A review of literature on suicide and suicidal behavior in medical students

Many psychiatric disorders have been found to have a surprisingly high prevalence among medical students and residents around the world. This research could shed light on why there is a greater suicide rate among medical students. Our goal is to collect information on suicide rates among medical students all around the world and publish it […]

Suicidal ideation among medical students in Dammam, Saudi Arabia: A cross-sectional study

Background: Medical students are at high risk of suicidal ideation. Aim: We aimed to obtain information on suicidal ideation among medical students in Dammam located in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. Method: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the College of Medicine affiliated with Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. Suicidal ideation in […]

The role of personal factors and learning environment in suicidal ideation among Tunisian medical students

Objective: Little is known about specific professional factors influencing medical students’ suicidal ideation and behavior. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence and correlates of suicidal ideation in Tunisian medical students. Method: This was a cross-sectional study; 390 second-cycle medical students were enrolled at the Faculty of Medicine of Tunis. Participants responded to an anonymous questionnaire containing sociodemographic data, […]

Training for Awareness, Resilience and Action (TARA) for medical students: A single-arm mixed methods feasibility study to evaluate TARA as an indicated intervention to prevent mental disorders and stress-related symptoms

Background Medical students have a higher risk for depression, anxiety, stress-related symptoms, burnout, and suicide, and more rarely seek professional help or treatment than the general population. Appeals are being made to address the mental health and resilience of physicians-to-be. The novel program Training for Awareness, Resilience, and Action (TARA) was originally developed to treat […]

Prediction of suicidal ideation risk in a prospective cohort study of medical interns

The purpose of this study was to identify individual and residency program factors associated with increased suicide risk, as measured by suicidal ideation. We utilized a prospective, longitudinal cohort study design to assess the prevalence and predictors of suicidal ideation in 6,691 (2012–2014 cohorts, training data set) and 4,904 (2015 cohort, test data set) first-year […]

Wellbeing and mental health amongst medical students in Canada

Across the world there is significant evidence that medical students have high levels of mental ill-health and psychological distress with subsequent concerning effects on personal and occupational functioning. In Canada, recent studies have demonstrated worrying levels of burnout and depressive symptoms among practising doctors. In common with other countries, Canadian medical students are also subject […]

Overcoming stigma: A novel curriculum for teaching medical students about suicide

Suicide is prevalent among medical students, residents, and practicing physicians. Medical students have suicide rates up to three times higher than the general population, and elevated rates of depression and suicide among physicians have also been widely documented. Medical students perceive suicide as more stigmatizing than other mental and physical health conditions, partially reinforced by […]

You’re not alone: Sharing of anonymous narratives to destigmatize mental illness in medical students and faculty

Medical students have a higher incidence of mental health problems than the general population (1). This trend is similar among physicians and residents (2, 3). Barriers to treatment-seeking include stigma-related concerns, including peer judgment (4). Despite increasing efforts to destigmatize mental illness, negative attitudes towards mental health and help-seeking remain. One study found that students who […]

The Hippocratic risk: Epidemiology of suicide in a sample of medical undergraduates

In spite of the growing awareness on medical students’ mental health in recent years, epidemiologic literature about the topic is scarce, particularly for what concerns suicide. Here, we collected cases of suicides among medical students enrolled at a local University in Italy and compared it to the general population of the same age group. Our […]

A narrative review of suicide and suicidal behavior in medical students

Studies across different countries have consistently demonstrated high rates of several psychiatric disorders among medical students. These findings, in turn, may be correlated with the higher than expected rate of suicide in student doctors. We aimed to provide a narrative review of the literature concerning suicidality in medical students worldwide. A  narrative review is not […]

Association of ADHD symptoms, depression and suicidal behaviors with anxiety in Chinese medical college students

Background Anxiety is one of the most common psychiatric disorder and imposes a great burden on both the individual and the society. Previous studies indicate a high comorbidity of anxiety disorders and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). However, few studies have examined the comorbidity of anxiety and ADHD among medical college students in mainland China. […]

Who attempts suicide among medical students?

Objective To identify factors associated with a history of suicide attempt in medical students. Methods A Web‐based survey was sent out to a sample of medical students. A multi‐predictor Poisson regression was performed to identify factors associated with a history of suicide attempt. In addition, an elastic net regularization was used to build a risk […]

Competency-based Suicide Prevention Education: Implementation of a pilot course for undergraduate health professions students.

Suicide remains a pressing public health epidemic and a critical challenge for competent health care delivery and prevention program design. The scope of the problem is clear: suicide is consistently among the top ten leading causes of death in the USA, accounting formore than 40,000 known deaths each year [1]. Representing a challenge for quality service […]

Causes of death of residents in ACGME-accredited programs 2000-2014: Implications for the learning environment.

Purpose: To systematically study the number of U.S. resident deaths from all causes, including suicide. Method: The more than 9,900 programs accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) annually report the status of residents. The authors aggregated ACGME data on 381,614 residents in training during years 2000 through 2014. Names of residents […]

Prevalence of depression, depressive symptoms, and suicidal ideation among medical students: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Medical students are at high risk for depression and suicidal ideation. However, the prevalence estimates of these disorders vary between studies. Objective  To estimate the prevalence of depression, depressive symptoms, and suicidal ideation in medical students. Data Sources and Study Selection  Systematic search of EMBASE, ERIC, MEDLINE, psycARTICLES, and psycINFO without language restriction for studies […]

Suicidal ideation among students and physicians at a U.S. medical school: A healer education, assessment and referral (HEAR) program report.

Physicians are among the highest risk groups for suicide, and emerging data suggest this risk begins early in medical training. We describe a screening program at one medical center for identifying and referring physicians and students who may be at risk for suicide, and we explore differences between groups with respect to depressive symptoms, suicidal […]

After a suicide: A toolkit for physician residency/fellowship programs.

In the event of a suicide within a physician residency or fellowship program, it is critical to have a plan of action already in place. This toolkit gives you a foundation for doing so. First and foremost, we encourage you to assemble a Crisis Response Team (pg. 5), and have provided a Suggested Communication Plan […]

Depressive symptoms in medical students and residents: A multischool study.

Background: This multisite, anonymous study assessed depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation in medical trainees (medical students and residents). Method: In 2003Ð2004, the authors surveyed medical trainees at six sites. Surveys included content from the Center for Epidemiologic StudiesÐDepression scale (CES-D) and the Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders (PRIME-MD) (measures for depression), as well as […]