Examining the social origins and young adult life trajectories of high traditional masculinity (HTM) males: A group at elevated suicide risk

Objective We investigated whether male high school students displaying high traditional masculinity (HTM), defined briefly as overacting male roles, possessed distinctive social origins and adult lifestyle trajectories differentiating them from others. Method Based upon four survey waves of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health cross-linked to the National Death Index, we contrasted […]

Masculinity’s association with the interpersonal theory of suicide among military personnel

Objective Given that the majority of those who die by suicide are male, masculine traits have been examined as a potential link to the development of capability for suicide. However, research has not examined if such traits influence suicidal desire (i.e., thwarted belongingness, perceived burdensomeness). This study examined the influence of stereotypically masculine traits of […]

Men, suicide, and family and interpersonal violence: A mixed methods exploratory study

Research has shown a link between gender, violence, and suicide. This relationship is complex, and few empirical studies have explored suicide and family and interpersonal violence perpetrated by men. Drawing on a coronial dataset of suicide cases and a mixed  methods design, this study integrated a quantitative analysis of 155 suicide cases with a qualitative […]

How to save a life: Vital clues from men who have attempted suicide

Male suicide rates are high and rising, and important insights can be gleaned from understanding the experiences of men who have attempted suicide. Drawing from a grounded theory photovoice study of diverse Canadian men, three intertwined thematic processes were derived: (a) preceding death struggles, (b) life-ending attempts and saving graces, and (c) managing to stay […]

An empirical test of a mediation model of the impact of the traditional male gender role on suicidal behavior in men

Background: Men die by suicide three to four times more often than women in Western countries. The adverse impact of the traditional male gender role as well as men’s reluctance to seek help are possible explanations of this gender gap, but these hypotheses have not been well documented empirically. Methods: This study compares two groups of men […]

“A country boy can survive:” Rural culture and male-targeted suicide prevention messaging

The low rate of help-seeking and high rate of suicide completion among men has prompted public health officials to create suicide prevention campaigns that specifically target men. Drawing from data collected as part of a larger study of fire recovery in a rural county in Northern California, this paper utilizes 68 interviews with fire survivors […]

Masculinities and suicide: Unsettling ‘talk’ as a response to suicide in men

An increasingly common way that high rates of male suicide are understood is via men’s ostensibly poorer abilities to talk about – and more generally seek help for – problems in general, and emotional problems specifically. This has led to the development of public mental health campaigns which urge men to ‘speak up’ more often […]

Mental health professionals view about the impact of male gender for the treatment of men with depression: A qualitative study

Background The underestimation of depression among men may result from atypical depression symptoms and male help-seeking behaviour. However, higher suicide rates among men than among women indicate a need for gender-specific services for men with depression. In order to develop gender-specific services, it is essential to examine professionals’ attitudes towards men’s depressive symptoms and treatment […]

Men’s mental health: Social determinants and implications for services.

Numerous scholars have stated that there is a silent crisis in men’s mental health. In this article, we aim to provide an overview of core issues in the field of men’s mental health, including a discussion of key social determinants as well as implications for mental health services. Firstly, we review the basic epidemiology of […]

Masculindians: Conversations about Indigenous manhood

What does it mean to be an Indigenous man today? Between October 2010 and May 2013, Sam McKegney conducted interviews with leading Indigenous artists, critics, activists, and elders on the subject of Indigenous manhood. In offices, kitchens, and coffee shops, and once in a car driving down the 401, McKegney and his participants tackled crucial […]

Men, suicide and Covid-19: Critical masculinity analyses and interventions

Suicide is a global public health burden, causing around 800,000 deaths annually along with many more attempts (World Health Organization 2019). Since Émile Durkheim’s classic study Le Suicide (Durkheim 1951), it has been repeatedly confirmed that suicide rates spike up during and after crises (Chang, Stuckler, Yip, and Gunnell2013;Iemmietal.2016;Gunnelletal.2020).Recent research reports indicate that various socioeconomic, […]

Men, suicide, and COVID-19: Critical masculinity analyses and interventions.

Suicide is a global public health burden, causing around 800,000 deaths annually along with many more attempts (World Health Organization 2019). Since Émile Durkheim’s classic study Le Suicide (Durkheim 1951), it has been repeatedly confirmed that suicide rates spike up during and after crises (Chang, Stuckler, Yip, and Gunnell 2013; Iemmi et al. 2016; Gunnell […]

Association of high traditional masculinity and risk of suicide death: Secondary analysis of the Add Health study

This cohort study explores the association between high traditional masculinity and suicide death among US men using data from the Add Health study.  In the United States, men die by suicide at 3.5 times the rate of women.1 One driver of this gender disparity may be high traditional masculinity (HTM), a set of norms that includes […]

Influencing the conversation about masculinity and suicide: Evaluation of the Man Up multimedia campaign using twitter data

BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that some dominant aspects of traditional masculinity are contributing to the high suicide rates among Australian men. We developed a three-episode documentary called Man Up, which explores the complex relationship between masculinity and suicide and encourages men to question socially imposed rules about what it means to be a man […]

Using a television documentary to prevent suicide in men and boys

Objectives: We investigated whether a documentary about masculinity and suicidality (Man Up) could raise males’ awareness of societal pressures to conform to masculine norms and influence their likelihood of connecting with their male friends and seeking help. Methods: We conducted a repeat cross-sectional survey, posting versions of the survey online before and after Man Up was screened. […]

The role of masculinity and depressive symptoms in predicting suicidal ideation in homeless men

Men’s suicide rates may be influenced by difficulties recognizing externalizing depressive symptoms in men that adhere to hegemonic masculine gender role norms. The purpose of this study was to investigate the ability of externalizing depressive symptoms, internalizing depressive symptoms, and hegemonic masculinity in predicting the existence and severity of suicidal ideation. Homeless men (n = 94) completed […]

Men on losing a male to suicide: A gender analysis.

Although male suicide has received research attention, the gendered experiences of men bereaved by male suicide are poorly understood. Addressing this knowledge gap, we share findings drawn from a photovoice study of Canadian-based men who had lost a male friend, partner, or family member to suicide. Two categories depicting the men’s overall account of the […]

Young men, masculinities, and suicide.

Young men constitute one of the highest risk groups for suicide in most countries. This gives reason to explore how meanings attached to masculinity can be evoked and handled when a young man takes his life. In-depth interviews with 5 to 8 informants for each of 10 suicides, as well as suicide notes, were analyzed […]

Masculinity and suicidal thinking.

Purpose Males feature prominently in suicide statistics, but relatively little work has been done to date to explore whether endorsement of dominant masculinity norms heightens the risk of or is protective against suicidal thinking. This paper aimed to further knowledge in this area. Methods We used baseline data from 13,884 men (aged 18–55) in the […]

How do we improve men’s mental health via primary care? An evaluation of the Atlas Men’s Well-being Pilot Programme for stressed/distressed men.

Over three-quarters of all suicides are men (England and Wales), this is despite higher levels of anxiety and depression being reported by women. This disparity may in part be explained by atypical presentations of distress in men, and gendered issues around help-seeking. Consequently, the Atlas MenÕs Well-being Programme was designed to engage stressed/distressed men who […]

Traditional masculinity as a risk factor for suicidal ideation: Cross-sectional and prospective evidence from a study of young adults.

Traditional masculinity is hypothesized to be associated with suicidal ideation, and traditional masculinity is predicted to interact with stressors, intensifying suicidal ideation. Cross-sectional and prospective data from a study of 2,431 young adults was analyzed using hierarchical regression main effects and interaction models. Traditional masculinity was associated with suicidal ideation, second only in strength to […]

Suicidal action, emotional expression, and the performance of masculinities.

Male rates of suicide are significantly higher than female rates in Ireland and other Western countries, yet the process and detail of menÕs suicidal action is relatively unknown. This is partly due to prevailing theoretical and methodological approaches. In this area of study, macro-level, quantitative approaches predominate; and theoretical frameworks tend to adopt unitary notions […]

Understanding boys’: Thinking through boys, masculinity and suicide.

In the UK, the media are reporting increasing rates of childhood suicide, while highlighting that increasing numbers of pre-adolescent boys (in relation to girls) are diagnosed as mentally ill. In response, academic, professional and political commentators are explaining this as a consequence of gender. One way of doing this has been to apply adult defined […]