Suicides in Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people following hospital admission for suicidal ideation and self-harm: A retrospective cohort data linkage study from the Northern Territory

Purpose: This study aimed to explore risk factors for suicide in Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people following hospital admission for suicidal ideation and self-harm in the Northern Territory, Australia to help clarify opportunities for improved care and intervention for these population groups. Methods: Individuals with at least one hospital admission involving suicidal ideation and/or self-harm between 1 July[…]

Meta-analysis of suicide rates among people discharged from non-psychiatric settings after presentation with suicidal thoughts or behaviours

Objective: To quantify the suicide rate among people discharged from non-psychiatric settings after presentations with suicidal thoughts or behaviours. Method: Meta-analysis of studies reporting suicide deaths among people with suicidal thoughts or behaviours after discharge from emergency departments or the medical or surgical wards of general hospitals. Results: A total of 115 studies reported 167 cohorts and 3747[…]

Serious suicide attempts and risk of suicide death: A case-control study in the US healthcare systems

Background: In the US, more than one million people attempt suicide each year. History of suicide attempt is a significant risk factor for death by suicide; however, there is a paucity of data from the US general population on this relationship. Aim: The objective of this study was to examine suicide attempts needing medical attention as a risk[…]

School supports for reintegration following a suicide-related crisis: A mixed methods study informing hospital recommendations for schools during discharge

The immediate period following psychiatric hospitalization is marked by increased risk for suicide behavior and rehospitalization. Because adolescents commonly return to school settings following hospital discharge, school-related stressors and supports are important considerations for psychiatric treatment and discharge planning. The current study aimed to inform recommendations provided by hospitals to schools to improve school reintegration[…]

Suicide risk after psychiatric discharge: Study protocol of a naturalistic, long-term, prospective observational study

Background
Suicide risk of psychiatric patients has proven to be strongly increased in the months after discharge from a psychiatric hospital. Despite this high risk, there is a lack of systematic research on the causes of this elevated suicide risk as well as a lack of treatment and intervention for patients at high risk[…]

Characteristics associated with later self-harm hospitalization and/or suicide: A follow-up study of the HUNT-2 cohort, Norway

Background
To improve suicide and self-harm prevention in adults, better knowledge on preexisting characteristics and risk factors is of great importance.
Methods
This is a population-based case-control study; baseline measures were collected in the second wave of the North-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT-2, 1995–1997) in Norway, and outcomes were observed for up to[…]

Seasonal trends in hospitalization of attempted suicide and self-inflicted injury in United States adults

Introduction
Suicide is the 10th leading cause of death in the United States (US) and the prevalence continues to increase. It is estimated that there is an average of 25 attempted suicides for every suicide death in the US, and the economic burden of suicide and attempted suicide is high. Identification of those at[…]

Back from the brink: The experience of hospital after a suicide attempt, and what happens when you go home

Key proponents of suicide prevention around the world have been calling for research to focus on people who have survived a suicide attempt in the belief that people with this experience are an important but neglected source of information, with a great deal to contribute to the field of suicidology. This paper concerns the period[…]

Hospital management of suicidal behaviour and subsequent mortality: A prospective cohort study

Background
Self-poisoning and self-injury are associated with a high risk of suicide or death from any cause but the effect of routine aspects of hospital management on mortality risk is unknown.
Methods
We did a prospective cohort study using data for adults who had self-harmed presenting to five emergency departments in the[…]

Suicide ideation in adolescents following inpatient hospitalization: Examination of intensity and liability over 6 months

Understanding suicide ideation (SI) in adolescents, especially during the high‐risk time following hospitalization for a suicidal event, is a crucial component of improving risk assessment. Most studies rely on single assessments of SI, despite the potential for SI to vary considerably over time. This study examined how indices of SI intensity (mean values) and lability[…]