You’ll See, Mr. Atkinson (IN: Sudden Endings, by M J Meaker)


Death in Hollywood: any Relation Between Self Worth and Mortality is Uncertain


Hospice Nurses: Patients who Refuse Food and Water die Peacefully

For the original study by L Ganzini et al, please see SIEC #2004-0050

Speaking of Suicide Among Homicide Victims

The authors summarize a study examining the proportion of selected suicide risk factors among homicide victims compared to natural deaths.

Suicide Types: Indirect Suicide (IN: Macmillan Encyclopedia of Death and Dying, vol.2: L-Z, ed. by R Kastenbaum)

The author of this entry reviews a range of indirect suicidal behaviors in which death results gradually rather than immediately, & in which the degree of intentionality is less obvious than in an overt suicide attempt. Psychological interpretations of such actions are explored, & the presence of indirect suicidal behaviors in non-human species is discussed. […]

The Legitimacy of Capital Punishment in Hegel’s Philosohy of Right

This paper examines an apparent tension in the account of capital punishment offered by Hegel in his “Philosophy of Right.” The current author argues that certain crimes, including murder, necessarily require capital punishment because they constitute total negations of right, & so are themselves a form of suicide according to the philosophy of Hegel. Hegel’s […]

Suicide: Aged Adults (IN: Encyclopedia of Death, ed. by R Kastenbaum and B Kastenbaum)

This encyclopedia entry explores the problem of suicide among the elderly population, paying close attention to fluctuating rates of suicide among this group. Elderly high-risk groups are identified & risk indicators are reviewed. Precipitating factors & warning signs for suicide in elderly individuals are also examined. (11 refs)

Suicide: Indirect (IN: Encyclopedia of Death, ed. by R Kastenbaum and B Kastenbaum)

This encyclopedia entry defines & explores the motivations behind indirect suicide & related behaviours. (7 refs)

Social Factors and Mortality From NASH in Canada

This paper discusses the sociological failures of NASH (Natural, Accident, Suicide, Homicide) categories when assigning causes of death, especially that of suicide. The authors investigated deaths in Canada caused by motor vehicle accidents, cirrhosis of the liver, stomach cancer & homicide and analyzed them to see if these causes of death shared similar sociological factors […]

Women who Hurt Themselves. A Book of Hope and Understanding


Edgar Allan Poe: Why did he not Kill Himself?

This proceeding provides biographical information of Edgar Allen Poe. It discusses certain aspects of his life that may have put him at risk for suicide & the personal characteristics that may have deterred suicidal behaviours. The author concludes with an argument that Poe’s death could be construed as a semi-suicide. (SC)

Orientations Toward Death (IN: The Psychology of Suicide: a Clinician’s Guide to Evaluation and Treatment, edited by E S Shneidman, N L Farberow & R E Litman)

In the first part of this chapter, Shneidman attempts to create a psychologically oriented classification of death phenomena. 3 false notions about death & suicide are discussed. 3 categories relating to the role of the individual in their own death are proposed: intentioned death, subintentioned death & unintentioned death. Commentary by Weisman, Menninger, & Litman […]

New Melville Documents and Sub-Intentioned Death (IN: Suicidology: Essays in Honor of Edwin S. Shneidman, edited by A A Leenaars)

This chapter is devoted to reviewing Herman Melville’s “death fascination”, in both his published and unpublished written works. The author also reviews the work of Shneidman, who looked at allusions to death in Melville’s written work in the 1960s. (9 refs.)

Suicide and Suicidal Behavior: Postvention- Counseling Center Response (IN: College Student Suicide, ed. by L C Whitaker and R E Slimak)

Covers specific topics such as: 1) Completed Suicides: Dealing with the Aftermath; 2) Indirect (“Accidental”) Suicides; 3) Campus Intervention After Suicide; 4) Unsuccessful Attempts; 5) Administrative Referral for Evaluation of Suicide Risk; 6)Differential Diagnostic Considerations. Counseling Center response to this wide range of suicidal behavior varies & needs to be tailored to the particular circumstances.

Suicidal Behavior in Long-Term Care Facilities

This study examined information from approxiamtely 500 long-term care facilities about suicides, attempted suicides, & other self destructive behaviors. The authors found that males, whites, & those who were depressed and/or had recently experienced a loss are particularly susceptible to self destructive behaviors. They also assert that noting abnormal behaviors such as refusing to eat […]

Suicide (IN: Moral Problems: a Collection of Philosophical Essays, 2nd Edition, ed. by J Rachels)

This article begins by defining suicide along Durkheim’s principles. The author then discusses whether the death of Socrates was suicide, as well as outlining the morality of committing suicide. For example, is it moral to commit suicide in order to avoid dishonour in life (e.g. due to faulty military endeavors, or debts)? The author also […]

Suicide and Careless Death in Young Males: Ecological Study of an Aboriginal Population in Canada

This article examines the problems in estimating suicide rates in North American Native populations. Despite many problems with research, there does appear to be evidence that suicide rates are higher for Natives. An ecological method of calculating rates of suicide & careless deaths in males aged 15-34 is described. This method indicates that, in Alberta, […]

An Analysis of the Concept of Self-Neglect

Presents the results of a concept analysis of self-neglect as a first step toward further theory development, research, & eventual practical applications. The literature review addresses suicidology & noncompliance as areas significant to analysis of the concept. Ethical, personal, esthetic, & empirical sources of knowledge are included as relevant to the conceptualization of self-neglect. Includes […]

A Formulation of Passive Suicide

Discusses the concept of borderline, or indirect, suicide as a passive form of behavior resulting in death. Suggesting that it is death as the eventual outcome of a self-fulfilling prophecy, the author says indirect suicide is based on lack of self-protection &/or self-care rather than a conscious effort to cause one’s own death. 4 refs. […]

Bizarre Suicides

The author states that it is their loss of ability to perceive alternatives and the desire to find the quickest solution to their problems that leads suicidal people to bizarre solutions to those problems. The bizarre suicides that he presents fall into the following categories: famous historical, suicide by ingestion, failed attempts, creative suicides, and […]

Silent Suicide in the Elderly

Silent suicide in defined as the intention, often masked, to kill oneself by nonviolent means through self-starvation or noncompliance with essential medical treatment. Silent suicide frequently goes unrecognized. Elderly individuals committing silent suicide are often thought to be making rational end of life decisions. However, these individuals must be distinguished from terminally ill patients who […]

A Formulation of Borderline Suicide

This proceeding describes the characteristics of borderline suicide, which is a form of sub-intentioned suicide. It is not the same as indirect suicide because the victim is the active initiator of his/her own demise through a lack of self-protection &/or self-care. It is not a conscious effort to cause one’s own death. An example is […]

Suicide in Long-Term Care Facilities

This U.S. study represents the first large-scale national study of patterns of suicidal behaviour in long-term facilities for the elderly. 463 questionnaires that included items on the facility, staff & residents, number of overt suicides, attempts, incidents of indirect life-threatening behaviour(refusing medication, self-mutilation) were returned. 294 of 30,269 residents engaged in suicidal behaviour during 1984-85. […]