Undergraduate students’ exposure, knowledge, utilization, and intended use of the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline

Background:┬áSuicide is a leading cause of death among college students. Crisis hotlines play a role in linking suicidal individuals to help. Despite leading to favorable outcomes, low utilization of crisis outlines has been reported. Aims:┬áTo explore exposure, knowledge, and utilization of the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline (NSPL) among a sample of university students; to determine […]

Animal models of suicide trait-related behaviors

Although antidepressants are at least moderately effective in treating major depressive disorder (MDD), concerns have arisen that selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are associated with suicidal thinking and behavior, especially in children, adolescents, and young adults. Virtually no experimental research in model systems has considered the mechanisms by which SSRIs may be associated with this […]

Potential suicide ideation and its association with observing bullying at school.

To explore those contextual factors that predict potential suicide ideation among students who observe bullying at school. Perceived helplessness is significantly associated with potential suicide ideation among students who observe bullying at school.

Police Officer-Assisted Suicide: a Phoenix Police Chaplain’s Perspective (In: Suicide and Law Enforcement, edited by D C Sheehan & J I Warren)

This chapter makes 3 points: training can inoculate against grief & helplessness in suicide by cop situations; value-based policing with regard to authority & citizenship security is a teachable moral code that does not violate personal rights or officer safety; & retraining for those with past experience in the military needs to be evaluated because […]

A Brief Research Note: Helplessness, Hopelessness, and Haplessness as Predictors of Suicidal Ideation: a Cross-Cultural Study

Scales to measure helplessness & hopelessness were found to have good reliability & were significantly correlated with suicide ideation in a sample of 330 undergraduates from Turkey & 419 American undergraduates. (7 refs.)

College of the Overwhelmed: The Campus Mental Health Crisis and What to do About it

This book addresses the extraordinary increase in serious mental illness & self-destructive behaviours on American college campuses. The first part of the book addresses: normal developmental issues; pressures & competition in academics, extracurricular activities, parental expectations, & racial & cultural relations; financial worries & social fears; & crises on campus: feeling helpless & hopeless (including […]

Hopelessness, Helplessness, and Haplessness as Predictors of Suicidal Ideation

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Theoretical Grounding: the “Missing Link” in Suicide Research

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Social-Psychological Underpinnings of the Integrated Model (IN: The Currents of Lethal Violence: an Integrated Model of Suicide & Homicide, ed. by Unnithan et al)

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The Contemplation of Suicide: its Relationship to Irrational Beliefs in a Client Sample and the Implications for Long Range Suicide Prevention

This study investigated differences in irrational belief systems between clients in psychotherapy who reported they were contemplating suicide & those who reported they were not. Those contemplating suicide were found to be significantly more irrational on a number of basic dimensions. The general composite picture of those contemplating suicide is presented & discussed. (92 refs)

Anguish and Despair in Adolescents With Eating Disorders: Helping to Manage Suicidal Ideation and Impulses

This paper outlines four particularly salient clinical themes underlying despair in young people, that have significant implications for treatment. A practice perspective is discussed which emphasizes empathic listening & the development of a strong therapeutic alliance with the adolescent. Treatment recommendations draw from narrative theory & practice, & from feminist perspectives. The paper also draws […]

Suicidal Threats and Therapists’ Helplessness

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Suicidal Behaviour: cry for Help or cry of Pain?

This article is a discussion on the book Cry of Pain: Understanding Suicide and Self Harm by Mark Williams. The author suggests that suicidal people do not “cry for help” but rather their cry is one of agony of one trapped in an intolerable situation. He writes that suicide & parasuicide are merely different responses […]

Homicide Followed by Suicide: an Analysis of Chicago Data

The thesis that the closer the ties between the offender & victim in a homicide, the greater the ensuing guilt & the greater the likelihood of suicide was tested. 16,425 homicides in Chicago are analyzed. Results largely confirm the hypothesis. Controlling for sociodemographic variables, killing an ex-spouse/lover increased the risk of suicide the most, 12.68 […]

The Befriender’s Duty to the Suicidal

The primary aim of Befrienders International is to be available to offer emotional support to those passing through personal crisis & in imminent danger of taking their own lives. This article discusses 3 factors that characterize the suicidal (ambivalence, sense of isolation, & feelings of compulsion), suggests ways for crisis line volunteers to interact with […]

Alternative Techniques for Crisis Intervention With Suicidal Clients

The Mystery Within: Understanding Police Suicide

Although considerable obstacles hinder the study of police suicide, mounting evidence suggests that self-inflicted deaths in the law enforcement profession are increasing – a trend that began in the 1980s. This article reports on studies, notes research problems, & discusses identified factors. Suicides were found to be more common among older officers & related to […]

Suicide in Canadian Aboriginal Peoples: Causes and Prevention (IN: The Path to Healing, by the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples)

Societal causes of suicide in Canadian Aborginal peoples, and methods of prevention, are discussed. The economic history of the Micmacs is given to show how poverty contributes to the suicide rate. Anomie, a condition in which all societal values lose structure, is another factor, as much of their culture has been eroded. Prevention strategies are […]

Suicide in the North American Indian: Causes and Prevention. Transcribed and Edited Proceedings of the 1985 Meeting of the Canadian Psychiatric Association Section on Native Mental Health

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Powerlessness

This presentation discusses sources of power & powerlessness for Native students. The author uses the example of Native students she has taught to suggest that hopefulness is their source of power. There are 3 dimensions of power: personal, interpersonal & functional. Suicides/suicide attempters have many characteristics of powerless people (e.g. non-parental caretakers, recent arrests, breaks […]

Schools and Military Crises (IN: What Will we do? Preparing a School Community to Cope With Crises, ed. by R G Stevenson)

This chapter offers guidelines for helping children during a military crisis with focus on military children. Adjustment problems, preparatory activities & interventions after departure are discussed. Military children are routinely faced with many losses. But during war & absence of a parent/family member on assignment, additional reactions to emerge may include: physical symptoms, feelings of […]

Suicide Career: a Young Woman’s Story in Phenomenological Perspective

In this article, a suicidal woman diagnosed as catatonic schizophrenic told her story in a state mental hospital as part of a wider study of young suicide attempters’ unmet needs. Her account revealed much about her life history, suicide career, problems of living, needs for help, & perceptions of relevant systems. An expectation of not […]

The Relationship Between Sexual Abuse and Female Suicidal Behavior

This study investigated the relationship between suicide attempts and a history of sexual abuse. Sexually abused suicide attempters had shown more suicidal behaviour in the past than non-sexually abused counterparts, and were characterized by a more severe problem history. It is concluded that within a goup of female suicide attempters, those with a history of […]