An intervention to improve safe firearm storage for adolescents presenting with suicide ideation or attempt in a pediatric emergency department

Background Firearm injuries are the second leading cause of death in American youth aged 15 to 24, and over half of these deaths are suicides. Self-harm deaths in Wisconsin among adolescents have increased by 34% since 2006. Each year, our pediatric emergency department (ED) staff care for over 1100 children and adolescents who present with […]

Therapeutic alliance and change in suicide ideation among psychiatric inpatients at risk for suicide

Background: Therapeutic alliance is thought to be essential in the treatment of suicidality. Surprisingly, studies about the association between therapeutic alliance and change in suicide ideation over the course of treatment are sparse  and reported inconsistent results. Furthermore, theoretically important moderators were rarely explored empirically. Methods: We investigated the association between therapeutic alliance and change […]

Suicide prevention research: A bibliometric analysis from 1982 to 2021

Background: Suicide is the most extreme outcome of a mental health crisis and should therefore be a key priority in any mental health prevention response. Objective: the aim of this study was to identify the scientific production and its temporal evolution related to suicide prevention. Method: To do this, a quantitative, descriptive and bibliometric type […]

Psychometric properties of the Suicidal Ideation Scale in the Indonesian language

Introduction: Suicide is one of the leading cause of mortality among adolescents and young adults, especially in low to middle-income countries. Research found that screening for suicidal ideation in non-clinical populations such as schools or communities is an important step toward preventing suicide. Despite so, not all screening tools have the capabilities to accurately detect […]

Presence and predictors of suicide ideation in a clinical outpatient context

Background: It is of vital importance to study the risk factors associated with suicidal behaviour. The purpose of this study is to analyse the presence of suicide ideation and related factors in an applied clinical environment. Method: A correlative-predictive study is conducted with a sample of 180 adult patients, 64% women, with an average age […]

The range of suicidal ideation among people with care experience: Occurrences of suicidal thoughts in a cross-national sample from England and Germany

Background: This paper investigates the range of suicidal ideation among people with care experience. People who grew up in care have an elevated risk of suicidal ideation, behavior and dying by suicide compared to people without care experience. Objective: A comprehensive and in-depth understanding of when suicidal ideation occurs and how care-experienced people experience suicidal […]

Sleep loss suicidal ideation: The role of trait extraversion

Background: It is known that sleep disturbance is associated with increased suicidal thinking. Moreover, completed suicides, when adjusted for the proportion of the populace that is awake at a given time, are more probable during the late night/early morning hours. Despite these concerns, no studies have examined the role of trait-like individual differences in vulnerability to […]

Pandemic-related impacts and suicidal ideation among adults in Canada: A population-based cross-sectional study

Introduction: Recent evidence has suggested that there has been an increase in suicidal ideation during the COVID-19 pandemic. Our objectives were to estimate the likelihood of suicidal ideation among adults in Canada who experienced pandemic-related impacts and to determine if this likelihood changed during the pandemic. Methods: We analyzed pooled data for 18 936 adults 18 years or […]

Suicidal ideation in a sample of incarcerated men

This article examined the factors associated with thoughts of ending life in a sample of incarcerated men. Data were obtained from the Cancer Risk in Incarcerated Men Study, a pilot study designed to examine cancer health disparities and cancer health education in a racially/ethnically diverse sample of male smokers in three state prisons in the […]

Symptoms of depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder, and suicidal ideation among school nurses in prekindergarten through grade 12 schools United States, March 2022

School nurses are integral to creating safe environments in U.S. schools. Many experienced increased work burden and stress during the COVID-19 pandemic. CDC collaborated with the National Association of School Nurses and the National Association of State School Nurse Consultants to distribute a 121-item online, anonymous survey to school nurses nationwide during March 7-30, 2022. […]

Proximal correlates of suicidal ideation and behaviors: A test of the Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide

Objective The interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide hypothesizes proximal causes of suicidal ideation and behaviors; however, past studies have generally tested distal relations. The present study tested the proximal nature of the theory’s hypotheses. Methods A repeated-measures design collected daily survey data on the theory constructs over 90 days from 206 (150 women) college students with previous […]

Motivational interviewing to address suicidal ideation: A randomized controlled trial in veterans

Objective Although the months following discharge from psychiatric hospitalization are a period of acute risk for veterans, there is a dearth of empirically supported treatments tailored to veterans in acute psychiatric hospitalization. Method We conducted a randomized controlled trial to test the efficacy of Motivational Interviewing to Address Suicidal Ideation (MI-SI) that explored and resolved […]

God bless you? The association of religion and spirituality with reduction of suicide ideation and length of hospital stay among psychiatric patients at risk for suicide

Objective Religion and spirituality (R&S) were protective against suicidal behavior in the majority of studies. In prospective studies, R&S were associated with improved outcome for patients with depression, a main risk factor for suicide. Thus, R&S may also improve recovery from suicidal crisis, but related data is lacking. Method We explored how aspects of R&S […]

A preliminary precision treatment rule for remission of suicide ideation

Objective There is growing interest in the development of composite precision treatment rules (PTRs) to guide the selection of the treatments most likely to be helpful for individual patients. We present here the results of an effort to develop a preliminary PTR for Collaborative Assessment and Management of Suicidality (CAMS) relative to enhanced-care as usual […]

Prospective investigation of the interaction between social problems and neuropsychological characteristics on the development of suicidal ideation

Objective Negative social interactions are known to contribute to the development of suicide ideation. However, it is unclear how this risk factor interacts with other predisposing risk factors. The purpose of this study was to determine how social and neuropsychological factors interact as a prospective predictor of the emergence of suicide ideation in adolescents. Method […]

Suicide-specific cognitions, attentional fixation, and worst-point suicidal ideation

Objective The fluid vulnerability theory of suicide posits that each person has a baseline risk for suicide, which is comprised of both stable and dynamic factors. The current study investigated the unique involvement of suicide-specific cognitions and attentional fixation on recent suicidal ideation (SI) and SI at its worst. Method Data were analyzed from a […]

Suicide ideation among male prisoners: Preliminary evidence that psychopathic traits are indirectly linked to suicide ideation through thwarted interpersonal needs

Background The relation between psychopathic traits and suicide ideation (SI) is frequently discussed but little research has examined potential mechanisms underlying this association. The interpersonal theory of suicide (ITS) proposes two mechanisms in the pathogenesis of suicidal desire: thwarted belongingness (TB) and perceived burdensomeness (PB). This study cross-sectionally tested TB and PB as possible explanatory […]

Internal battles: Examining how anger/hostility moderate the association between negative urgency and suicidal desire variables in military and civilian samples

Objective Suicide is consistently within the top ten leading causes of death in the United States. The suicide rate of National Guard personnel is elevated relative to the general population; however, research suggests that many of the suicide risk factors for military personnel are similar to the suicide risk factors for civilians. We examined whether […]

What differentiates prisoners who attempt suicide from those who experience suicidal ideation? A nationally representative study

Objective Many people who think about suicide do not engage in suicidal behavior. Identifying risk factors implicated in the process of behavioral enaction is crucial for suicide prevention, particularly in high-risk groups such as prisoners. Method Cross-sectional data were drawn from a nationally representative sample of 17,891 prisoners (79% men) in the United States. We […]

Perceived burdensomeness is a curvilinear, short-term predictor of suicide ideation in a community sample of adults

Objective Our primary aim was to test the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide’s synergy hypothesis (i.e., the interaction between perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness) in the proximal prediction of suicide ideation, while accounting for quadratic effects. Method We used MTurk to recruit participants (N = 478) with a lifetime history of suicidal thoughts and behaviors; they completed two batteries of […]

Suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, and neurocognitive dysfunctions among patients with first-episode schizophrenia

Objective To determine whether suicidal ideation or suicide attempts are linked to poor neurocognitive function among individuals with first-episode schizophrenia (FES). Method We performed a cross-sectional study on 159 Chinese inpatients (Mage = 27.1 years; 52.2% females) with minimal-treated FES and collected their suicidal history through interviews and medical records. Neurocognitive performance, psychopathology, and depressive symptoms were assessed […]

Distinguishing veterans with suicidal ideation from suicide attempt history: The role of emotion reactivity

Introduction Growing evidence suggests emotion reactivity—sensitivity and intensity of emotional experience—may represent a diathesis for suicide risk. However, our understanding of its ability to differentiate risk for suicidal ideation (SI) from suicide attempt (SA) is limited. Method This study compares Veterans with SI (n = 81) to Veterans with SA (n = 177) history on factors relevant to emotion […]

Suicidal ideation and attempt among North Korean refugee women in South Korea: Factors that distinguish suicide attempt from suicidal ideation

Background North Korean Refugee Women (NKRW) are at a high risk for suicide. However, few studies have examined risk factors for suicide among NKRW in South Korea. This study aimed to examine factors increasing risk for suicidal ideation and to identify factors differentiating suicide attempt from ideation among NKRW in South Korea. Methods A sample […]