Aims The aims for this study was to prove the impacts of marital events (marriage rate, divorce rate and marriage squeeze), economic development, and social development on the suicide rate among urban and rural Chinese and reveal the differences in these impacts between urban and rural areas and between genders. Methods An explanatory time-series analysis […]
Background: Different types of marital status are associated with different levels of suicidal risk. Aims: To study marital status change and the effect of its recency in relation to suicidal behavior. Methods: Suicide victims (1614) in Slovenia and matched controls (4617) were compared for incidence and recency of marital status change during the last 5 years of their […]
Is it better to intermarry? Immigration background of married couples and suicide risk among native-born and migrant persons in Sweden
Marriage is protective against suicide across most populations, including for persons of different ethnicities and immigrant backgrounds. However, the well-being benefits of marriage are contingent upon marital characteristics—such as conflict and quality—that may vary across spousal dyads with different immigration backgrounds. Leveraging Swedish register data, we compare suicide mortality among married persons on the basis […]
Background In this paper, we examine the ecological factors associated with death rates from suicide in the United States in 1999 and 2017, a period when suicide mortality increased in the United States. We focus on Non-Hispanic Whites, who experienced the largest increase in suicide mortality. We ask whether variation in suicide mortality among commuting […]
Marital status is an index of the phenomenon of social integration within social structures and has long been identified as an important predictor suicide. However, previous meta-analyses have focused only on a particular marital status, or not sufficiently explored moderators. A meta-analysis of observational studies was conducted to explore the relationships between marital status and […]
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The influence of feelings of shame originating from marital breakdown on suicidality is examined. The role of mental health problems as probable mediating factors is also considered. Internalized shame, state (related to separation) shame, and mental health problems were significantly correlated with the score for suicidality during separation in both genders. Tested structural equation model […]
Marital status, life stressor precipitants, and communications of distress and suicide intent in a sample of United States Air Force suicide decedents.
Life stressor precipitants and communications of distress and suicide intent were examined among a sample of United States Air Force (USAF) married versus unmarried suicide decedents. A total of 100 death investigations conducted by the Office of Special Investigations on active duty USAF suicides occurring between 1996 and 2006 were retrospectively reviewed. Married decedents were […]
This paper reports on 159 suicides during 2003-2004 & examined post-mortem in an unidentified district of India. A detailed study was done of age, gender, time of suicide, socioeconomic status, education, & precipitating conditions. Information was also sought from victims’ relatives & suicide notes, where available. Psychosocial factors, like family disputes, played a greater role […]
This study examined the association between posttraumatic stress disorder & suicide in a population-based Danish sample. All suicides between January 1994-December 2006 were included, & controls were selected from a sample of all Danish residents. Using a nested case-control design, the authors examined 9,612 suicides & 199,306 matched controls. 38 suicide cases & 95 controls […]
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Sex-Specific Impact of Socio-Economic Factors on Suicide Risk: a Population-Based Case-Control Study in Denmark
Using Danish population registration data including 15,648 suicides & matched population controls, the authors investigated the association of multiple socioeconomic factors with suicide risk & explored the gender-specific aspects of these associations. Conditional logistic regressional models were used. Socioeconomic status, proxied by low income, unskilled blue-collar work, non-specific wage work, & unemployment increased suicide risk […]
The demographics, precipitating factors, substances & methods used for deliberate self-harm in Oman are described. Data were extracted from the records of patients treated at emergency units in Muscat from 1993-1998. During the 5-year study period, 123 persons presented to hospital with injuries that resulted from deliberate self-harm. Most cases involved women, students, & the […]
An analysis of the rate and characteristics of acute poisoning cases admitted to adult intensive care unit. Study was conducted between 2002 and 2005 and found a particularly high rate of suicide attempts in young single females.
OBJECTIVE: Different myths about schizophrenia endorsed by clinicians maintain the pessimism about outcome thus reducing chances of improvement. There are no recent North American studies on the long-term outcome of first-episode schizophrenia to clarify if these beliefs are myths or reality. Our study describes the long-term outcome (10 to 16 years) of a first-episode schizophrenia […]
A prospective-retrospective study was carried out of suicide among young people in Jaipur, India during 2004-2008. 223 suicides were identified among the 627 autopsies that were performed. Results indicated the interrelation between the availability of highly lethal methods & the rate of suicide. 3 cases involving young adults pursuing their professional qualifications are presented. (9 […]
A questionnaire-guided interview of families of 29 Bahraini suicide cases from 1996-2005 was conducted in their homes by a social worker. Medical & pscyhiatric files were examined to complete the data. More victims were male,young, single or divorced, unemployed, & with a low education level compared with the general population. The majority of victims had […]
The authors retrospectively evaluated 88 patients diagnosed with bipolar I, bipolar II, or unipolar depression. Of these, 44 had made at least one suicide attempt. They were matched for age, gender, & diagnosis with 44 patients who had never attempted suicide. In the univariate contrasts, suicidal patients were more likely to be male, single, ill […]
The authors investigated if the estimated suicide risk for axis I disorders & sociodemographic factors was modified by personality disorders. Psychiatric disorders were evaluated by psychological autopsy in 163 suicide victims & by personal interview in 396 population-based controls. Personality disorders modify suicide risk differently for affective disorders, substance use disorders, smoking, life events during […]
The authors retrospectively evaluated 106 patients diagnosed with major affective disorders. 53 patients with at least one suicide attempt were matched on a group basis with 53 patients who had never attempted suicide. In bivariate comparisons, suicidal patients were more likely to have been treated with antipsychotic & anxiolytic drugs, less likely to be married, […]
A descriptive prospective study of suicide occurring in urban Dar es Salaam was conducted. 53 male & 47 female suicides, ages 15-19 years, were studied. The mean age of victims was 28.2 years. 62% of subjects were single. The main reasons for suicide, established from 61 cases, were severe marital & family conflicts, overwhelming disappointments […]