Responding to suicide in school communities: An examination of postvention guidance from expert recommendations and empirical studies

Purpose of Review We review the published literature on a school’s response after a student dies by suicide (“postvention”). We examine published recommendations based on expert guidance and empirical studies that have evaluated postvention measures. Recent Findings Experts recommend careful communication with family, staff, and students that adheres to published suicide reporting guidelines. Experts also […]

Disaster and suicide prevention activities: A literature review focused on suicide-related outcomes

BACKGROUND: Numerous epidemiological studies regarding suicide after disasters exist, but there are few comprehensive reviews pertaining to suicide prevention activities after disasters. Therefore, this review aimed to consider the kinds of suicide prevention activities that have been implemented and which may be effective. METHODS: A search was carried out to find articles that mentioned the […]

Suicide in veterinary medicine: A literature review

Veterinarians are commonly exposed to occupational stressors, including excessive workload and financial constraints. These stressors can lead to psychological distress, which typically results in mental health disorders such as depression, anxiety, and burnout and can even culminate in suicide attempts or suicide deaths. Risk factors associated with poor mental health and high rates of suicide […]

Re-thinking spatial design in homes to include means and access restrictions with material impacts as passive suicide prevention methods: A systematic review of design for Australian homes

This systematic review analyses research that introduces commercial design applications that could be adopted for suicide prevention in homes. Furthermore, this literature review captures social, spatial and biophilic design methods to improve wellness in homes using environmental design psychology. Safety and human wellness frame this spatial design research that examines means and access restriction to […]

Suicide prevention e-learning modules designed for gatekeepers: A descriptive review

Background: E-learning modules can be a useful method for educating gatekeepers in suicide prevention and awareness. Aims: To review and provide an overview of e-learning modules on suicide prevention designed for gatekeepers and assess their effectiveness. Method: Two strategies were used. First, articles were systematically searched in databases of PubMed, Web of Science, and PsycINFO. Second, Google search […]

Mental pain and suicide: A systematic review of the literature

Background Mental pain, defined as a subjective experience characterized by perception of strong negative feelings and changes in the self and its function, is no less real than other types of grief. Mental pain has been considered to be a distinct entity from depression. We have performed a systematic review analyzing the relationship between mental […]

Adolescent suicide in the federated states of Micronesia: A literature review

For nearly fifty years, Francis X. Hezel and Donald H. Rubinstein have been publishing essays on the topic of adolescent suicide in the Federated States of Micronesia, particularly among males in Truk/Chuuk. This paper examines the core body of this literature to chronicle the development of a theory on the topic of Micronesian adolescent suicide […]

Suicide risk among immigrants and ethnic minorities: A literature overview

Recent studies have demonstrated that immigrants and ethnic minorities may be at higher risk of suicidal behaviour as compared to the general population. We conducted a literature search to identify studies in English from 1980 to 2017 related to suicide risk among immigrants and ethnic minorities. Six hundred and seventy-eight reports were screened, and 43 […]

Suicide and telehealth treatments: A PRISMA scoping review

Background This PRISMA scoping review explored worldwide research on the delivery of suicide-specific interventions through an exclusive telehealth modality. Research over telehealth modalities with suicidal individuals highlights the importance of facilitating participants’ access to treatments despite location and circumstances (e.g., rural, expenses related to appointments, etc.). Aim The review sought evidence of outcomes of trials […]

Characteristics of suicidal ideation: A systematic review

Background The exploration of inter- and intra-individual variability in suicidal ideation (SI) is vital to suicide research. However, this research relies on the identification and measurement of standardized SI characteristics. Objective This review aimed to identify characteristics of SI examined in research, describe how these characteristics are measured, and assess how they are aligned with […]

A review of literature on suicide and suicidal behavior in medical students

Many psychiatric disorders have been found to have a surprisingly high prevalence among medical students and residents around the world. This research could shed light on why there is a greater suicide rate among medical students. Our goal is to collect information on suicide rates among medical students all around the world and publish it […]

Are clinicians confident in the risk assessment of suicide?: A systematic literature review

Suicide reduction is recognized as a vital focus for mental health clinicians. Clinician confidence to undertake suicide risk assessment, though poorly understood, appears related to job performance, though overconfidence has also been evident in clinical practice. A systematic literature search was undertaken on PSYCinfo and MEDLINE using the terms: suicide risk assessment, confidence, clinician. Of 192 papers […]

Suicide risk in youth and young adults with Type 1 Diabetes: A review of the literature and clinical recommendations for prevention

Purpose of review: The manuscript reviews the extant literature on suicide-related thoughts and behaviors among youth and young adults with pediatric diabetes. This evidence is presented within the context of current theories of the etiology of suicidal behavior to highlight how diabetes may contribute to suicide risk, and to support providers in understanding the interplay between […]

Suicide in the construction industry: Literature review

Urgent needs to tackle the pervasiveness of suicide in the construction industry due to economic and social consequences sparked burst in literature to address the root causes and intervention for suicide. To comprehend the current state of art of suicide in the construction industry, systematic review becomes the viable option. Despite this, there is scanty […]

Leveraging data science to enhance suicide prevention research: A literature review

Objective The purpose of this research is to identify how data science is applied in suicide prevention literature, describe the current landscape of this literature and highlight areas where data science may be useful for future injury prevention research. Design We conducted a literature review of injury prevention and data science in April 2020 and January 2021 […]

Work and suicide: An interdisciplinary systematic literature review

Although organizational scholars have long been interested in employees’ well‐being and occupational health, less work has focused specifically on suicide behaviors among employees. This dearth of research is concerning given that individuals spend a significant portion of their waking hours at work, and suicide deaths among American workers are on the rise. To encourage the […]

Empirically evaluated suicide prevention program approaches for older adults: A review of the literature from 2009-2021

Mental health in later life and suicide risk among older adults are important topics for social work. There is evidence-based research to support the use selective and indicated strategies for suicide prevention, yet, universal prevention approaches are also needed. However, the extent to which the broader contexts of suicide have been examined remains largely absent […]

Risk and protective factors to LGBTQ+ youth suicide: A review of the literature

LGBTQ+ youth experience higher rates of suicidal ideation and behavior than their cisgender, heterosexual peers, and these disparities have created a need for academic exploration of the risk factors and protective factors surrounding LGBTQ+ youth suicide (Taliaferro and Muehlenkamp in Acad Pediatr 17:715–722; Toomey et al. in J Youth Adolesc 48:788–801; Ybarra et al. in: […]

Promoting “zest for life”: A systematic literature review of resiliency factors to prevent youth suicide

Suicide is a leading cause of death among youth globally. In this critical interpretive synthesis, we examined literature on resiliency factors and suicidality. Systematic searches identified 474 articles, 37 of which were included. Results revealed internal (positive self‐appraisal, zest for life, personal traits, and coping skills) and external factors (social support system and inclusive environments) […]

Suicide among LGBTQIA+ youth: A review of the treatment literature

Suicide is a serious public health problem among adolescent and young adults. Indeed, 12.1% of adolescents contemplate suicide, 4.0% make a plan, and 4.1% make an attempt (Nock et al., 2013). LGBTQIA+ youth (i.e., lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, questioning/queer, intersex and/or asexual adolescents and young adults) are particularly vulnerable to suicide (CDC, 2016; Liu & […]

The role of new technologies to prevent suicide in adolescence: A systematic review of the literature

growing number of suicide preventive strategies based on the use of new technologies are emerging. We aimed to provide an overview of the present literature on the use of new technologies in adolescent suicide prevention. Materials and methods: An electronic search was run using the following keywords: Technology OR Technologies OR APP OR Application OR mobile […]

Using telemedicine to reduce suicide ideation and behavior: A systematic literature review

Objective: To review the published research for reported effectiveness of telemedicine in reducing suicide ideation and behavior in patients already diagnosed with a psychiatric disorder. Design: A thorough literature search on the PubMed, Web of Science, PsycInfo, Cochrane Library, and TRIP (Turning Research Into Practice) Medical Database was conducted. Phrases such as “telemedicine,” “telehealth,” “remote […]

Risk factors of suicide and depression among Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander youth: A systematic literature review

Suicide has become an increasing public health challenge, with growing incidence among Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander (AA and NHPI) youth. Using an ecological framework, the purpose of this systematic review was to explicate risk and protective factors for depression or suicide among AA and NHPI youth from available peer reviewed research. The […]