Does hopelessness accurately predict how bad you will feel in the future? Initial evidence of affective forecasting errors in individuals with elevated suicide

Background
Forecasts about the future can dictate actions and behaviors performed in the present moment. Given that periods of elevated acute suicide risk often consist of elevated negative affect and hopelessness, individuals during these periods may more bias-prone and make decisions (e.g., suicide attempts) based on inaccurate affective forecasts about their futures (e.g., overestimating[…]

Association among early life stress, mood features, hopelessness and suicidal risk in bipolar disorder: The potential contribution of insomnia symptoms

Aim
The study aimed to investigate the potential pathways mediating early exposure to stressful events and the clinical manifestations of bipolar disorder (BD), such as severity of mood symptoms, hopelessness and suicidal ideation, focusing on the potential role of insomnia symptoms.
Method
A sample of 162 adult participants with BD I or II were assessed[…]

Quality of life, hopelessness, impulsivity, and suicide in the rural elderly in China: A moderated mediation analysis of psychological autopsy data

Background People who had died by suicide always being associated with negative emotions and even mental disorders. Understanding mechanisms underlying the association between quality of life (QOL), hopelessness, and suicide are of great significance. In this study, we aimed to test a model in which the QOL-suicide relationship was mediated by hopelessness and moderated by[…]

Suicide risk after suicide bereavement: The role of loss-related characteristics, mental health, and hopelessness

Background
Suicide bereavement is associated with increased risk for severe negative mental health outcomes and suicidality. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between mental health symptoms and suicidal ideation among suicide bereaved while taking multiple factors into account.
Methods
The sample consisted of N = 157 German suicide bereaved who were interested in receiving an online[…]

Meaning in life as a mediator of the associations among depression, hopelessness and suicidal ideation: A path analysis

Introduction
Meaning in life can be good protective factor against depression, hopelessness and suicidal ideation.
Aim
To analyse the mediating effect of meaning in life on the associations among hopelessness, depression and suicidal ideation.
Method
A cross‐sectional study was conducted among 90 patients diagnosed with depression. A structural equation modelling[…]

Refinement of the role of hopelessness in the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide: An exploration in an inpatient adolescent sample

Hopelessness is a well-established risk factor for suicidal ideation. Recent research has indicated that hopelessness can be split into two subsets: pessimism (PESS) and lack of optimism (LOO) and that LOO is more salient of the two in predicting suicide ideation (SI). The aim of this study was to examine the relationship of PESS and[…]

Hopelessness, dissociative symptoms, and suicide risk in major depressive disorder: Clinical and biological correlates

Background: Major depressive disorder (MDD) has different clinical presentations and is associated with neurobiological alterations. Hopelessness, anhedonia, and dissociation represent some of the most pervasive psychopathological symptoms that often lead to suicidal thoughts, attempts, and actions. To further research on the concept of depression endophenotypes, this study aimed to assess the possible relationships between hopelessness and[…]

Asylum-seeking children with resignation syndrome: Catatonia or traumatic withdrawal syndrome?

In the beginning of the 2000s, an increasing number of asylum-seeking children in Sweden fell into a stuporous condition. In the present study, we report 46 consecutive children with the most severe form of this illness where the children were unable to give any response at all, did not react to pain, cold or touching,[…]

Neurobiological elements of hopelessness and impulsivity in suicidal behavior

Suicide is an important public health problem. Besides the well-known psychosocial factors that contribute to suicidal behavior, the neurobiological factors have gained much visibility in the last years. The neurobiological studies in suicide were linked with psychiatric disorders or they were considered in an independent way. The emphasis on the biological aspects of suicide has[…]

Loneliness, hopelessness and suicide in later life: A case-controlled psychological autopsy study in rural China

Aims: Loneliness is increasingly recognised as a serious public health issue worldwide. However, there is scarce research addressing the association between loneliness and suicide in older adults in rural China. We set out to examine loneliness and other psychosocial factors in elderly suicide cases and explore their interaction effects. Methods: Using a 1 : 1 matched case-control[…]