The impact of adverse childhood experiences on health problems: evidence from four birth cohorts dating back to 1900

Background: We examined the relationship of the number of adverse childhood experiences (ACE score) to six health problems among four successive birth cohorts dating back to 1900 to assess the strength and consistency of these relationships in face of secular influences the 20th century brought in changing health behaviors and conditions. We hypothesized that the ACE […]

Mental health services use and depressive symptom scores among gay and bisexual men in Canada

Purpose To evaluate the association between mental health services (MHS) use and depressive symptom scores among gay and bisexual men (GBM) and compare with heterosexual men in Canada. Methods We used data from the 2015–2016 cycles of the Canadian Community Health Survey. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the PHQ-9 questionnaire (prior two weeks). MHS consultations […]

National report of the First Nations Regional Health Survey: Phase3 Volume 1

This report is the culmination of five years of hard work by thousands of passionate, dedicated people working in a variety of capacities, including survey coordination, management, and development led by the  staff of FNIGC’s national offices, and survey deployment, coordination and data gathering led by our Regional Partners. Most importantly, we acknowledge the more […]

The role of context in shaping the relationship between physical health and suicide over the life course

U.S. suicide rates are at a thirty-year high while physical health, as measured by life expectancy and pain, has declined, particularly for those without a college degree. We investigate how these patterns may be related by exploring the role of physical health problems in suicide deaths using 2019 data from the National Violent Death Reporting […]

Exploring Métis health, spirituality and well-being: a patient-oriented community-based qualitative study with the Métis Nation of Alberta – Region 3

Background: There is a lack of Métis-guided participatory research on factors that contribute to individual, family and community well-being, such as developing social support and engaging in cultural, social and historical processes for healing and health. The purpose of this study was to explore links among health, spirituality and well-being within the Métis Nation of Alberta […]

A question of justice: Critically researching suicide with Indigenous studies of affect, biosociality, and land-based relations

This paper considers how Indigenous studies can inform the evolution of critical research on suicide. Aligned with critiques of mainstream suicidology, these methodological approaches provide a roadmap for structural analysis of complex systems and logics in which the phenomenon of suicide emerges. Moving beyond mere naming of social determinants of suicide and consistent with calls […]

Health information, research and planning: An information resource for First Nations health planners

Health Information, Research and Planning defines fundamental concepts in health research and public health, and explains them in a manner that is relevant to First Nations health planners, administrators and leadership. This information is intended to get readers thinking about how health information can be used to support and enhance the development and delivery of […]

Homelessness: Care for the most vulnerable – a narrative review of risk factors, health needs, stigma, and intervention strategies

Purpose of review To summarize the most recent literature on risk factors of homelessness, mental, and somatic health needs, healthcare use, stigma as well as intervention strategies for people experiencing homelessness. Recent findings Studies identified adverse life events as well as mental health problems like drug use or suicidality as significant predictors of becoming homeless. Prevalence rates […]

Health measures of Eeyouch (Cree) who are eligible to participate in the on-the-land Income Security Program in Eeyou Istchee (northern Quebec, Canada)

Background Participation in on-the-land programs that encourage traditional cultural activities may improve health and well-being. The Income Security Program (ISP) − a financial incentive-based on-the-land program − for Eeyouch (Cree) hunters and trappers in Eeyou Istchee was created as a result of the 1975 James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement to help mitigate the effects of hydroelectric development on the Cree […]

Telehealth and indigenous populations around the world: A systematic review on current modalities for physical and mental health

Approximately 370–500 million Indigenous people live worldwide. While Indigenous peoples make up only 5% of the world’s population, they account for 15% of the extreme poor and have life expectancy that is 20 years shorter than that of non-Indigenous people. Access to healthcare has been identified as an important social determinant of health and key […]

Recessions and health: The long-term health consequences of responses to coronavirus

The current lockdown and social distancing measures brought about by the coronavirus crisis, coupled with the direct effects of the virus on workers and firms, are having a huge impact on economies in the UK and around the world. Existing literature on the health impacts of business-cycle fluctuations and recessions shows that the resulting economic […]

A latent class analysis of health lifestyles and suicidal behaviors among US adolescents

Background Previous studies have documented the link between individual health behaviors and suicide, but little is known about the influence of health lifestyles on suicide among adolescents. This study aims to identify the unobserved patterns of health behaviors and to examine their associations with adolescent suicidal behaviors to inform screening of suicidality. Methods Data were […]

Suicidal thoughts in low-income adolescents: A longitudinal analysis

Objectives The aim of this study was to identify whether suicidal ideation in low-income adolescents is influenced by social environment and social support. Methods We performed a growth curve model using a sample of 6687 low-income adolescents living in the Mobile, AL Metropolitan Statistical Area. The outcome for the present study was whether the participant […]

Spaces of hope? Youth perspectives on health and wellness in indigenous communities

This article addresses an apparent paradox between academic and policy depictions of American Indian reservations as “broken” and “unhealthy” places, and Indigenous youth perceptions of reservations as spaces of “health” and “wellness.” Public health literature often frames reservations as damaged, health-denying places, chronicling the extraordinarily high rates of suicide, substance abuse, as well as vast health disparities. Despite these dire statistics, […]

Do physical disabilities differentiate between suicidal ideation and attempts? An examination within the lens of the ideation to action framework of suicide

Objectives This study examined histories of suicidality among those with and without physical disabilities. Physical disabilities were anticipated to differentiate those with a history of suicide attempts from those with a history of ideation only after accounting for the presence of health conditions and other correlates. Methods Participants were 374 adults (M age = 36.08; 55.61% female; […]

Governmental illegitimacy and incompetency in Canada and other liberal nations: Implications for health

The welfare state literature on developing nations is concerned with how governmental illegitimacy and incompetency are the sources of inequality, exploitation, exclusion, and domination of significant proportions of their citizenry. These dimensions clearly contribute to the problematic health outcomes in these nations. In contrast, developed nations are assumed to grapple with less contentious issues of […]

Key health inequalities in Canada: A national portrait.

This report describes the magnitude and distribution of key health inequalities in Canada, a critical step in facilitating action to advance health equity. It is a product of the Pan-Canadian Health Inequalities Reporting Initiative, a collaborative undertaking by the Public Health Agency of Canada, the Pan-Canadian Public Health Network, Statistics Canada, and the Canadian Institute […]

Looking behind the bars: Emerging health issues for people in prison.

There are more than 10 million people imprisoned worldwide. These individuals experience a higher burden of communicable and non-communicable disease, mental health and substance misuse problems than the general population and often come from marginalized and underserved groups in the community. Prisons offer an important opportunity for tackling health problems in a way that can […]

An intervention with meaning: Perceptions of safety planning among Veteran Health Administration providers.

Background: The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) health-care system utilizes a multilevel suicide prevention intervention that features the use of standardized safety plans with veterans considered to be at high risk for suicide. Aims: Little is known about clinician perceptions on the value of safety planning with veterans at high risk for suicide. Method: Audio-recorded interviews […]

First peoples, second class treatment: The role of racism in the health and well-being of Indigenous peoples in Canada.

We begin with an overview of the historical and contemporary contexts of racism, and the ways in which racism is fundamentally responsible for the alarming disparities in health between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples. We examine Indigenous responses to racism including individual, family and community level strategies and resiliencies; health service-level responses (including Indigenous and non-Indigenous led […]

Statistical report on the health of Canadians

This is the second version of the Statistical Report on the Health of Canadians. Like the original in 1996, this Report provides a comprehensive and detailed statistical overview of the health status of Canadians and the major determinants of that status. The original report was created for the Federal, Provincial and Territorial Advisory Committee on Population Health, which […]

Health of the Calgary Region 2000

While the overall health status of the Calgary Region remains good and compares very favorably with other regions, there continues to be a number of areas of concern and opportunities for improvement. the most critical one is the impact that tobacco is having on the health of the region.

Health of the Calgary Region 1999

Annual progress report on the health of the population of Region 4, and on the factors that determine or influence health — a blend of the old, “smoking continues to the single, leading, preventable cause of premature morbidity and mortality” and the new, “the majority of parents encourage their children to be involved in physical […]