Serial mediation of the relationship between impulsivity and suicidal ideation by depression and hopelessness in depressed patients

Background Close relationships have been observed among impulsivity, depression, hopelessness, and suicidal ideation in depressed patients. However, the precise mechanism that connects these psychological symptoms remains unclear. This study aims to explore the mediation effect of depression and hopelessness on the relationship between impulsivity and suicidal ideation in depressed patients. Methods A total of 258 […]

Relationship between self-esteem and suicidal ideation before and during COVID-19 in a non-clinical sample: Mediating effects of psychological distress and hopelessness

Introduction: Several studies have highlighted the impact of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic on suicide. Accordingly, investigating the risk factors of suicide during this crisis is important. Based on the escape theory of suicide, the current study examined the serial mediating roles of psychological distress and hopelessness in the relationship between self-esteem and suicidal ideation. […]

Suicidal ideation and risky behavior are related through impulsivity and low wish to live

Objective: Numerous studies have found support for the relationship between suicide and risky behavior. However, few studies have examined factors that may help explain the relationship between suicidal ideation (SI) and risky behavior. This preregistered study examined the relationship between SI and risky behavior and whether there is an indirect relationship through hopelessness, impulsivity, and low […]

Measuring suicidal ideation among drug addicts in the rehabilitation center

The prevalence of suicide among drug addicts is common and one of the biggest challenges faced by society. Studies have found that substance use is associated with suicide ideation. Early detection of suicidal intent among addicts is important to ensure they do not take further action to prevent suicidal acts. This study used a psychometric […]

Clinical and socio-demographic correlates of suicidal intent among young adults: a study from South India

Background: Intent in attempted suicide is considered an indicator of subsequent suicide. Few studies in developing countries have examined correlates of suicidal intent among young adults. Aims: This study aimed to assess the intent score among a sample of young suicide attempters from South India and to identify the factors associated with suicide intent among them. Method: The […]

Suicide and impossible worlds: An empirical investigation of worlds theory

Background: Suicide has a devastating impact on both survivors and society, and many obstacles to improving prevention efforts stem from our inadequate understanding of suicidality. A potential source of this shortcoming is that the majority of empirical studies focus only on a single specified etiology of suicide. Aims: To address this limitation, we present a further promising […]

Meaning in life as a protective factor against suicidal tendencies in Chinese university students

Background A substantial increase in rates of suicide worldwide, especially among late adolescents and young adults, has been observed. It is important to identify specific risk and protective factors for suicide-related behaviors among late adolescents and young adults. Identifying specific factors across the masses, not only in the Western, but also in the Asian context, […]

Sadness, hopelessness and suicide attempts in bullying: Data from the 2018 Iowa youth survey

Background Bullying in schools is a common problem that can have significant consequences on the mental health of both bullies and victims of bullying. Some estimates suggest that 30% of American youth are bullied. Self-reported incidence of depression, anxiety, and suicide attempts has been correlated with bullying. Victims may also suffer from a variety of […]

Surviving suicide: The realities faced by suicide survivors

Suicide survivors are oftentimes overlooked within the scope of suicide studies, however, it is just as crucial to gain a better understanding of the transition from suicide ideation, to long-term recovery, and in that vein, this study will attempt to examine these transitional thought processes utilizing IPA. In-depth interviews of 19 Malaysian survivors of suicide, […]

Relations between interpersonal hopelessness and help-seeking intentions and behaviors in suicidal individuals

Background: Due to an increasing suicide rate, risk factors for suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STBs) are an important target for research. Furthermore, individuals experiencing STBs often do not seek help. This highlights the need to assess factors that are associated with help-seeking intentions and behaviors. Aim: The current study examines the role of interpersonal hopelessness in help-seeking intentions […]

Coping competence and hopelessness moderate the influence of perceived burdensomeness on suicidal ideation in undergraduate college students

According to the interpersonal theory of suicide, the perception of imposing a burden on loved ones increases the risk for suicidal ideation. Little research, however, has examined the interaction of burdensomeness with cognitive variables in predicting suicidal ideation in college students even though the relationship between burdensomeness and ideation may be contingent on levels of […]

The relationship between suicide and hopelessness in young adults aged 18-30: A systematic review

INTRODUCTION: This review presents a number of studies that assessed the concept of hopelessness in individuals aged 18 to 30 with a history of suicidal ideation and suicide attempt. METHODS: The Turkish Citation Index, TR Index, Turkish Psychiatric Index, Wiley Online Library, PubMed, and Science Direct databases were reviewed between January and February 2021, and […]

Presence and predictors of suicide ideation in a clinical outpatient context

Background: It is of vital importance to study the risk factors associated with suicidal behaviour. The purpose of this study is to analyse the presence of suicide ideation and related factors in an applied clinical environment. Method: A correlative-predictive study is conducted with a sample of 180 adult patients, 64% women, with an average age […]

A longitudinal network analysis of the interactions of risk and protective factors for suicidal potential in early adolescents

Few studies have applied the “ideation-to-action” theories and the buffering hypothesis of resilience to suicide in early adolescents, and existing research is primarily cross-sectional. This study examined the interactions between risk factors (i.e., thwarted belongingness, perceived burdensomeness, and hopelessness), protective factors (i.e., resilience, self-efficacy, and subjective happiness), and suicidal potential (i.e., family distress, anxious-impulsive depression, […]

The link between discrimination and worst point suicidal ideation among sexual and gender minority adults

Objective Sexual and gender minority (SGM) adults often report a disproportionately high rate of suicidal ideation compared to their heterosexual and cisgender counterparts. The current study aimed to understand the relationship between discrimination for one’s sexual orientation or gender identity and suicidal ideation. We hypothesized that discrimination would be associated with suicidal ideation at one’s […]

Explicit and implicit hopelessness and self-injury

Objective This study examined the relationship between explicit and implicit measures of hopelessness and self-injurious behavior (defined here as self-harming or suicidal actions and thoughts). Method A community sample of 267 participants completed explicit measures of hopelessness (Beck’s Hopelessness Scale and a Feeling Thermometer), an implicit measure of hopelessness (Hopelessness Implicit Association Test), and a […]

Being certain that negative events will happen or that positive events will not happen: Depressive predictive certainty and change in suicide ideation over time

Introduction Relatively little research has examined the precise components of hopelessness that increase vulnerability to suicidal thinking. We examined whether certainty about an absence of positive future outcomes (Certainty-AP) would more strongly predict suicide ideation over time than certainty about negative future outcomes (Certainty-N). Method Young adults (N = 208), ages 18–34 (M = 19.08, SD = 2.22), with either recent suicide […]

Perfectionistic self-presentation, socially prescribed perfectionism, self-oriented perfectionism, interpersonal hopelessness, and suicidal ideation in U.S. adults: Reexamining the social disconnection model

Objective Research has linked perfectionism to increased suicidal ideation (SI), although less is known regarding the mechanisms that explain this relation. The Perfectionism Social Disconnection Model (PSDM) posits that interpersonal aspects of perfectionism cause interpersonal problems (e.g., hostility, loneliness) which in turn increase a person’s risk for experiencing SI. The present study aimed to replicate […]

Hopelessness, interpersonal, and emotion dysregulation perspectives on suicidal ideation: Tests in a clinical sample

Objective The present study directly compared three perspectives of suicidality: Interpersonal Theory of Suicide (IPTS), Hopelessness Theory, and a perspective emphasizing emotion dysregulation. Method 219 adults seeking outpatient psychological services completed questionnaires during intake between November 2015 and February 2019. Patients were included if they completed surveys related to thwarted belongingness (TB), perceived burdensomeness (PB), […]

Examining nonsuicidal self-injury features as motivational moderators in the relationship between hopelessness and suicide ideation

Objective Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a robust predictor of suicide ideation and attempts, but it is not clear how and why this connection is so strong. Using the Integrated Motivational-Volitional Model of suicide as a framework, select features of NSSI were examined as motivational moderators between hopelessness and suicide ideation. Method Data were collected from […]

Higher suicide intent in patients attempting suicide with violent methods versus self-poisoning: A prospective study from Norway

Background: Suicidal intent for patients attempting suicide using violent methods (VMs) is assumed to be higher than for those using self-poisoning (SP), which may explain the higher mortality observed in follow-up studies. However, this has not been studied prospectively. Aims: We aimed to compare patients attempting suicide using VMs with those using SP regarding suicidal intent, suicidal ideation, […]

Does hopelessness accurately predict how bad you will feel in the future? Initial evidence of affective forecasting errors in individuals with elevated suicide

Background Forecasts about the future can dictate actions and behaviors performed in the present moment. Given that periods of elevated acute suicide risk often consist of elevated negative affect and hopelessness, individuals during these periods may more bias-prone and make decisions (e.g., suicide attempts) based on inaccurate affective forecasts about their futures (e.g., overestimating future […]

Association among early life stress, mood features, hopelessness and suicidal risk in bipolar disorder: The potential contribution of insomnia symptoms

Aim The study aimed to investigate the potential pathways mediating early exposure to stressful events and the clinical manifestations of bipolar disorder (BD), such as severity of mood symptoms, hopelessness and suicidal ideation, focusing on the potential role of insomnia symptoms. Method A sample of 162 adult participants with BD I or II were assessed during depressed phase […]