Poor mental health is associated with loneliness and boredom during Covid-19-related restriction periods in patients with pre-existing depression

Background In 2020–2021, many European countries put in place temporary lockdown measures due to the increase in COVID-19 cases, although such measures have negative psychological effects. As pre-existing mental disorders are a risk factor of negative psychological consequences during pandemics, it is important to identify specific predictors of psychological distress caused by restrictive measures in […]

Parental psychological control, parent-related loneliness, depressive symptoms, and regulatory emotional self-efficacy: A moderated serial mediation model of nonsuicidal self-injury

Objective Adolescent nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) has become an alarming public health concern. Parental psychological control has been identified as a risk factor for NSSI in some western samples. However, the relationship between parental psychological control and NSSI remains unclear among Chinese adolescents. Furthermore, little is known about how parental psychological control affects NSSI. This study […]

Depression symptoms as mediator between adolescents’ sense of loneliness at school and nonsuicidal self-injury behaviors

Background: Previous studies indicated that perception of school experiences (i.e., teachers’ psychological support and perceived peer climate) is associated with nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) behaviors among adolescents. Aims: The purpose of the current study was to explore whether depression symptoms mediate the relationship between sense of loneliness in school and NSSI behaviors among adolescents. Method: The sample included high-school students (N = […]

Emotional and social loneliness as predictors of suicidal ideation in different age groups

Loneliness and suicidal ideation (SI) are relevant issues. This study aimed to examine the prevalence of death ideation (DI) and SI in the general population across four age groups and to determine the extent to which emotional and social loneliness are associated with SI. Data were collected via an online panel in Slovenia in February […]

Loneliness in bereavement: Measurement matters

The role of loneliness in the bereavement experience has been reported as substantial, with the death of a close person leaving a considerable void in the life of the bereaved. Yet, there is lack of agreement about its precise role and, notably, whether loneliness should be included as a core symptom for diagnosis of grief […]

Financial distress and suicidal behaviour during COVID-19: Family identification attenuates the negative relationship between COVID-related financial distress and mental ill-health

COVID-19 provides a ‘perfect storm’ of social and economic suicide risk-factors. Recent research has evidenced an initial impact of the pandemic upon suicide rates, but has yet to understand how elevated financial threat and social isolation may predict suicide ideation/behaviour, or which social factors promote resilience. This study addressed these shortcomings. An online longitudinal survey […]

Strengthening social connections to prevent suicide and adverse childhood experiences (ACEs): Actions and opportunities during the COVID-19 pandemic

Introduction: During this time ofintensified hardship and disruption due to the SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) pandemic, communities, practitioners, and state and local governments have had to rapidly implement and adapt strategies that support mental health and wellbeing during a global pandemic. Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, suicide was the 10th leading cause of death in the United States, […]

Bullying victimization and suicidal ideation among Chinese left-behind children: Mediating effect of loneliness and moderating effect of gender

Bullying victimization has long been a public health issue among left-behind children in China. Although prior studies have confirmed the negative effects of being bullied on suicidal ideation, the mechanism of how being bullied triggers suicidal ideation and whether this varies with gender difference is still unknown. To address this research gap, the mediating effect […]

Effect of layperson-delivered, empathy-focused program of telephone calls on loneliness, depression, and anxiety among adults during the COVID-19 pandemic: A randomized clinical trial

Importance  Loneliness is a risk factor for many clinical conditions, but there are few effective interventions deployable at scale. Objective  To determine whether a layperson-delivered, empathy-focused program of telephone calls could rapidly improve loneliness, depression, and anxiety in at-risk adults. Design, Setting, and Participants  From July 6 to September 24, 2020, we recruited and followed up 240 adults […]

Loneliness around the world: Age, gender, and cultural differences in loneliness

The BBC Loneliness Experiment provided a unique opportunity to examine differences in the experience of lonelines across cultures, age, and gender, and the interaction between these factors. Using those data, we analysed the frequency of loneliness reported by 46,054 participants aged 16–99 years, living across 237 countries, islands, and territories, representing the full range of individualism-collectivism […]

Social disconnection in late life suicide: An NIMH workshop on state of the research in identifying mechanisms, treatment targets, and interventions

Both social disconnection and suicide are significant public health concerns among older adults, and social disconnection is associated with greater risk for suicide-related thoughts and behaviors in late life. We present a synthesis of research discussed during a workshop hosted by the National Institute of Mental Health on social disconnection and late-life suicide. Social disconnection […]

Loneliness in the UK during the COVID-19 pandemic: Cross-sectional results from the COVID-19 Psychological Wellbeing Study

Objectives Loneliness is a significant public health issue. The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in lockdown measures limiting social contact. The UK public are worried about the impact of these measures on mental health outcomes. Understanding the prevalence and predictors of loneliness at this time is a priority issue for research. Method The study employed a […]

The association of loneliness after sudden bereavement with risk of suicide attempt: A nationwide survey of bereaved adults

Purpose We aimed to test the hypothesis that among people who experience sudden bereavement, loneliness is associated with post-bereavement suicide attempt and post-bereavement suicidal ideation, even when adjusting for network size. Methods We analysed cross-sectional data collected in the 2010 UCL Bereavement Study, to identify 3193 respondents who had experienced sudden bereavement. We used multivariable […]

Loneliness, hopelessness and suicide in later life: A case-controlled psychological autopsy study in rural China

Aims: Loneliness is increasingly recognised as a serious public health issue worldwide. However, there is scarce research addressing the association between loneliness and suicide in older adults in rural China. We set out to examine loneliness and other psychosocial factors in elderly suicide cases and explore their interaction effects. Methods: Using a 1 : 1 matched case-control […]

Suicidal thoughts and behaviors and social isolation: A narrative review of the literature

Background Social isolation is one of the main risk factors associated with suicidal outcomes. The aim of this narrative review was to provide an overview on the link between social isolation and suicidal thoughts and behaviors. Methods We used the PubMed database to identify relevant articles published until April 13, 2018. We focused on: (a) […]

Longitudinal relationships between positive affect, loneliness, and suicide ideation: Age-specific factors in a general population

The aims of this study were to analyze whether positive and negative affect, social support, and loneliness are factors longitudinally related to suicide ideation in the general population in different age groups. A total of 2,392 individuals from a nationally representative sample of the Spanish general population were evaluated in 2011-2012 and in 2014-2015. After […]

Adolescent loneliness and social skills: Agreement and discrepancies between self-, meta-, and peer-evaluations.

Lonely adolescents report that they have poor social skills, but it is unknown whether this is due to an accurate perception of a social skills deficit, or a biased negative perception. This is an important distinction, as actual social skills deficits require different treatments than biased negative perceptions. In this study, we compared self-reported social […]

Loneliness under assault: Understanding the impact of sexual assault on the relation between loneliness and suicidal risk in college students.

The present study sought to examine how loneliness and sexual assault are involved in predicting suicidal risk (viz., hopelessness & suicide probability) in a sample of 334 college students. Specifically, we were interested in examining whether sexual assault played an additive as well as interactive role in the prediction of suicidal risk above and beyond […]

Loneliness and suicidal ideation in drug-using college students.

We propose a novel pathway for the development of suicidal thoughts between two established suicide risk factors, loneliness and drug use, which have not been examined in a nonclinical sample. Results indicated a significant indirect (mediated) effect of loneliness on suicidal ideation via drug use (ab = 0.09, 95% CI: 0.02Ð0.18), suggesting that loneliness may […]

Does mode of contact with different types of social relationships predict depression in older adults? Evidence from a nationally representative survey.


Damaged self-esteem is associated with internalizing problems.

Implicit and explicit self-esteem are assumed to be important factors in understanding the onset and maintenance of psychological problems. The current study aims to examine the association between implicit and explicit self-esteem and their interaction with depressive symptoms, suicidal ideation, and loneliness. Specifically, the relationship between the size and the direction of the discrepancy between […]

Social problem solving and suicidal behavior: ethnic differences in the moderating effects of loneliness and life stress.

The objective of this study was to examine the combined moderating effects of life stress and loneliness on the association between social problem solving ability (SPS) and suicidal behaviors. We assessed SPS, suicidal behavior, loneliness, and stressful life events in a sample of 385 ethnically diverse college students. Overall, only loneliness moderated the association between […]

Attachment patterns in medically serious suicide attempts: the mediating role of self-disclosure and loneliness.