Variations in suicide risk and risk factors after hospitalization for depression in Finland, 1996-2017

Importance Although incidence of suicide in depression varies remarkably temporally, risk factors have been modeled as constant and remain uncharted in the short term. How effectively factors measured at one point in time predict risk at different time points is unknown. Objective To examine the absolute risk and risk factors for suicide in hospitalized patients […]

Novel telehealth adaptations for evidence-based outpatient suicide treatment: Feasibility and effectiveness of the Crisis Care Program

Background: Suicide rates in the United States have escalated dramatically over the past 20 years and remain a leading cause of death. Access to evidenced-based care is limited, and telehealth is well-positioned to offer novel care solutions. The Crisis Care program is a suicide-specific treatment program delivered within a national outpatient telehealth setting using a digitally […]

Suicidal behavior in persons attended in out-of-hospital emergency services in Spain

Background: The aims of this study were to describe the use of health services by patients attended for suicidal behavior by out-of-hospital emergency services and to identify the variables associated with the repetition of this behavior in Spain. Methods: An analytical, observational, retrospective study was carried out. A total of 554 patients attended by the mobile teams […]

The effect of sex on suicide risk during and after psychiatric inpatient care in 12 countries: An ecological study

Background. Suicide risk in patients is markedly elevated during psychiatric inpatient care, as well as after discharge. However, it is unclear whether, and to what extent, this increased suicide risk varies between sex. Thus, the aim of this study was to analyze sex differences for suicides during and after psychiatric hospitalization in various countries. Methods. […]

Parent and adolescent thoughts about suicide risk screening in pediatric outpatient settings

Suicide rates among adolescents in the United States continue to climb and many at-risk youths are undetected. Screening for suicidal thoughts has become the primary approach to identify those at risk, but no studies have assessed reactions to its deployment in pediatric outpatient settings. This mixed-method study assessed parents’ and adolescents’ thoughts about suicide risk […]

Suicide risk among hospitalized versus discharged deliberate self-harm patients: Generalized random forest analysis using a large claims data set

Introduction: Suicide rates are extremely high among emergency department patients seen for deliberate self-harm. Inpatient hospitalization is often recommended for these patients, but evidence on the suicide prevention impacts of hospitalization is scarce. Confounding by indication and challenges to implementing randomized designs are barriers to advances in this field. Methods: Investigators used 2009-2012 statewide data on 57,312 […]

Hospital-based case management for suicide high-risk group using delphi survey

countries. To reduce suicide rates Emergency Department Based Post-Suicide Attempt Case Management carried out with government funding in South Korea, but it is insufficient to address the issue. Aim of this study is to prevent suicide attempts through continuous provision of mental health services even after discharge from acute care. Methods: We selected 15 mental health […]

Most individuals are seen in outpatient medical settings prior to intentional self-harm and suicide attempts treated in a hospital setting

The objective of this quantitative retrospective study is to understand healthcare patterns prior to self-harm, which may inform prevention efforts and identify intervention sites. Medicaid claims within 30, 60, 90, and 365 days prior to hospital-treated self-harm between 11/1/2015 and 11/1/2016 in New York State (N = 7492) were examined. Numbers and proportions were calculated for all service […]

Predictors of psychiatric outpatient adherence after an emergency room visit for a suicide attempt

Objective This study aimed to investigate the potential correlation between baseline characteristics of individuals visiting an emergency room for a suicide attempt and subsequent psychiatric outpatient treatment adherence. Methods Medical records of 525 subjects, who visited an emergency room at a university-affiliated hospital for a suicide attempt between January 2017 and December 2018 were retrospectively […]

Back from the brink: The experience of hospital after a suicide attempt, and what happens when you go home

Key proponents of suicide prevention around the world have been calling for research to focus on people who have survived a suicide attempt in the belief that people with this experience are an important but neglected source of information, with a great deal to contribute to the field of suicidology. This paper concerns the period […]

The Concise Health Risk Tracking Self-Report (CHRT-SR) assessment of suicidality in depressed outpatients: A psychometric evaluation.

1 Background The 12‐item Concise Health Risk Tracking Self‐Report (CHRT‐SR12) is a brief, self‐report measure that systematically assesses both suicidal thinking and associated thoughts that may indicate the propensity for suicidal acts. It can be used as a tool to both assess risk and guide treatment interventions targeting associated cognitions. 2 Methods This report used […]

Recommended next care following hospital-treated self-harm: Patterns and trends over time.

Objective The specific objectives of this study were to examine variation in the care of self-harm patients in hospital settings and to identify the factors that predict recommended next care following self-harm. Methods Data on consecutive presentations to Irish emergency departments (EDs) involving self-harm from the National Self-Harm Registry Ireland from 2004 to 2012 were […]

Predicting suicide attempts and suicide deaths following outpatient visits using electronic health records.

Objective: The authors sought to develop and validate models using electronic health records to predict suicide attempt and suicide death following an outpatient visit. Method: Across seven health systems, 2,960,929 patients age 13 or older (mean age, 46 years; 62% female) made 10,275,853 specialty mental health visits and 9,685,206 primary care visits with mental health […]

Outpatient care of young people after emergency treatment of deliberate self-harm.

Objective Little is known about the mental health care received by young people after an episode of deliberate self-harm. This study examined predictors of emergency department (ED) discharge, mental health assessments in the ED, and follow-up outpatient mental health care for Medicaid-covered youth with deliberate self-harm. Method A retrospective longitudinal cohort analysis was conducted of […]

Acute behavioral interventions and outpatient treatment strategies with suicidal adolescents.

Despite the prevalence of suicidal thoughts and behaviors among adolescents, there is limited knowledge of effective interventions to use with this population. This paper reviews the findings of studies on behavioral interventions for adolescents who are at acute suicide risk, as well as outpatient treatment and risk management strategies with suicidal adolescents. The importance of […]

Reviewing mindfulness-based interventions for suicidal behavior.

This article describes the rationale for using mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) to prevent suicidal behavior in high suicide-risk individuals. A narrative review of studies testing the feasibility of MBIs with individuals at risk for suicidal behavior and the effectiveness of MBIs for reducing suicidality was conducted. Studies testing the effectiveness of MBIs for reducing deficits specific […]

Family centered brief intensive treatment: A pilot study of an outpatient treatment for acute suicidal ideation.

Family Centered Brief Intensive Treatment (FC BIT), a hospital diversion treatment program for individuals with acute suicidal ideation, was developed to treat suicidal clients and their families. Individuals who met criteria for hospitalization were treated as outpatients using FC BIT (n = 19) or an intensive outpatient treatment without the family component (IOP; n = […]

Gender differences in general and specialty outpatient mental health service use for depression.

This study ascertained gender-specific determinants of outpatient mental health (MH) service use for depression to highlight any gender disparities in barriers to care and explain how depressed men and women in need of care might differ in their help-seeking behaviour.

Clinical and sociodemographic characteristics associated with suicidal ideation in depressed outpatients.


Effects of an emergency department mental health intervention for linking pediatric suicidal patients to follow-up mental health treatment: A randomized controlled trial.

Suicide is the third leading cause of death among adolescents. Many suicidal youths treated in Emergency Departments (EDs) do not receive follow-up treatment, as advocated by our National Strategy for Suicide Prevention. We compared two strategies for improving rates of follow-up treatment. Methods Randomized controlled trial in which suicidal youths at two EDs (N=181; aged […]