were identified and include referrals and triage, accessibility for confiding, emotional toll, and stigma. Subthemes included […]

Use of prescription medication by individuals who died by suicide in Northern Ireland.

To understand medication use prior to suicide in relation to patterns, polypharmacy, and adherence. A total of 1,371 suicide cases were coded and latent class analysis used to identify combinations of medications prescribed prior to death. Two thirds had been prescribed medication with 30.7% prescribed 3 or more. Latent class analysis revealed three classes: Mixed […]

Suicidal ideation and suicidal self-directed violence following clinician-initiated prescription opioid discontinuation among long-term opioid users.

Objective Little is known about patient outcomes following discontinuation of opioid therapy, which may include suicidal ideation (SI) and suicidal self-directed violence (SSV). The purpose of this study was to examine correlates of SI and non-fatal SSV in a sample of patients discontinued from long-term opioid therapy (LTOT). Method Five hundred-nine Veterans Health Administration (VHA) patients whose clinicians discontinued […]

Frequency of prescription opioid misuse and suicidal ideation, planning, and attempts.

The goal of this study was to examine the relationship between past-year frequency of prescription opioid misuse and past-year suicidal ideation, suicide planning, and suicide attempts. Secondary data analyses were conducted using data from 41,053 participants of the 2014 National Survey of Drug Use and Health. Past-year frequency of prescription opioid misuse was grouped into […]

Drug prescribing in child and adolescent eating disorder services.

Background:  Psychotropic drugs are not recommended for child and adolescent eating disorders, though they are used empirically for symptomatic treatment and co-morbid conditions. Little is known about rates of prescribing or the beneficial and adverse effects. Objective:  To ascertain rates and outcomes of psychotropic drug prescribing in child and adolescent eating disorder services. Method:  Retrospective […]

Critical review on suicide among nurses: What about work-related factors?

See also copy of journal in CSP library.

Boy on ice: The life and death of Derek Boogaard.

New York Times reporter BranchÕs chronicle of Derek BoogaardÕs winning but ultimately tragic life as hockeyÕs greatest enforcer is as tense and exciting as a hockey gameÉ Branch captures the sorrow and anguish of a young athleteÕs career collapsing due to the combination of drugs and chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE)øa kind of dementia that causes […]

Exposure to prescription drugs labeled for risk of adverse effects of suicidal behavior or ideation among 100 Air Force Personnel who died by suicide, 2006-2009.

Prescription drugs for many indications are labeled with warnings for potential risk of suicidal ideation or behavior. Exposures to prescription drugs labeled for adverse effects of suicidal behavior or ideation among 100 Air Force personnel who died by suicide between 2006 and 2009 are described. Air Force registry data were linked to administrative prescription data. […]

Prevalence and key covariates of non-medical prescription opioid use among the general secondary student and adult populations in Ontario, Canada.