Suicide rates in Nordic prisons 2000-2016

Objective To compare suicide rates of people in prison and the general population in the Nordic countries. Methods Data on deaths by suicide and person-years for people in prison and the general population were obtained for the Nordic countries during 2000–2016. Age-standardized rate ratios were calculated. Results The suicide rate in the Nordic countries overall […]

A Model of Sexual Abuse’s Effects on Suicidal Behavior and Delinquency: the Role of Emotions as Mediating Factors

Drawing on Agnew’s general strain theory, the authors examined whether depressed mood & anger mediated the effects of sexual abuse on suicidal behaviour & delinquency. Participants included 9,113 students attending high school in Iceland. Structural equation modelling showed that, while controlling for family structure & parental education, being exposed to strain in the form of […]

Factors Associated With Suicide Ideation in Adults

This study considered numerous factors potentially related to suicide ideation in adults, including life stress, stress perceptions, social support, personality, alcohol use, chronic conditions, distress symptoms, & sociodemographic background. Using data from a health survey of 825 adults resident in the Reykjavik area, Iceland, it was found that financial hardship, legal stress, family difficulties, stress […]

The Spreading of Suicidal Behavior: the Contextual Effect of Community Household Poverty on Adolescent Suicidal Behavior and the Mediating Role of Suicide Suggestion

Using nested survey data on 5331 Icelandic adolescents in 83 school communities, this study examined the contextual effect of community household poverty on adolescent suicidal behaviour. Findings show the concentration of household poverty in the school-community had a significant, contextual effect on adolescent suicidal behavour. Suicide suggestion mediates a substantial part of the contextual effect […]

The Influence of Social Support Suggestion and Depression on Suicidal Behavior Among Icelandic Youth

Durkheim’s treatment of the social causes of suicide has remained central to sociological theory in general and to sociological treatment of suicide in particular. The two main alternative paradigms for understanding suicide are suicide suggestion and depression. Both these paradigms are derived from 19th-century perspectives rejected by Durkheim. In this paper an attempt is made […]

Antidepressants and Public Health in Iceland

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Suicide and Antidepressant Sales

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Trends in Icelandic Suicide Rates 1951-1990

The objective of this study was to determine trends in suicide rates in the general Icelandic population & among demographic segments of the population. The authors found that numbers of suicides & suicide rates in Iceland 1951-1990 follow a pattern of irregular waves. The average number of suicides grows over time, but the suicide rate […]

Suicidal Ideation and Suicide Attempts in a Population of Icelandic Adolescents

Prevalence of suicide ideation & attempts among Icelandic 9th & 10th graders were estimated in a study reaching 86.8% of the population in March 1992. According to the study 31.3% of these adolescents had at some time had thoughts about completing suicide, 15.7% had seriously considered suicide, 6.1% had attempted suicide, & 3.6% had attempted […]

Homicide in Iceland 1946-1970

This article examined homicide in Iceland from 1946-1970. During this period 21 criminal homicides occurred. The 21 homicides involved 18 incidents & 19 known perpetrators; only one killing is unsolved. In 26% of the cases the offender attempted or completed suicide. 77% of the homicides involved persons under the influence of alcohol. (6 refs) (SC)

Mortality Among Icelandic Nurses

The mortality of 2159 female nurses (all registered nurses in Iceland between 1920-79) was compared with that of the general female population. A long-lasting healthy worker effect was found in the cohort. A moderate excess of suicide was observed. It was concluded that nurses, primarly those employed for long periods, enjoy the benefits of their […]

Manifest Predictors of Past Suicide Attempts in a Population of Icelandic Adolescents

The use of manifest indicators to predict which adolescents have attempted suicide is explored. Manifest predictors in the categories of school, leisure, peer & parent relations, consumption & contact with suicidal behaviour could identify either 1/4 of the population containing three-quarters of all suicide attempters or 2% of the population where two-thirds of those predicted […]

Risk of Fatal Accidents Occurring Other Than at sea Among Icelandic Seamen

The risk of fatal accidents at sea for seamen has been previously documented. The authors now report on mortality rates among Icelandic fishermen, particularly from fatal accidents that occurred other than at sea. An excess of deaths was observed for all external causes of death including suicide. Compared to seamen who started working during 1968-77, […]

Parasuicidal Behaviour in an Emergency Room Population

Characteristics of 357 individuals who showed evidence of parasuicidal behaviour were compared to those of 1092 people who attended a psychiatric emergency clinic for other reasons. Subjects displaying parasuicidal behaviour had a history of previous substance abuse, acute stress reaction & adjustment reaction. These subjects were often alcoholics or depressives. Females dominated this group, which […]

Emergency Psychiatry in a General Hospital

Results from a 3-yr study of 1,449 psychiatric inpatients show that they are often characterized by relatively impaired socioeconomic functioning, suicidal behavior, & substance abuse. High rates of alcoholism were noted , but the reported abuse of illegal drugs was low. One in five admissions was because of suicidal attempts, in another third of the […]

Mortality Among Men Alcoholics in Iceland, 1951-74

This study compared the mortality of different groups of alcoholics in Iceland with the mortality of the country’s male population aged 15 years & over. Age specific, general & cause-specific mortality are investigated, & various factors in these deaths are evaluated. In some 3000 alcoholics followed up from 4-24 years after contact with a treatment […]

Association Between Changes in Psychiatric Services and Increases in Suicide Rates

Psychiatric Aspects of Homicide

Homicide is frequently associated with mental illness and suicide. The present study is an investigation of homicide incidents in Iceland during the past 80 years. Of 45 homicide incidents, 1/3 of the perpetrators were either psychotic, mentally subnormal or committed suicide. Over 60% of the offenders and 50% of the victims were under the influence […]