Syndemic relationship of depressive symptoms, substance use, and suicidality in transgender youth: A cross‑sectional study using the U.S. youth risk behavior surveillance system

Purpose Syndemics are co-occurring epidemics that cluster within populations due to shared socio-structural factors and are often in populations with intersecting forms of vulnerability. Suicide, depression, and substance use all disproportionately affect transgender and gender diverse (TGD) youth. In this study, we test a syndemic model of the relationship between these three mental health conditions […]

What’s unique about lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth and young adults suicides? Findings from the National Violent Death Reporting System

Purpose: The purpose of the study was to explore variability in circumstances around suicide deaths among youth and young adults by sexual/gender identity category (gay male, lesbian/gay female, bisexual male, bisexual female, transgender male, transgender female, non-LGBT [lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender] male, and non-LGBT female). Methods: Secondary analysis of National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) data […]

Comparison of lifetime suicide attempts and recent suicidal/self-harming thoughts among sexual minority and heterosexual Utahns: Results from a population-based survey

Objective We sought to be the first published article to report differences in population-representative prevalence of suicidal thoughts and attempts by sexual orientation. Method Data from Utah’s Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) collected for 2016 (N = 10,988) and 2017 (N = 10,251) were examined to determine differences in the prevalence of suicidal thoughts in the past 2 […]

Greater minority stress is associated with lower intentions to disclose suicidal thoughts among LGBTQ+ youth

Objective The current study examined suicide-related disclosure intentions in LGBTQ + youth, and the associations between reporting of lifetime experiences of minority stress and intentions to disclose suicidal thoughts. Method A sample of 592 LGBTQ + youth ages 12–24 (22.3% cisgender men, 33.1% cisgender women, 44.6% gender diverse, 75.3% white) who contacted an LGBTQ-specific crisis service, completed a survey. […]

Suicide and self-harm prevention and intervention in LGBTQIA+ youth: Current research and future directions (IN: Youth Suicide Prevention and Intervention, edited by J.P. Ackerman & L.M. Horowitz)

Youth who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, queer, and questioning their sexual identities (LGBQ+) and/or who are a gender distinct from their birth-assigned sex (i.e., trans gender and gender diverse), collectively LGBTQIA+, show nearly triple the risk for self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs), including nonsuicidal self-injury, suicide ideation, and suicide attempts (Marshal et al., 2011). Unfortunately, […]

Demographic and psychosocial factors associated with recent suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among lesbian, gay, bisexual, pansexual, queer, and asexual (LGBQ) people in Australia: Correlates of suicidality among LGBQ Australians

Introduction To examine demographic and psychosocial correlates of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among a large cross-section of sexual orientation populations in Australia, including lesbian, gay, bisexual, pansexual, queer, and asexual (LGBQ) people. Methods A national survey was conducted involving 5,174 cisgender LGBQ participants aged 18+ years. Multivariable regressions identified factors associated with recent suicidal […]

The mental health and well-being of multiracial LGBTQ youth

This report is the first of its kind to exclusively explore the mental health and well-being of multiracial LGBTQ youth, highlighting the unique mental health experiences among youth of different racial backgrounds. It uses data from a national sample of nearly 4,739 multiracial LGBTQ youth ages 13–24 who participated in The Trevor Project’s 2022 National […]

Being safe, being me 2019: Results of the Canadian trans and non-binary youth health survey

In 2014, Stigma and Resilience Among Vulnerable Youth Centre (SARAVYC) conducted a bilingual survey to learn about the health of transgender youth in Canada. It was the first and largest of its kind in Canada, with 923 young people responding. From this report, recommendations—such as developing safe, more inclusive schools and providing support for families […]

The association between hate crime laws that enumerate sexual orientation and adolescent suicide attempts

Sexual minority youth are at elevated risk for suicide, and previous research supports an association between hate crimes targeting sexual minority youth and suicide attempts. Hate crime laws (HCLs) may reduce  bias-motivated victimization or reflect community support for marginalized groups, although not all states with such laws explicitly name sexual minorities as a protected class. […]

Research brief: Behaviors of supportive parents and caregivers for LGBTQ youth

Parental and caregiver actions can play a pivotal role in the mental health of LGBTQ youth. Across multiple studies, a strong parent/caregiver-child relationship has been found to support good mental health among LGBTQ youth (Bouris et al., 2010). Research from the Family Acceptance Project has found that LGBTQ young adults who report high levels of family acceptance […]

Mental health and substance use during COVID-19 Summary report 6: Spotlight on 2SLGBTQ+ communities in Canada

The sixth report in this series focuses on the effects of COVID 19 on the 2SLGBTQ+ communities in Canada. The report includes a cross-section of findings taken across seven periods between October 2020 and September 2021. The survey results show that COVID-19 has had a disproportionate effect on the substance use health and mental health […]

The health and situation of young LGBTQ people in Sweden: What do we know and where is more research needed?

In this report, Forte – the Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare – seeks to elucidate what we currently know about the lives and health of young LGBTQ people, and show differences and similarities in the experience of young lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans and queer people. The report provides knowledge-based data, recommends […]

A sociological critique of youth strategies and education policies that address LGBTQ youth issues

This paper adopts sociological and “after-queer” lenses in order to problematise anti-bullying approaches that are justified on the basis of the apparent “vulnerability” of LGBTQ youth to a range of negative mental health outcomes, including self-harm and suicidality. Subjecting recent youth strategies, educational policies and instructional resources to critical discourse analysis (Fairclough 2003), it identifies the […]

The mental health and well-being of Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI) LGBTQ youth

This report is one of the first to explore the mental health and well-being of LGBTQ youth who are Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI) and provide findings specific to six major AAPI origin groups. It uses data from a national sample of nearly 3,600 AAPI LGBTQ youth ages 13–24 who participated in The Trevor […]

Mental health of LGBTQ individuals who are Arab or of an Arab descent: A systematic review

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) individuals are at a higher risk of mental illness when compared to their heterosexual and cisgender counterparts. Most research emanates from Western countries, with a paucity of studies in the Arab world. We systematically reviewed studies assessing the mental health of LGBTQ individuals who live in the Arab […]

Suicidal as normal: A lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth script?

Background: Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youth are more likely to report suicidal thoughts and/or behavior (STB) than heterosexual youth. The elevated suicidality of LGB youth is not fully accounted for by sexual-minority stress, according to a meta-analysis. A less-tested explanation is that suicidality has become an expected idiom of LGB youth distress. This explanation is […]

It Get Better videos for suicide prevention in LGBTQ+ adolescents: Content analysis of German-language videos

Background: The It Gets Better project aims to help prevent suicide among lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex, and queer (LGBTIQ+) adolescents. It features personal video narratives portraying how life gets better when struggling with adversities. Research on the contents of messages is scarce. Aims: We aimed to explore the content of videos in the Austrian It Gets Better project regarding the representation […]

2022 national survey on LGBTQ youth mental health

Capturing the experiences of nearly 34,000 LGBTQ youth ages 13-24 across the United States, with 45% of respondents being LGBTQ youth of color and 48% being transgender or nonbinary, our fourth annual national survey is one of the most diverse surveys of LGBTQ youth ever conducted. These data provide critical insights into some of the […]

“Am I really alive?”: Understanding the role of homophobia, biphobia and transphobia in young LGBT+ people’s suicidal distress

Suicide is the fourth leading cause of death amongst young people aged 15–29 globally and amongst this young population, lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans (LGBT+) young people have higher rates of suicidal thoughts and attempts than their cisgender (non-trans), heterosexual peers. However, despite well-established knowledge on the existence of this health inequality, in the UK […]

The mental health and well-being of LGBTQ youth who are intersex

Much of the current research on intersex communities focuses on medical treatment — and lumps all intersex youth in with trans, nonbinary, and other gender variant youth — leaving findings specific to intersex young people, and their mental health, largely unknown. This report uses data from a national sample of over 1,000 intersex youth ages […]

Supportive model for the improvement of mental health and prevention of suicide among LGBTQ+ youth

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and questioning (LGBTQ+) youth experience a myriad of mental health disparities as well as a heightened risk of suicide compared to their non-LGBTQ+ counterparts. They are also more likely to experience a multitude of stressful experiences such as bullying, discrimination, rejection from family, prejudice, and even violence from peers, all […]

Predictors of self-harm and suicide in LGBT youth: The role of gender, socio-economic status, bullying and school experience

Background Lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) young people’s increased risk of self-harm, suicidal attempts and suicide compared with heterosexual youth is well established. The current study sought to examine whether these findings also apply to the trans (T) population and which factors act as additional risk or protective factors. Methods In a national cross-sectional survey, […]

Homelessness and housing instability among LGBTQ youth

LGBTQ youth are overrepresented among young people experiencing homelessness and housing instability in the United States. This elevated risk of homelessness and housing instability has detrimental effects on LGBTQ youths’ mental health. This report uses data from the 2021 National Survey on LGBTQ Youth Mental Health to examine the prevalence of homelessness and various manifestations […]