The ethics of suicide.

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Understanding and addressing bullying: An international perspective

PREVNet (Promoting Relationships and Eliminating Violence Network) brings together leading researchers, community organizations, industry and government, funded by the Networks of Centers of Excellence. Launched in 2006, PREVNet’s mission is to stop bullying and promote safe and healthy relationships for all Canadian children and youth. Led by Dr. Wendy Craig of Queen’s University and Dr. […]

Canada Suicide Prevention Efforts Lagging, Experts say

This article discusses the lack of a national suicide prevention strategy in Canada, even though Canadian experts were among the first to call attention to suicide as an international public health issue. Contact us for a copy of this article, or view online at http://www.cmaj.ca/content/183/1/E27.full

Does Adversity Early in Life Affect General Population Suicide Rates? A Cross-National Study

The relationship between general population suicide rates & 4 proxy measures of adversity earlier in life was examined using data from the World Health Organization & the United Nations data banks. General population suicide rates were negatively correlated with the percentage of children under the age of 5 years who were underweight, the percentage of […]

Sleep, Serotonin, and Suicide in Japan

This article reviews evidence supporting the hypothesis that suicide rates in Japan could be reduced by elevating serotonin levels via increasing the average duration of sleep. From the research reviewed, 2 major problematic issues were apparent: most people in Japan receive inadequate sleep & individuals whose sleep is inadequate are unlikely to be sufficiently physically […]

Immigration and Suicidality in the Young

This review aimed to present studies of the prevalence of suicidal behaviour in immigrant youth in various countries & to provide possible explanations for suicidal behaviour in these youth, especially regarding acculturation. There are few studies & most of the research does not differentiate ethnic minorities from immigrants. The relation between immigration status & suicidal […]

Doomsday Movements in Africa: Restoration of the Ten Commandments of God

This article investigates Kibwetere’s Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments of God. A brief summary of the Movement’s short history is followed by an outline of the movement’s main beliefs. This Ugandan cult’s sociohistoric context is analysed. The cult’s document, “A Timely Message”, is summarized & their relationship with a similar Marian movement […]

Suicide in the Pacific – a Mental Health Epidemic

In this editorial, the author discusses the magnitude of suicide in the Western Pacific region. He welcomes increased awareness, asserting intellectual dialogue & debate is necessary if long-term differences in suicide & suicidal behaviours are to be made. Contact us for a copy of this article, or view online at https://www.spc.int/hdp/Documents/hdp_meeting/Pacific%20Health%20Dialog%208(1)_Suicide%20and%20Mental%20Health.pdf

A Replication of a Possible Relationship Between Elderly Suicide Rates and Smoking Using Five-Year Data on Suicide Rates? A Cross-National Study

The relationship between the national prevalence of smoking & suicide rates in both genders in the age bands 65-74 & 75+ years was examined using a one-year average of five years data on suicide rates. Data were gathered from the World Health Organization & the United Nations Development Programme. On univariate analysis, the national prevalence […]

Alcohol Consumption and Suicide: a Country-Level Study

This article examines the relationship between suicide & alcohol consumption across 98 different countries. Suicide & alcohol consumption rates were those calculated by the World Health Organization (2008 & 2004 databases). A simple correlation analysis was done & cross-national variations were shown in cartograms with the values of the standard deviation as class breaks. A […]

Is Religiosity a Protective Factor Against Attempted Suicide: a Cross-Cultural Case-Control Study

This cross-cultural study investigated whether religiosity assessed in 3 dimensions has a protective effect against attempted suicide. Community controls were more likely than suicide attempters to report religious denomination in Estonia & subjective religiosity in 4 countries; Brazil, Estonia, Islamic Republic of Iran, & Sri Lanka. In South Africa, the effect was exceptional both for […]

The Relationship Between Suicide and Islam: a Cross-National Study

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Ethical and Legal Issues in Suicide Research

Moralist, libertarian, & relativist ethical positions concerning suicide & its prevention are presented in order to clarify premises upon which ethical issues in suicide research may be resolved. Ethical concerns are differentiated from legal considerations & the implications of the vulnerability of suicidology research participants are discussed. Specific issues that arise in design, choice of […]

Cross-Cultural Research Widens Suicide Prevention Horizons

In this editorial, the author discusses his belief that cultural factors are of paramount importance in understanding suicidal behaviours. (27 refs.)

A Replication of the Relationship Between Elderly Suicides Rates and Elderly Dependency Ratios: Cross-National Study

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Four Studies on how Past and Current Suicidality Relate Even When “Everything but the Kitchen Sink” is Covaried

Joiner’s theory of suicidal behaviour suggests past suicidal behaviour plays an important role in future suicidality. However, the mechanism by which this risk is transferred & the causal implications have not been well studied. This study provides evaluation of the nature & limits of this relationship across 4 populations, with varying degrees of suicidal behaviour. […]

The Relationship Between Obesity and Elderly Suicide Rates: a Cross-National Study

An inverse relationship between obesity & suicide has been observed in younger adults but this has not examined in the elderly. A cross-national ecological study examined the independent relationship between the prevalence of obesity & elderly suicide rates, by controlling for potentially confounding variables, using data from the World Health Organization & the United Nations. […]

A Tentative Epidemiologic Approach to Suicide Prevention in Adolescence

Suicide mortality rates are usually second or third after accidents & homicides, depending on the country, among adolescents. Rates in males are regularly higher than those in females. Owing to the universal absence of a systematic recording of parasuicide cases, morbidity data are much more difficult to get & to analyze. Data based on hospital […]

Male to Female sex Ratio of Suicide Rates in two Elderly Age-Bands and Socio-Economic Factors

The relationship between the male to female sex ratios of suicide rates in the age-bands 65-74 years & 75+ years & socioeconomic factors was examined in a cross-national study using data from the World Health Organization & the United Nations. The main findings were that there was a significant positive correlation between the male to […]

Commentary: Homicide-Suicide in Older Adults – Cultural and Contextual Perspectives

The authors comment on Bourget et al’s (2010) article on domestic homicide-suicide & older offenders. The authors comment on the ubiquity of single homicide-suicide across cultures, the incidence of single homicide-suicide in various cultures, the common patterns & differences in single homicide-suicides across cultures, ethnic & gender differences in single homicide-suicide within different cultures, characteristics […]

Pure Elderly Suicide Rates Versus Combined Pure Elderly Suicide, Accidental and Undetermined Death Rates: Methodological Issues in Cross-National Studies

The relationship between pure elderly suicide rates & rates of accidental deaths & undetermined deaths in the elderly across different countries was examined using Spearman’s correlation coefficient. Complete data sets were available for 49 countries. There was no significant correlation between pure suicide rates & rates of accidental deaths & undetermined deaths in males, aged […]

Antidepressants and Suicide Risk: a Comprehensive Overview

Ecological, cohort, & case-control studies & data from brief, randomized controlled trials in patients with acute affective disorders have found increases, particularly in young patients & particularly for the risk of suicide attempts, as well as increases in suicide ideation in young patients. Whether antidepressants are associated with specific aspects of suicidality in younger patients […]

Cross-National Analysis of the Associations Among Mental Disorders and Suicidal Behavior: Findings From the WHO World Mental Health Surveys

Data on the lifetime presence & age-of-onset of mental disorders & nonfatal suicidal behaviours were collected via structured face-to-face interviews with 108,664 respondents from 21 countries. The results show each lifetime disorder examined significantly predicts the subsequent first onset of suicide attempt. After controlling for comorbidity, these associations decreased substantially but remained significant in most […]