Changing profile of suicide methods in India: 2014–2021

Background: Restricting access to suicide methods is one of the most effective suicide prevention approaches. Methods: Trends in method specific suicide rates (2014-2021) in India were calculated using National Crime Records Bureau data (NCRB) by sex and geographical region. Joinpoint regression analysis was used to empirically identify any changes in suicide trends. Results: Suicide rates by hanging increased […]

A study on factors influencing youth to commit suicide in Kashmir

Suicide is one of the burning issues worldwide as its rate is increasing continuously. This paper examines the status of suicide in the world and factors influencing youth of Kashmir to commit suicide. The study was carried out  in Kashmir region in the year 2023 to trace the various socio-economic, political and cultural factors which […]

Examining the relationship between academic expectations and suicidal ideation among college students in India using the interpersonal theory of suicide

Factor structure and validity of the suicidal narrative inventory among Indian adults

Background: The suicidal narrative is a presuicidal state comprising several risk factors for suicide and is assessed using the Suicidal Narrative Inventory (SNI). Aims To assess the internal structure, reliability, and validity of SNI among Indian adults. Methods Between August 2020 and January 2021, the SNI, together with other self-report measures, was administered to adult respondents using an online anonymized […]

The quality of media reporting of suicide news in a high suicide state of India against World Health Organization guidelines: A content analysis study of major newspapers in Chhattisgarh

Objectives: Suicide rates in India are amongst the highest in the world, resulting in an estimated 250,000 suicide deaths annually, and suicide rates in the state of Chhattisgarh are more than double the national average. Responsible media reporting is one of the few  population-level suicide prevention interventions. To inform media interventions, the objective of our […]

A study on socio-economic and psychological causes of suicide among youths in India

Over the last few years, the number of suicide cases in India has increased at a significant level, thereby influencing the youth in a negative way. There are several reasons that can be considered as potential causes of suicide that, include depression, financial loss, poor academic performance, and many more. These reasons influence the mind […]

Mental health action plan for the WHO South-East Asia region 2023-2030

Member States of the Reg: ion have initiated processes to strengthen leadership and governance for mental health. Several countries have developed and implemented mental health plans, strategies and legislations. Direct spending on mental health needs to be increased throughout the Region through the health sector as well as other relevant sectors.

Suicide prevention policy in India: Reflections by mental health professionals

The National Suicide Prevention Strategy was launched by India on November 21, 2022. It was the first step toward making suicide prevention a public health priority with the aim of a 10% reduction in suicide mortality by 2030. The present article incorporates the reflections by mental health professionals in India by emphasizing on the sociocultural contexts, diversity, the training of the professionals, ethical dilemmas, the need for early […]

Why young people attempt suicide in India: A qualitative study of vulnerability to action

Suicidal behaviours among young people in India are a major public health problem. An understanding of the reasons for suicide attempts from survivor perspectives is essential to developing suicide prevention programs for this population, as these can provide valuable insights into concerns that are unique to young people, and direct the focus of such programs towards these […]

Structuring roles and gender identities within families explaining suicidal behavior in South India

Background: This paper examines the social structures, culture, gendered roles, and their implications for suicidal behavior in South India. Exploring the cultural process within the structures of family and society to understand suicide and attempted suicide from the perspectives of survivors, mental health professionals, and traditional healers has not been achieved in the existing suicide-related research […]

Sociodemographic characteristics of women who died by suicide in India from 2014 to 2020: Findings from surveillance data

Background Women in India have twice the suicide death rate (SDR) compared with the global average for women. The aim of this study is to present a systematic understanding of sociodemographic risk factors, reasons for suicide deaths, and methods of suicide among women in India at the state level over time. Methods Administrative data on […]

A tertiary care hospital in northern India: A study of psychiatric morbidity in patients presented with attempted suicide

Suicide is a serious global public health concern that impacts people everywhere. Every year, it causes close to a million fatalities. Knowing the events that result in a suicidal attempt may help in the development  of suicide prevention techniques because a past suicidal attempt is the best indicator of a future suicide. One of the […]

A study to assess the knowledge and attitude of college students on suicide at selected colleges, Punjab

Aim: A study to assess the knowledge and attitude of college students on suicide at selected colleges, Punjab. Materials and methods: The sample consists of one hundred young people who were attending the college of Punjab at the time that the data was collected and who was between the ages of 18 and 35. A method […]

Causes and risk factors of suicide among adolescents and youth in India: A review

Suicide is at present 3rd leading cause of death among youth and adolescents worldwide. It is a serious health problem among the youth. This not only result in a direct loss of many young lives but also has many disruptive psychosocial and adverse socioeconomic effects. From the perspective of public mental health suicide among youth […]

The patterns, trends and major risk factors of suicide among Indian adolescents: A scoping review protocol

Introduction Suicide is one of the serious health problems among Indian adolescents. Adolescence helps with the transition of an individual into an adult, so it is important to understand the suicidal behavior of adolescents. Several studies have been carried out in different states in India on the suicidal behavior of adolescents, but there is no […]

Suicide of farmer and farm workers amid COVID-19 in India

The purpose of the study is to examine the current scenario of farmers’ suicide in India. Farmer suicides in India refer to the national catastrophe of farmers committing suicide since the 1990s. The farmers’ suicide rate in India had  ranged between 1.4 and 1.8 per 100,000 total population, over a 10-year period through 2005, however […]

Understanding suicide and its prevention in the Indian context: Mental health perspective

In India, suicide research has largely concentrated on the prevalence, method, psychological, and demographic risk factors. Suicide processes, paradigms, prevention strategies, and other features of suicide that are common in the West may not be applicable in India. It is vital to study potential underlying processes, various suicide prevention methods, and suicide prevention in general, […]

Suicide related to the COVID‑19 pandemic in India: A systematic review

Background The suicide rate has increased during the pandemic in India. Moreover, several studies, especially press-media reporting suicide studies have been conducted but no systematic review has been attempted in this context. Therefore, the present study systematically investigated the risk factors associated with suicidal behaviors, and the method of suicide during the COVID-19 pandemic in […]

Course and outcome of bipolar I disorder among Indian patients: A retrospective life‑chart study

Background: Indian studies on the course and outcome of bipolar disorder (BD) are scarce and their methodologies vary. Nevertheless, differences from Western ones have been noted. Methods: A systematic random sample of 200 patients with BD attending a general hospital psychiatric unit was chosen. They were assessed using the clinician and self-rated versions of the National Institute […]

The long-run effects of psychotherapy on depression, beliefs, and economic outcomes

We revisit two clinical trials that randomized depressed adults in India (n=775) to a brief course of psychotherapy or a control condition. Four to five years later, the treatment group was 11 percentage points less likely to be depressed than the control group. The more effective intervention averted 9 months of depression on average over […]

The Healthy Activity Program (HAP), a lay counsellor delivered brief psychological treatment for severe depression, in primary care in India: A randomised controlled trial

Background Although structured psychological treatments are recommended as first-line interventions for depression, only a small fraction of people globally receive these treatments because of poor access in routine primary care. We assessed the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a brief psychological treatment (Healthy Activity Program [HAP]) for delivery by lay counsellors to patients with moderately severe […]

Vulnerability as determinant of suicide among older people in Northern Indian states

Older people are confronted with a myriad of challenges throughout the course of their lives in the present society. One of these is the issue of suicidal behaviour among people of older age. This article understands the nature and examines the cause of mortality due to suicide among older people in later life. The author […]

National suicide prevention strategy

The Government has long been committed to promoting health and well-being for all. ‘Mental Health Policy 2014’ and ‘Mental Healthcare Act 2017’ provide the much-needed policy and legal framework to fortify efforts to promote mental well-being of the population. These documents have also addressed suicide as a public health issue. They have been instrumental in […]