Risk and protective factors associated with self-cutting behavior among adolescents at first contact with the juvenile court

Adolescents involved in juvenile legal system are at increased risk for self-cutting behavior, however, correlates associated with elevated risk remain underresearched, particularly among youth with first involvement with the court. This study utilized an epidemiological two-year longitudinal study involving 401 adolescents at first contact with the court (Mage = 14.47; SDage = 1.94 years; 43% female; 42% […]

Do suicidal thoughts and behavior persist following juvenile justice involvement?

Introduction This study examines suicidal ideation and behavior of youth in the 3 months following their initial diversion appointment in the juvenile justice system. Method Participants were 99 adolescents (72.7% female; 65% racial minority) between the ages of 12 and 18 (Mage = 15.06, SD = 1.35) and a parent/caregiver (80% female; 54% racial minority; Mage = 42.7 years, SD = 8.9 years). Participants were eligible […]

Dissociative tendencies aggregate the impact of negative life events on non-suicidal self-injury among male juvenile delinquents

Non-suicidal self-injury is a significant global public health problem during adolescence, nevertheless there is a lack of investigations among juvenile offenders. Our cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the relationship between negative life events and self-harm, including the effects of dissociation and experiential avoidance that accounted for this link in a sample of underaged male offenders […]

Harnessing quality improvement and implementation science to support the implementation of suicide prevention practices in juvenile detention

Suicide is the second leading cause of death among 10- to 25-year-olds, and suicidal behavior is four times more likely among youth who enter juvenile justice settings. The current quality improvement work aimed to improve the use of suicide prevention practices in a behavioral health unit within a juvenile detention center and was informed by […]

Pilot study of mental health and substance use of detained youths in Ontario, Canada

Detained youth display substantive mental health and substance use problems. However, Canadian information is limited. The purpose of this study was (1) to assess mental health and substance use problems of youth in residential detention/custody facilities in Ontario, Canada, at intake, using the interRAI Youth Justice in Custodial Facilities (YJCF), and (2) to explore the […]

Exploring the relationship between connectedness and suicidality among adolescents involved in the juvenile justice system

Suicide is the second leading cause of death in people ages 10 – 24 and a major public health concern. Factors such as mental illness, drug use, and history of victimization, greatly impact the likelihood of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. Juvenile justice involved adolescents have been shown to experience heightened levels of these factors. […]

Suicidal ideation and attempts among court-involved, non-incarcerated youth

Over the past decade, suicide remains one of the leading causes of death among adolescents and a public health priority. Court-involved non-incarcerated juvenile justice youth frequently present with risk factors for suicide. Among these court-involved youth, 14% (n = 50) endorsed a lifetime history of suicidal ideation and attempts. Three main factors were associated with increased risk: […]

Race, offense type, and suicide ideation: Tests of the interpersonal-psychological theory in juvenile offenders

This study evaluated the synergy hypothesis of the Interpersonal‐Psychological Theory of Suicide (IPTS), which argues thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness are positively interactive in their association with suicide ideation, in a group of juvenile offenders. It also examined whether this prediction is differentially applicable across race/ethnicity or offense type. Participants included 590 adjudicated and confined […]

Nonsuicidal self-injury in adolescents placed in youth welfare and juvenile justice group homes: Associations with mental disorders and suicidality.

Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a frequent phenomenon in adolescents, however there is a lack of studies on the prevalence of NSSI in adolescents placed in youth welfare and juvenile justice group homes. The goal of the present study is to investigate the prevalence rates of NSSI and mental disorders in adolescents living in the youth […]

Childhood traumatic experiences and mental health problems in sexually offending and non-sexually offending juveniles.

Objective To examine the relationship between a history of childhood abuse and mental health problems in juveniles who sexually offended (JSOs) over and above general offending behavior. Methods A sample of 44 JSOs incarcerated in two juvenile detention centers in the Netherlands between May 2008 and March 2014 were examined for childhood abuse history (Childhood […]

The impact of contact with suicide-related behavior in prison on young offenders.

Journal held in CSP Library.