Meaning in life moderates relations between personality and temperament and nonsuicidal self-injury in hospitalized adolescents

Previous research indicates that sensation seeking, emotion dysregulation, and impulsivity are predictive of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). A body of research supports that meaning in life predicts improved mental health and well-being, including fewer suicidal thoughts and attempts, yet no research has examined the moderating effects of meaning in life on the relations between personality and […]

Meaning in life as a mediator of the associations among depression, hopelessness and suicidal ideation: A path analysis

Introduction Meaning in life can be good protective factor against depression, hopelessness and suicidal ideation. Aim To analyse the mediating effect of meaning in life on the associations among hopelessness, depression and suicidal ideation. Method A cross‐sectional study was conducted among 90 patients diagnosed with depression. A structural equation modelling approach was applied for this […]

Meanings of loss among Japanese suicide bereaved: Content analysis of open-ended responses

Although the importance of meaning‐making among suicide bereaved has been reported, the detailed contents of the process remain unclear. This study aimed to identify the content categories of sense‐making and benefit‐finding in Japanese suicide loss survivors. We conducted content analysis of responses to open‐ended questions in 99 participants. The results indicated that sense‐making activities comprised […]

Meaning-centered men’s groups: Initial findings of an intervention to enhance resiliency and reduce suicide risk in men facing retirement

Objectives: To assess the preliminary effectiveness of Meaning-Centered Men’s Groups (MCMG), a 12-session existentially-oriented, community-based, psychological group intervention designed to enhance psychological resiliency and prevent the onset or exacerbation of suicide ideation among men who are concerned about or struggling with the transition to retirement. Methods: We recruited 30 men (n= 10 per group), 55 […]

What does it mean to be exposed to suicide? Suicide exposure, suicide risk, and the importance of meaning-making

Current research indicates that exposure to suicide is a risk factor for suicidality; however, we know little about the mechanisms through which exposure confers this risk. In this study, we address this gap by examining the role of meaning-making after a suicide death in moderating individual’s vulnerability to suicide. We draw on interview data with […]

Childhood sexual abuse and suicidal ideation among bipolar patients: Existential but not religious well-being as a protective factor

Individuals diagnosed with bipolar disorder (BD) are at an increased risk of Suicidal ideation, attempts, and death. Moreover, a strong association exists between childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and suicidal ideation among individuals with BD. Yet growing evidence suggests that existential well‐being (EWB) may be a protective factor against suicidality. In this study, adult BD patients […]

Crisis of meaning predicts suicidality in youth independently of depression

Background: At times, the question for meaning comes to nothing and a crisis of meaning ensues. This state is very painful, but difficult to account. Both those who suffer from it and care professionals find themselves at a loss for words. Aims: This study introduces an operationalization of a crisis of meaning. It aims to distinguish the […]

Experimentally-enhanced perceptions of meaning confer resilience to the interpersonal adversity implicated in suicide risk

Background and Objectives The interpersonal theory of suicide proposes that perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness (PB-TB) are proximal causes of suicidal desire. Here we test whether experimentally induced perceptions of meaningfulness can confer resilience against interpersonal adversity and enhance persistence, the erosion of which is a potential antecedent to suicide risk. Methods Undergraduate university students (N = 93) […]

Prolonged grief symptomatology following violent loss: The mediating role of meaning

Background: Prolonged Grief Disorder (PGD) is over-represented among those who have lost loved ones to violent causes. To tailor PGD interventions for this vulnerable population it is critical to examine the aetiology of PGD specifically in the context of violent death bereavement. Previous studies have suggested that violent loss increases symptoms of PGD by hindering the […]

The meaning of death.

‘The meaning of death’ is a collection of essays on various aspects of death from various perspectives by acclaimed contributors including psychologists, psychiatrists, philosophers, anthropologists, health practioners, artists and sociologists. This book serves the purpose of a worthwhile introductory text for a beginner, since it covers most ground & equips the reader with tools to […]

Spiritual beliefs and meaning-making within the context of suicide bereavement.

This qualitative study explored the salience of spirituality in the lives of suicidally-bereaved individuals. Eleven bereaved individuals and four mental health workers were interviewed in depth on their subjective experience of suicide bereavement and on their experience of working with suicide bereavement, respectively. The suicide of a loved one had a significant impact on their […]

Purpose in life and well-being: The relationship between purpose in life, hope, coping, and inward sensitivity among first-year university students.

The present study investigated the relationship between purpose in life, hope, coping, and spiritual sensitivity among a sample of 166 first year psychology students. Family support and hopefulness predicted strong purpose in life. Inward sensitivity, together with agency thinking as part of hopefulness, notably increased the predictive variance of strong purpose in life. Positive correlations […]

Gratitude and grit indirectly reduce risk of suicidal ideations by enhancing meaning in life: Evidence for a mediated moderation model.

Suicide is a problem of widespread concern and research into protective factors is needed. Meaning in life may be protective, but it is not directly modifiable. We examine gratitude and grit as two factors that synergistically buffer suicide through increased meaning in life. We find that grit and gratitude indirectly buffer suicide over time through […]

The myth of Sisyphus and other essays.

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Military veterans’ experiences with suicidal ideation: Implications for intervention and prevention.

Article also published in Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior. (2015). 45(4):399-414.

Sense-making in suicide survivorship: a qualitative study of the effect of grief support group participation.

The death of a family member or close friend to suicide is a devastating life event. While research has suggested that suicide survivors may benefit from participation in support groups, little has been done to identify those elements of the experience of suicide survivorship that are impacted by grief support groups. This phenomenological inquiry of […]

Measuring Hopelessness and Life Orientation in Pakistani Adolescents

This study measured hopelessness & hopefulness in Pakistani adolescents. Translated versions (into Urdu) of the Beck Hopelessness Scale & the Life Orientation Test were administered to 723 adolescents & young adults. For the Urdu Beck Hopelessness Scale, all item-total correlation coefficients were significant & yielded a single component. The principal component analysis on the Urdu […]

Happiness, Unhappiness, and Suicide: an Empirical Assessment Working Paper 2008-19

In a recent paper, Daly, Wilson, & Johnson (2007) proposed using data on suicide as a revealed preferences (outcome-based) measure of well-being & found strong evidence that reference-group income negatively affected suicide risk. In this paper, the authors compare & contrast the empirical patterns of subjective well-being & suicide data. It was found the two […]

Relational Hopes: a Study of the Lived Experience of Hope in Some Patients Hospitalized for Intentional Self-Harm

The aim of this study was to interpret the lived experience of hope in some patients hospitalized for intentional self-harm. 12 persons that had engaged in suicidal behaviour by overdosing on medications were interviewed shortly after hospitalization & asked to narrate about their hopes. Transcripts were analyzed using a phenomenological hermeneutic method inspired by Ricouer’s […]

Predictors of Suicidal Ideation for Adolescents by Gender

This study examines differences in suicide ideation & psychological variables by gender, compared the contribution of demographic-behavioural variables & psychosocial variables in explaining the variance in suicide ideation, & identified the most important predictors of suicide ideation by gender in a sample of 501 Korean adolescents. Suicide ideation differed by gender as did depression & […]

Purpose in Life, Satisfaction With Life, and Suicide Ideation in a Clinical Sample

This study examined the role of purpose in life & satisfaction with life in protecting against suicide in a clinical sample of 49 psychiatric patients. Zero-order correlations indicated significant associations between suicide ideation & the various predictors in the hypothesized directions. Regression analyses illustrated that purpose in life & satisfaction with life accounted for significant […]

Social Support and Suicidal Ideation in Older Adults Using Home Healthcare Services

This study examined associations between objective & subjective social support & suicide ideation in older adults receiving home healthcare services. 522 older adults, 65 years & older, were assessed. In bivariate analysis, neither objectively determined size of social network nor instrumental support was associated with suicide ideation. Lower social interaction patterns & lower perceived social […]

Suicide Rates, Life Satisfaction and Happiness as Markers for Population Mental Health

This study examined the association of variables from survey data on well-being with suicide rates & other markers of population mental health in Europe. An ecological study correlated life satisfaction & happiness in 32 countries with suicide rates, rates of hospital discharge for mental & behavioural disorders, & prevalence of mental disorders based on registered […]