Temperament and character of high suicide risk group among psychiatric patients

Objective The purpose of this study was to classify patients with suicidal tendencies into suicide attempts (SA), suicidal ideation (SI), and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and to identify differences in temperaments and characters of the groups. It also aimed to identify difference between the groups and non-suicidal tendencies. Methods Using psychiatric diagnostic data of 195 patients, […]

Effects of catastrophic financial loss on suicide risk: Evidence from Korean stock market crash in October 2008

Purpose The negative effect of catastrophic financial loss on suicide risk is widely perceived but hardly studied in-depth  because of various difficulties in designing studies. We empirically investigated the effect utilizing the stock market crash event in October 2008 in South Korea. Methods We extracted stock market investor data from Korea Exchanges, and mortality data […]

Hospital-based case management for suicide high-risk group using delphi survey

countries. To reduce suicide rates Emergency Department Based Post-Suicide Attempt Case Management carried out with government funding in South Korea, but it is insufficient to address the issue. Aim of this study is to prevent suicide attempts through continuous provision of mental health services even after discharge from acute care. Methods: We selected 15 mental health […]

K-pop and suicide: Marginalization and resistance in the Korean pop industry

The suicides of the famous K-Pop idols Goo Hara, Choi Jin-ri,1 also known as Sulli, and Cha In-ha drew enormous media attention worldwide, particularly in South Korea at the end of 2019. According to a report by the WHO (World Health Organization) in 2019, the suicide rate in South Korea was the tenth highest in […]

Effects of catastrophic financial loss on suicide risk: Evidence from Korean stock market crash in October 2008

Purpose: The negative effect of catastrophic financial loss on suicide risk is widely perceived but hardly studied in-depth because of various difficulties in designing studies. We empirically investigated the effect utilizing the stock market crash event in October 2008 in South Korea. Methods: We extracted stock market investor data from Korea Exchanges, and mortality data from Microdata […]

Auditory evoked potentials and suicidal behaviors in patients with major depressive disorders.

Loudness dependence of auditory evoked potentials (LDAEP) has been proposed as a biological marker of central serotonergic activity related to suicides. This study’s objective was to analyze the difference in LDAEP between depressed patients with suicide attempts (SA) and suicidal ideation (SI). It included 130 participants (45 depressed patients with SA, 49 depressed patients with […]

Contents of the Standardized Suicide Prevention Program for Gatekeeper Intervention in Korea, Version 2.0

Objective: Suicide is a huge nationwide problem that incurs a lot of socio-economic costs. Suicide also inflicts severe distress on the people left behind. The government of the Republic of Korea has been making many policy efforts to reduce suicide rate. The gatekeeper program, ‘Suicide CARE’, is one of the meaningful modalities for preventing suicide. Methods: Multidisciplinary […]

Youth suicide in Korea across the educational stages: A postmortem comparison of psychosocial characteristics of elementary, middle, and high school students

Background: Youth suicides have diverse characteristics according to the young people’s developmental stages. Warning signs and communication of suicidal intent can be vague among early adolescents, while mental health problems may be more evidently related to suicidal ideation in older adolescents. Understanding the developmental characteristics of youth suicide is necessary for effective suicide prevention. Aims: We explored the […]

Increasing trend and characteristics of Korean adolescents presenting to emergency department for self-harm: A 5-year experience, 2015 to 2019

Purpose: Emergency department (ED) is a common treatment setting for adolescents with clinically serious self-harm. Here, we investigated the clinical characteristics and trends of adolescents with self-harm who visited the ED in one Korean university hospital. We also compared patients with a single ED visit to those with multiple ED visits to identify the risk […]

Association of long working hours with accidents and suicide mortality in Korea

Objectives The deleterious health effects of long working hours have been previously investigated, but there is a dearth of studies on mortality resulting from accidents or suicide. This prospective study aims to examine the association between working hours and external-cause mortality (accidents and suicide) in Korea, a country with some of the longest working hours […]

Validation of the Korean version Interpersonal Needs Questionnaire

Objective The Interpersonal Psychological Theory of Suicide posits thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness as the constructs of suicidal desire. This study examined the psychometric properties of the Interpersonal Needs Questionnaire (INQ), which measures thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness, in Korean university students. Method A series of exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted to identify […]

Multiple types of somatic pain increase suicide attempts and depression: A nationwide community sample of Korean adults

Objective Somatic pain is an important risk factor for suicide and suicidal behaviors. However, the association between the number of somatic pain conditions and lifetime suicide attempts (LSA) has not been well established yet. Therefore, the objective of this study was to examine associations between LSA and multiple somatic pain (MSP), singe pain, and no pain in a nationwide […]

The Korean cohort for the model predicting a suicide and suicide-related behavior: Study rationale, methodology, and baseline sample characteristics of a long-term, large-scale, multi-center, prospective, naturalistic, observational cohort study

Background The Korean Cohort for the Model Predicting a Suicide and Suicide-related Behavior (K-COMPASS) study is a prospective, naturalistic, observational cohort study, aiming to identify predictors of suicide attempt and suicide characteristics in the Korean suicidal population. The findings intend to contribute to a thorough understanding of suicidal phenomena and development of suicide prevention guidelines. The present cross-section […]

Blue Monday is real for suicide: A case-control study of 188,601 suicides

Many studies have reported that suicides tend to occur on Mondays. However, owing to a lack of controls, conclusive findings on the potential effects of a day of the week on suicides have been lacking. We analyzed public data for causes of death from 1997 to 2015 in the Republic of Korea. Accidental death was […]

Systemic inflammation and suicide risk: Cohort study of 419 527 Korean men and women.

Background Data from only one study have been used to examine the relationship between systemic inflammation and later suicide risk, and a strong positive association was apparent. More research is needed, particularly looking at gender, not least because women are seemingly more vulnerable to inflammation-induced mood changes than men. Methods The Korean Cancer Prevention Study […]

Risk factors and mediators of suicidal ideation among Korean adolescents

Background: A significant number of Korean adolescents have suicidal ideations and it is more prevalent among adolescents than any other age group in Korea. Aims: This study was conducted to attain a better understanding of the contributing factors to suicidal ideation among Korean adolescents. Method: We recruited 569 high school students in Grades 10 and 11 in Pyeongtaek, Korea. […]

Changing trends in suicide rates in South Korea from 1993 to 2016: A descriptive study.

The South Korean government has recently implemented policies to prevent suicide. However, there were few studies examining the recent changing trends in suicide rates. This study aims to examine the changing trends in suicide rates by time and age group. Design A descriptive study using nationwide mortality rates. Setting Data on the nationwide cause of […]

The burden of acute pesticide poisoning and pesticide regulation in Korea

Background This study aimed to estimate the burden of acute pesticide poisoning and to determine its trend with recently implemented pesticide regulations. Go to: Methods Disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) were calculated as the sum of years of life lost (YLLs) and years lived with disability (YLDs) due to acute pesticide poisoning using the methods of the […]

Does high emotional demand with low job control relate to suicidal ideation among service and sales workers in Korea?

We examined the relationship of high emotional demands and low job control to suicidal ideation among service and sales workers in Korea. A total of 1,995 service and sales workers participated in this study. Suicidal ideation and level of emotional demand and job control were assessed by self-reported questionnaire in 4th Korean National Health and […]

Sensation seeking as a potential screening tool for suicidality in adolescence.

Although suicide could be an adverse health problem related to sensation seeking, this relationship has not been rigorously evaluated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between sensation seeking and suicidality (suicidal ideation and plan) among adolescents and to test the influence of depressive symptom on this relationship. Sensation seeking can contribute […]

Factors affecting stigma toward suicide and depression: A Korean nationwide study.

Suicide attempts and depression are considerably misunderstood by Korean society. Studies regarding factors should provide basic information concerning the factors that should be considered when examining stigmatization. Aim: This study aimed to investigate sociodemographic factors related to the social stigma toward people with a history of suicide attempts or depression in a Korean nationwide community […]

Factors influencing suicidal ideation among Korean adults by age: Results of the 2010-2011 Korean Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

Suicidal ideation increases the risk of suicide. This study investigated the age-specific contributions of sociodemographic factors, health status, and health behaviors to suicidal ideation using nationally representative data. The factors associated with suicidal ideation differ by age. Perceived bad health, stress, and depression had a significant influence on suicidal ideation in all age groups, but […]

The structure of co-occurring bullying experiences and associations with suicidal behaviors in Korean adolescents.

This study had two main goals: to examine the structure of co-occurring peer bullying experiences among adolescents in South Korea from the perspective of victims and to determine the effects of bullying on suicidal behavior, including suicidal ideation and suicide attempts, among adolescents. Both physical and non-physical bullying were associated with suicide attempts, with similar […]