A systematic review of school-based suicide prevention interventions for adolescents, and intervention and contextual factors in prevention

Suicide is the fourth leading cause of death among adolescents, globally. Though post-primary, school-based suicide prevention (PSSP) has the potential to be a key strategy for preventing adolescent suicidal thoughts and behaviours (STBs), there are persisting challenges to translating PSSP research to practice. Intervention and contextual factors relevant to PSSP are likely key to both […]

The role of social work in suicide prevention, intervention, and postvention: A scoping review

Social workers frequently encounter those affected by suicide. However, the social work voice on suicide has been relatively absent from the literature. This scoping review aimed to map the contribution social work research has made to suicide prevention, intervention, and postvention. Two hundred and forty-one papers on suicide authored by social workers were identified. Results […]

Preventing railway suicides through level crossing removal: A multiple‑arm pre‑post study design in Victoria, Australia

Purpose Rail level crossing removals to improve transport performance across metropolitan Melbourne (state of Victoria) resulted in new rail fencing and grade-separation of tracks from the surrounding environment at several sites. These design changes restricted pedestrian access to the rail tracks, which is a countermeasure known to prevent railway suicide in other settings. We examined […]

The effectiveness of self-esteem-related interventions in reducing suicidal behaviors: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Suicide is a serious social issue and is often treated using psychological interventions. The current systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to investigate the effectiveness of self-esteem-related interventions on suicidal behaviors. A systematic literature search for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) including a self-esteem component was conducted on 29 May 2021 and updated on 4 April 2022. […]

Systematic review of suicide prevention studies with data on youth and young adults living in low-income and middle-income countries

Objectives This review aimed to provide a summary of peer-reviewed, published literature on suicide preventive interventions with data on youth and young adults in low-income and middle-income countries (LMIC). Design A systematic review was conducted using electronic databases of PubMed/MEDLINE, The Cochrane Library, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, PsycINFO, Education Resources Information Center and […]

Effective suicide prevention and intervention in schools (IN: Youth Suicide Prevention and Intervention, edited by J.P. Ackerman & L.M. Horowitz)

Schools are increasingly relied upon to foster students’ social-emotional development and address mental health concerns. Schools can also play an important role in their communities by identifying and responding to youth at risk for suicide. In this chapter, we summarize existing research on suicide prevention in schools, highlight promising programs and practices, and provide recommendations […]

Suicide and self-harm prevention and intervention in LGBTQIA+ youth: Current research and future directions (IN: Youth Suicide Prevention and Intervention, edited by J.P. Ackerman & L.M. Horowitz)

Youth who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, queer, and questioning their sexual identities (LGBQ+) and/or who are a gender distinct from their birth-assigned sex (i.e., trans gender and gender diverse), collectively LGBTQIA+, show nearly triple the risk for self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs), including nonsuicidal self-injury, suicide ideation, and suicide attempts (Marshal et al., 2011). Unfortunately, […]

Effectiveness of psychosocial interventions for family members and other informal support persons of individuals who have made a suicide attempt: A systematic review

Background: Individuals recovering from a suicide attempt may benefit from support provided by informal carers, that is, family members and other support persons, who may require support themselves. Aims: This systematic review aims to identify and synthesize available literature on the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions for this carer population. Method: A search of peer-reviewed literature in five databases was carried […]

Community and bystander interventions for the prevention of suicide: Protocol for a systematic review

Suicide has a wide reaching and devastating impact on society. This article presents a study protocol for a systematic review of the literature on community and bystander interventions to reduce the incidence of suicide. These interventions are focused on people other than the person at-risk and are designed to increase awareness of warning signs and […]

An overview of factors related to suicide and of suicide intervention programs in Alberta

This report provides a synthesis of the most recent statistical data and research on youth suicide. Promising programs, practices and current training models are reviewed as well as leading practices in suicide intervention, prevention and postvention. Rates and risk factors of suicide in Canada, and more specifically Alberta are cited. Interview with Canadian experts in […]

Promoting the community’s ability to detect and respond to suicide risk through an online bystander intervention model-informed tool: A randomized controlled trial

Background: The public health sector has advocated for more innovative, technology-based, suicide prevention education for the community, to improve their ability to detect and respond to suicide risk. Emerging evidence suggests addressing the bystander effect through the Bystander Intervention Model (BIM) in education material may have potential for suicide prevention. Aims: The current study aimed to assess whether […]

“you were born ugly and youl die ugly too”: Cyber-bullying as relational aggression

Cyber-bullying increasingly is becoming a problem for students, educators and policy makers. In this paper, we consider cyber-bullying as a form of relational aggression; that is,  behaviour designed to damage, harm or disrupt friendship or interpersonal relationships through covert means. We draw on the findings from a study of students in Grades 6  through 9, […]

Engagement with personalized feedback for emotional distress among college students at elevated suicide risk

Depression and suicidal ideation have substantially increased among college students, yet many students with clinically significant symptoms do not perceive their distress as warranting mental health services. Personalized feedback (PF) interventions deliver objective data, often electronically, comparing an individual’s reported symptoms or behaviors to a group norm. Several studies have shown promise for PF interventions in the […]

Conceptualizing suicide prevention in firefighters through the lens of the Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of suicide: A narrative review

Suicide is the 10th leading cause of death in the United States and is a significant public health problem. Suicide has also become a major concern among career American firefighters with rates for suicidal ideation and attempts in firefighters two to three times higher than rates in the general population. Firefighter suicide and mental health […]

Suicide reattempt in a population-wide brief contact intervention to prevent suicide attempts: The VigilanS program, France

Objective: Among the postcrisis suicide prevention programmes, brief contact interventions (BCIs) have been proven to be efficient. VigilanS generalizes to a whole French region a BCI combining resource cards, telephone calls, and sending postcards, according to a predefined algorithm. However, a major problem in suicide prevention is the suicide reattempt, which can lead to final suicide. […]

Twenty-six years of psychosocial interventions to reduce suicide risk in adolescents: Systematic review and meta-analysis

Background: During adolescence, suicide risk increases; effective treatments are needed to reduce risk. Methods: Databases were searched (1995-2020) for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) concerning psychosocial treatments for suicide prevention in adolescents (10-18 yrs). Data were extracted from the timepoint closest to 6 months. Cohen’s ds were estimated for reducing suicidal ideation (SI), self-harming behaviors (SHB) excluding strictly […]

The impact of a trauma-informed approach intervention or strategies for suicide prevention across the lifespan: A rapid review of the evidence

This rapid review aimed to review recent published literature and describe the current evidence regarding a trauma-informed approach or strategies for suicide prevention, the impact of interventions and or strategies, as well as barriers and facilitators. Systematic searches were conducted in eight databases and one website: Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, ProQuest Psychology Database, The Cochrane Library, […]

Suicide prevention using self-guided digital interventions: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials

Background Digital interventions that deliver psychological self-help provide the opportunity to reach individuals at risk of suicide who do not access traditional health services. Our primary objective was to test whether direct (targeting suicidality) and indirect (targeting depression) digital interventions are effective in reducing suicidal ideation and behaviours, and our secondary analyses assessed whether direct interventions were […]

Solution focused brief therapy telemental health suicide intervention

One of the innumerable impacts of the coronavirus has been the change in how individuals provide services. For mental health providers, the pandemic required a sudden shift from in person to online service delivery. As therapists learn and embrace a new modality for providing therapy, crisis situations may present with some anxiety. With the pandemic […]

Navigating the ethics of internet-guided self-help interventions

Internet-guided self-help (IGSH) programs have proliferated recently to treat common mental health problems such as anxiety and depression. However, technology has outpaced the development of ethical guidelines for this mode of delivery. We examine ethical challenges in this new space, including defining the role “guides” play in treatment, crisis management, and user selection and screening. […]

Defining internet-supported therapeutic interventions

Background The field of Internet-supported therapeutic interventions has suffered from a lack of clarity and consistency. The absence of professional leadership and of accepted governing approaches, terminology, professional standards, and methodologies has caused this field to be diffused and unstructured. Numerous terms have been used to label and describe the activities conducted over the Internet […]

A behavior change model for internet interventions

Background The Internet has become a major component to health care and has important implications for the future of the health care system. One of the most notable aspects of the Web is its ability to provide efficient, interactive, and tailored content to the user. Given the wide reach and extensive capabilities of the Internet, […]

Sleep health disparities: A promising target for preventing suicide in black youth?

Youth suicide is an urgent public health concern, particularly for Black youth, among whom suicide attempts and death have increased faster than any other racial or ethnic group. Ideal foci for suicide prevention interventions are risk factors that are malleable, dynamic, and proximal. Studies consistently identify poor sleep health as a risk factor for suicidal […]