The role of hope and resilience in protecting against suicidal thoughts and behaviors during the COVID-19 pandemic

Objective The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted the mental health and wellbeing of populations across the world. This study aimed to examine: (1) which specific aspects of the COVID-19 pandemic were associated with the presence of suicidal thoughts and behaviors, and (2) the extent to which participants’ hopelessness and resilience moderated the relationship between COVID-19 related […]

Relationship of self-compassion, hope, and emotional control to perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, and suicidal ideation

Background: Cultivating positive feelings of self in relationships with others can affect perceptions of belongingness and burdensomeness. Aims: The present study examines the relationships of self-compassion, hope, and emotional control to thwarted belongingness, perceived burdensomeness, and suicidal ideation. Method: Participants were 481 college students who completed scales measuring self-compassion, hope, emotional control, thwarted belongingness, perceived burdensomeness, and suicidal ideation. Results: Correlation and […]

Hope as a process in understanding positive mood and suicide protection: A test of the broaden-and-build model

Background: According to the broaden-and-build model of positive mood, positive emotions are believed to broaden cognition resources and build psychological resiliency, to help incur positive psychological outcomes. Aim: We examined hope as a potential mediator of the association between positive mood and suicide protection (viz., life satisfaction and reasons for living) in adults. We hypothesized that positive mood […]

The hope & wellness screening toolkit: Developing a community based suicide and substance use screening program for American Indians and Alaska Natives

Suicide is a leading cause of death in the U.S. In American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) urban communities and rural reservation communities, youth experience high rates of suicidal ideation, attempts, and deaths. An urban AI organization partnered with a university to respond to this crisis with SAMHSA funds that supported the development and implementation of youth […]

Biblical versus Greek narratives for suicide prevention and life promotion: Releasing hope from Pandora’s urn

Although suicide has been unfortunately stigmatized unfairly through the ages, we should not make the mistake of going to the opposite extreme and valorizing it. We should not forget that the major role of health care professionals is to prevent suicide when possible and to invigorate the underlying life force in the person. Suicide is […]

Role of hope and resilience in the outcome of depression and related suicidality

Depression is a common disease that reduces the quality of life and limits seriously patient’s psychosocial functioning. The aim of this study is to investigate the role of hope and resilience in depressive disease outcomes and suicidality. Seven rating scales (Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale, Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression, Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale, Hospital Anxiety […]

Alternatives to suicide: Beyond risk and toward a life worth living

The book summarizes the existing literature and outlines a new focus on the dynamic interplay of risk and resilience that leads to a life-focus approach to suicide prevention. It calls for a treatment approach that enhances the opportunity to collaboratively engage clients in discussion about their lives. Providing a new perspective on how to approach […]

Effect of external locus-of-hope on acquired capability for suicide

Objective Of the three factors posited by Joiner’s interpersonal theory of suicide as necessary before suicide can occur, increased hope has been shown to reduce two (thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness), but, counterintuitively, to increase the 3rd (acquired capability for suicide). A fuller understanding of this phenomenon may lie with Bernardo’s locus‐of‐hope construct—pursuant to which […]

Inspiring hope: A physician’s responsibility, translating the science into clinical practice

Giving hope to patients is our responsibility. It is the essence of a meaningful practice in medicine. Science now allows us to understand this complex and multidimensional human dynamic, and translate it into clinical practice. Quantitative research has shown hope is strong even in terminal illness. Through qualitative methodology hope fostering strategies and hope hindering […]

Relationship status and suicidal behavior in gay men: The role of thwarted belongingness and hope

Objective Levels of suicidal behavior among gay men are a significant concern. The Interpersonal Theory of Suicide proposes that being unpartnered is a risk factor for suicidal behavior due to thwarted belongingness; however, this has yet to be tested empirically. Recent studies also indicate that the two components of hope, agency and pathways, may be […]

Adolescent boys who are suicidal.

In Adolescent Boys Who Are Suicidal, David A. Jobes demonstrates his integrative, problem-solving approach to working with male adolescents who have contemplated or attempted suicide. Preliminary research suggests that although men and male adolescents are more likely to complete suicide compared to females, there is evidence to suggest clinical success if they are engaged in […]

An investigation of the relationship between rumination styles, hope, and suicide ideation through the lens of the integrated motivational-volitional model of suicidal behavior.

To investigate the roles specific ruminative styles (brooding and reflection) and hope play in the Integrated Motivational-Volitional (IMV) model of suicidal behavior. Participants were students from a large U.S. state university who were selectively sampled for the experience of recent suicide ideation. Results of a bootstrapped moderated mediation model indicated that defeat had a direct […]

Moderating role of trait hope in the relation between painful and provocative events and acquired capability for suicide.

Journal held in CSP Library.

Purpose in life and well-being: The relationship between purpose in life, hope, coping, and inward sensitivity among first-year university students.

The present study investigated the relationship between purpose in life, hope, coping, and spiritual sensitivity among a sample of 166 first year psychology students. Family support and hopefulness predicted strong purpose in life. Inward sensitivity, together with agency thinking as part of hopefulness, notably increased the predictive variance of strong purpose in life. Positive correlations […]

The role of hope and optimism in suicide risk for American Indians/Alaska Natives.

Results showed that hope and optimism negatively predicted thwarted belongingness, perceived burdensomeness, and suicidal ideation. However, these results were not found for acquired capability. Overall, this study suggests that higher levels of hope and optimism are associated with lower levels of suicidal ideation, thwarted belongingness, and perceived burdensomeness in this American Indian/Alaska Native sample.

Hope and the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior: Replication and extension of prior findings.

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Rumination and suicidal ideation: The moderating roles of hope and optimism.

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