Suicide rates and risk factors for suicide among Israeli immigrants from Ethiopia (1985-2017)

Background Suicide rates among Ethiopian immigrants to Israel (EI) are relatively high. This study sought to identify suicide-risk factors in this population in order to suggest some potentially preventive measures to mental health policymakers who are struggling to prevent suicide among EI. Method Nationwide age-adjusted suicide rates were calculated for EI, Former Soviet Union immigrants […]

The cost of being apart: The contribution of perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness to suicide ideation among Israeli older adults

Older adults have the highest suicide rates of all age groups in most industrialized countries. However, research concerning psychological risk factors for suicide among older adults is sparse. Thus, our study aimed to examine the contribution of perceived burdensomeness (PB) and thwarted belongingness (TB) to suicide ideation (SI) among older adults. Participants included 160 Israeli […]

The association between gender, ethnicity, and suicidality among vocational students in israel

Gender and ethnicity are significant factors when evaluating suicidal risk, especially among ethnically diverse populations. In the current study we explored the association between gender, ethnicity, and suicide ideation and attempts among Arab and Jewish vocational education and training high school students in Israel. Students (N = 3,554) completed a self-report survey evaluating suicide ideation and attempts, […]

An effective suicide prevention program in the Israeli Defense Forces: A cohort study.

The IDF Suicide Prevention Program is a population-based program, incorporating: reducing weapon availability, de-stigmatizing help-seeking behavior, integrating mental health officers into service units, and training commanders and soldiers to recognize suicide risk factors and warning signs. Main outcome measure: Suicide rate and time to suicide in cohorts before and after exposure to the Suicide Prevention […]

Characteristics of soldiers with self-harm in the Israeli Defense Forces.

Suicide is the leading cause of soldier death in the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) in peace time. Suicide attempt (SA) and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) are risk factors for death by suicide in civilian studies and therefore their predictive value needs to be determined in the military. All army screening, psychometric and demographic data on consecutive […]

Suicidal behavior among Muslim Arabs in Israel.

Purpose: Countries with Muslim populations report relatively lower rates of suicide. However, authors have noted methodological flaws in the data. This study examined reliable rates of completed suicide, suicide ideation, planning and attempts among Muslims as compared to Jews in Israel. Methods: For completed suicide, information was extracted from death certificates (2003-2007); the National Emergency […]

Suicidal behavior among immigrants.

Introduction This paper explores the association between suicidal behavior and immigrant status among Israeli residents from the former USSR (FSU). Method The Israeli component of the World Mental Health Survey (INHS) provided information on suicide ideations, plans and attempts. The INHS samples included Israel-born Jews (n = 2,114) and post-1990 immigrants from the FSU (n […]

Israeli adolescents with ongoing exposure to terrorism: suicidal ideation, posttraumatic stress disorder, and functional impairment.

In this study, we examined the relationships among terrorism exposure, functional impairment, suicidal ideation, and probable partial or full posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) from exposure to terrorism in adolescents continuously exposed to this threat in Israel. A convenience sample of 2,094 students, aged 12 to 18, was drawn from 10 Israeli secondary schools. In terms […]

Differentiating army suicide attempters from psychologically treated and untreated soldiers: a demographic, psychological and stress-reaction characterization.

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Construct Development: the Suicide Trigger Scale (STS-2), a Measure of a Hypothesized Suicide Trigger State

This study aimed to develop the construct of a suicide trigger state by exploring data gathered with a novel psychometric self-report instrument, the STS-2. The scale was administed to 141 Israeli adult psychiatric patients with suicide ideation. Multiple statistical methods were used to explore construct validity & structure. Cronbach’s alpha demonstrated excellent internal consistency. Factor […]

Personality and Suicidal Behavior in Adolescence

This paper examines personal factors, beyond psychopathology, involved in suicidality. The hypothesis is that there are 3 sets of personality constellations that may underlie suicidality: impulsive & aggressive characteristics combined with an oversensitivity to minor life events; narcissism, perfectionism, & the ability to tolerate failure & imperfection, combined with an underlying schizoid personality structure; & […]

DRD4 Receptor Gene Exon III Polymorphism in Inpatient Suicidal Adolescents

The association of suicidality with dopamine receptor subtype 4 (DRD4) polymorphism was assessed in 69 Israeli adolescents inpatients who had recently attempted suicide. The frequency of DRD4 alleles was compared between the inpatients & 167 healthy controls. No significant association between the DRD4 polymorphism & suicidal behaviour was found. Analysis of the suicide-related measures demonstrated […]

Relationships Between Serotonin Transporter Promoter Polymorphism, Platelet Serotonin Transporter Binding and Clinical Phenotype in Suicidal and Non-Suicidal Adolescent Inpatients

Relationships between the serotonin transporter promoter polymorphism, platelet serotonin transporter binding, & clinical phenotype were examined in 32 suicidal & 28 nonsuicidal Ashkenazi Israeli adolescent psychiatric inpatients. The serotonin transporter promoter polymorphism was not associated with transporter binding or with suicidality or other clinical phenotypes. However, in the suicidal group, a significant positive correlation between […]

Epidemiology of Suicide in Israel: a Nationwide Population Study

This study examined trends in suicide rates in Israel from 1984-1994 to identify sub-populations at high risk for suicide & to identify suicide methods associated with increased risk. Trends over the period 1984-1994 were examined for Jewish men & women & Arab men & women. Cases of undetermined external cause of death were also considered. […]

Decrease in Suicide Rates After a Change of Policy Reducing Access to Firearms in Adolescents: a Naturalistic Epidemiological Study

The authors examined the effect of a policy change in the Israeli Defense Forces reducing adolescents’ access to firearms on rates of suicide. Following the policy change, suicide rates decreased significantly by 40%. Most of this decrease was due to decrease in suicide using firearms over the weekend. There were no significant changes in rates […]

Alert: the Dark Side of Chats – Internet Without Boundaries

This article was written by the father of a young Israeli man who died by suicide shortly before his twentieth birthday. Internet discussion groups – some of which provide specific information on methods of suicide – are discussed extensively, with particular reference to the lack of boundaries & rules of conduct.

Use of age-Adjusted Rates of Suicide in Time Series Studies in Israel

Durkheim’s modified theory of suicide was examined to explore how consistent it was in predicting Israeli rates of suicide from 1965-1997 when using age-adjusted rates rather than crude ones. In this time-series study, male & female rates of suicide were found to increase & decrease, respectively. Conforming to Durkheim’s modified theory, the male rate of […]

A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Behavior Disturbance and Suicidal Behavior Among Psychiatrically Hospitalized Adolescents in Israel and the United States

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Family-Based Association Study of 5-HT Receptor T102C Polymorphism and Suicidal Behavior in Ashkenazi Inpatient Adolescents

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Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI) and the Children’s Depression Rating Scale-Revised (CDRS-R): Reliability of the Hebrew Version

Self Complexity of Suicidal Adolescents

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How Many Pins? a Case Report of a Girl who Swallowed More than 50 Straight Pins in a Suicide Attempt

Supportive Short-Term Family Therapy by Nursing Staff in the Inpatient Unit: Preventing Dependence and Rehospitalization in the Acutely ill and Suicidal Adolescent

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