Suicide prevention: A competency framework for the health sector

Suicide Prevention Australia, in collaboration with its members and stakeholders, have developed Suicide Prevention: A competency framework (the Framework) to enhance and build capacity, and capability of the non-clinical suicide prevention workforce to respond to people experiencing suicidal thoughts and behaviours. The Framework is informed by, and brings together, knowledge experts in workplace suicide prevention and suicide […]

Pedianomics: The social return on investment in improving the health and wellbeing of children and adolescents

The report is a comprehensive assessment of the past 5 years of investments in the lives of 8 million young Canadians, making the case to put children first during budget planning. It presents new data on the multi-billion dollar impact of the recent tripledemic pediatric crisis and lack of progress in improving children’s health, with […]

Physical health problems as a suicide precipitant: Associations with other risk factors and suicide methods in three age groups of older decedents

Background and Objectives: Physical health problems are a significant late-life suicide precipitant. This study’s purpose was to examine differences in (i) other suicide precipitants and psychiatric/substance use problems, and (ii) suicide methods (firearms, hanging/suffocation, and poisoning) in 3 age groups (55–64, 65–74, and 75+) of older suicide decedents who had physical health problems as a […]

Perception of health, suicidal ideation, and suicide attempt among adults in the community

Background: There is a well-known association between perception of poor physical health and higher rates of physical and psychological morbidity. However, little is known about the possible link between perception of health and suicidality. Aims: The study examines the relationship between perception of poor health and suicidal ideation and suicide attempt among adults in the community. Methods: Data […]

CMA National Physician Health Survey: A national snapshot

How many physicians report burnout or screen positive for depression? The 2018 report on the CMA National Physician Health Survey provides valuable baseline data on a range of wellness indicators for physicians and residents in Canada, providing breakdowns by gender, years of practice, and urban/rural.

Health-related quality of life in children, adolescents and young adults with self-harm or suicidality: A systematic review

Objective: Self-harm and suicidality are associated with substantial social and economic burden, especially among children, adolescents and young adults. The aim of this review was to systematically synthesize the literature on the association between health-related quality of life and self-harm/suicidality in children, adolescents and young adults. Methods: Searches were conducted via MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, EconLit […]

Incidence and comparison of suicide in various phases of the menstrual cycle: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Background: Suicide is a global health concern. There are reproductive health-related factors that are responsible for increasing the risk of female suicide. There are a number of studies examining the association between suicide and the menstrual cycle, but still, there are no conclusive findings. Aim: We aimed to pool data from all the studies reporting data on […]

The impact of adverse childhood experiences on health problems: evidence from four birth cohorts dating back to 1900

Background: We examined the relationship of the number of adverse childhood experiences (ACE score) to six health problems among four successive birth cohorts dating back to 1900 to assess the strength and consistency of these relationships in face of secular influences the 20th century brought in changing health behaviors and conditions. We hypothesized that the ACE […]

Mental health services use and depressive symptom scores among gay and bisexual men in Canada

Purpose To evaluate the association between mental health services (MHS) use and depressive symptom scores among gay and bisexual men (GBM) and compare with heterosexual men in Canada. Methods We used data from the 2015–2016 cycles of the Canadian Community Health Survey. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the PHQ-9 questionnaire (prior two weeks). MHS consultations […]

National report of the First Nations Regional Health Survey: Phase3 Volume 1

This report is the culmination of five years of hard work by thousands of passionate, dedicated people working in a variety of capacities, including survey coordination, management, and development led by the  staff of FNIGC’s national offices, and survey deployment, coordination and data gathering led by our Regional Partners. Most importantly, we acknowledge the more […]

The role of context in shaping the relationship between physical health and suicide over the life course

U.S. suicide rates are at a thirty-year high while physical health, as measured by life expectancy and pain, has declined, particularly for those without a college degree. We investigate how these patterns may be related by exploring the role of physical health problems in suicide deaths using 2019 data from the National Violent Death Reporting […]

Exploring Métis health, spirituality and well-being: a patient-oriented community-based qualitative study with the Métis Nation of Alberta – Region 3

Background: There is a lack of Métis-guided participatory research on factors that contribute to individual, family and community well-being, such as developing social support and engaging in cultural, social and historical processes for healing and health. The purpose of this study was to explore links among health, spirituality and well-being within the Métis Nation of Alberta […]

A question of justice: Critically researching suicide with Indigenous studies of affect, biosociality, and land-based relations

This paper considers how Indigenous studies can inform the evolution of critical research on suicide. Aligned with critiques of mainstream suicidology, these methodological approaches provide a roadmap for structural analysis of complex systems and logics in which the phenomenon of suicide emerges. Moving beyond mere naming of social determinants of suicide and consistent with calls […]

Health information, research and planning: An information resource for First Nations health planners

Health Information, Research and Planning defines fundamental concepts in health research and public health, and explains them in a manner that is relevant to First Nations health planners, administrators and leadership. This information is intended to get readers thinking about how health information can be used to support and enhance the development and delivery of […]

Homelessness: Care for the most vulnerable – a narrative review of risk factors, health needs, stigma, and intervention strategies

Purpose of review To summarize the most recent literature on risk factors of homelessness, mental, and somatic health needs, healthcare use, stigma as well as intervention strategies for people experiencing homelessness. Recent findings Studies identified adverse life events as well as mental health problems like drug use or suicidality as significant predictors of becoming homeless. Prevalence rates […]

Health measures of Eeyouch (Cree) who are eligible to participate in the on-the-land Income Security Program in Eeyou Istchee (northern Quebec, Canada)

Background Participation in on-the-land programs that encourage traditional cultural activities may improve health and well-being. The Income Security Program (ISP) − a financial incentive-based on-the-land program − for Eeyouch (Cree) hunters and trappers in Eeyou Istchee was created as a result of the 1975 James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement to help mitigate the effects of hydroelectric development on the Cree […]

Telehealth and indigenous populations around the world: A systematic review on current modalities for physical and mental health

Approximately 370–500 million Indigenous people live worldwide. While Indigenous peoples make up only 5% of the world’s population, they account for 15% of the extreme poor and have life expectancy that is 20 years shorter than that of non-Indigenous people. Access to healthcare has been identified as an important social determinant of health and key […]

Recessions and health: The long-term health consequences of responses to coronavirus

The current lockdown and social distancing measures brought about by the coronavirus crisis, coupled with the direct effects of the virus on workers and firms, are having a huge impact on economies in the UK and around the world. Existing literature on the health impacts of business-cycle fluctuations and recessions shows that the resulting economic […]

A latent class analysis of health lifestyles and suicidal behaviors among US adolescents

Background Previous studies have documented the link between individual health behaviors and suicide, but little is known about the influence of health lifestyles on suicide among adolescents. This study aims to identify the unobserved patterns of health behaviors and to examine their associations with adolescent suicidal behaviors to inform screening of suicidality. Methods Data were […]

Suicidal thoughts in low-income adolescents: A longitudinal analysis

Objectives The aim of this study was to identify whether suicidal ideation in low-income adolescents is influenced by social environment and social support. Methods We performed a growth curve model using a sample of 6687 low-income adolescents living in the Mobile, AL Metropolitan Statistical Area. The outcome for the present study was whether the participant […]

Spaces of hope? Youth perspectives on health and wellness in indigenous communities

This article addresses an apparent paradox between academic and policy depictions of American Indian reservations as “broken” and “unhealthy” places, and Indigenous youth perceptions of reservations as spaces of “health” and “wellness.” Public health literature often frames reservations as damaged, health-denying places, chronicling the extraordinarily high rates of suicide, substance abuse, as well as vast health disparities. Despite these dire statistics, […]

Do physical disabilities differentiate between suicidal ideation and attempts? An examination within the lens of the ideation to action framework of suicide

Objectives This study examined histories of suicidality among those with and without physical disabilities. Physical disabilities were anticipated to differentiate those with a history of suicide attempts from those with a history of ideation only after accounting for the presence of health conditions and other correlates. Methods Participants were 374 adults (M age = 36.08; 55.61% female; […]

Governmental illegitimacy and incompetency in Canada and other liberal nations: Implications for health

The welfare state literature on developing nations is concerned with how governmental illegitimacy and incompetency are the sources of inequality, exploitation, exclusion, and domination of significant proportions of their citizenry. These dimensions clearly contribute to the problematic health outcomes in these nations. In contrast, developed nations are assumed to grapple with less contentious issues of […]