Changing profile of suicide methods in India: 2014–2021

Background: Restricting access to suicide methods is one of the most effective suicide prevention approaches. Methods: Trends in method specific suicide rates (2014-2021) in India were calculated using National Crime Records Bureau data (NCRB) by sex and geographical region. Joinpoint regression analysis was used to empirically identify any changes in suicide trends. Results: Suicide rates by hanging increased […]

Systematic analysis of nonfatal suicide attempts and further diagnostic of secondary injury in strangulation survivors: A retrospective cross‐sectional study

Background and aims: Data on nonfatal suicide attempts in Germany are sparse. The study aimed to analyze data on nonfatal suicide attempts and consecutive diagnostic steps to identify secondary injuries after strangulation. Methods: All admissions after nonfatal suicide attempt in a large Bavarian psychiatric hospital between 2014 and 2018 were reviewed and the methods were analyzed. Results: A […]

The burden of attempted hanging and drowning presenting to hospitals in Ireland between 2007 and 2019: A national registry‑based study

Purpose: To measure the impact of hospital-treated self-harm by hanging and drowning in Ireland in 2007-2019 and identify risk factors for these methods of self-harm. Method: Data on all self-harm presentations to Irish hospitals between 2007 and 2019 were obtained from the National Self-Harm Registry Ireland, a national self-harm surveillance system. Multinomial regression was used to explore […]

Firearms, hanging, and drowning suicides in the Republic of Ireland

Background: The firearms climate in Ireland is rapidly changing, and there is currently no research on the risk profiles of those dying through firearms suicides. Aims: To compare the sociodemographic profile of firearms suicide deaths with hanging and drowning suicides. Methods: Analyses are based on data for 9,674 suicides that occurred between 1980 and 2005 and provided by […]

Suicide hangings during pre-Covid-19 and Covid-19: Myths debunked for the lower-middle-income group countries

The psyche about the adverse effects of the Covid-19 pandemic has got fixed to a level of conviction that committing suicide is directly linked to coronavirus infection. The statistics of suicidal hangings for the pre-Covid-19 and the Covid-19 periods were compared in the Indian capital. The data analysis of the autopsy records showed the absence […]

Three leading suicide methods in the United States, 2017–2019: Associations with decedents’ demographic and clinical characteristics

Background and aims: The U.S. suicide data show that use of lethal methods, specifically firearms and hanging/suffocation, has been increasing among young and middle-aged adults of both sexes over the past decades. In this study, we examined demographic and clinical correlates of use of firearms, hanging/suffocation, and poisoning as suicide methods among suicide decedents age 18+. […]

Sexual orientation differences in lethal methods used in suicide: Findings from the National Violent Death Reporting System

We examined sexual orientation and sex differences in seven methods of suicide among adult suicides reported in the United States National Violent Death Reporting System (2012–2015; N = 59,075). Overall, most sexual minorities (i.e., lesbians, gay men, bisexuals) identified in the dataset used hanging (38%) followed by firearm (30%) and drug or poison ingestion (20%). Sexual minorities were […]

Suicide by hanging: A scoping review

Suicide by hanging is increasing in many countries around the world and whilst efforts are being made to influence the prevention agenda to reduce the incidence, little is known regarding the contributing factors for choosing this method. The purpose of this scoping review is to summate understandings about how the epidemiology and prevention of suicide […]

Differentiating suicide decedents who died by firearm verse hanging

This present study sought to examine how demographics and the availability of means for suicide converge to impact method selection between firearms and hanging, which are the two most lethal and commonly used methods for suicide in the United States. Data were collected as part of a larger online study that gathered information about suicide […]

Does intentional asphyxiation by strangulation have addictive properties?

Background and aims Intentional asphyxiation leads to cerebral hypoxia, starving the brain of oxygen and inducing hypoxic euphoria, but carries a serious risk of accidental death, especially if practised alone. This article raises the question as to whether it could usefully be regarded as having addictive properties. Methods and results A review of the literature, […]

Differences in firearm suicides by residential location in Texas, 2006-2015

This study used Texas state vital statistics records, 2006–2015, to examine firearm use rates among 28,010 suicide decedents by residential location (urbanized vs. all others). Firearms were responsible for 44% of all teenage suicides and 76–90% and 50–60% of suicides of men and women aged 60 + years, respectively, and firearm use rates remained steady for both […]

Suicide means among decedents aged 50+ years, 2005-2014: Trends and associations with sociodemographic and precipitating factors.

Highlights •In 2005–2014, firearms remained the most frequently used late life suicide means. •Firearm use decreased among men aged 50–64 but not the other gender by age groups. •Among men aged 65+, death by overdose increased. •Physical health was a significant factor for firearm use among men. •Mental health problems were associated with hanging/suffocation and […]

Study of the factors at admission predicting the outcome in patients with attempted suicidal hanging.

Our study sought to identify factors at presentation which can predict the outcome after an attempted hanging. A retrospective analysis of patients over a 12-year period was carried out. A poor outcome was found in 17.8% and this could be predicted by the presence of myoclonus, a Glasgow coma motor score of ≤3 or an […]

Suicide trends among elementary school-aged children in the United States from 1993 to 2012.


Increase in suicide by hanging/suffocation in the U.S., 2000-2010.

Background Recently, suicide exceeded motor vehicle crashes as the leading cause of injury death in the U.S. However, details of this change in suicide methods and the relationship to individual demographics, such as age and societal influences, have not been reported. Purpose To determine the characteristics of the changes in suicide rates between 2000 and […]

Suicide amoung children and adolescents in Canada: Trends and sex differences, 1980-2008


Rate, relative risk and method of suicide by students at 4-year colleges and universities in the United States, 2004-2005 through 2008-2009.

A total of 622 suicides were reported among students attending 645 distinct campuses from 2004Ð2005 through 2008Ð2009. Adjusting for gender in the population at risk of 14.9 million student-years and for the source of these data, the student suicide rate of 7.0 was significantly and substantially lower than for a matched national sample. Suicide rates […]

Suicide methods in Singapore(2000-2004): Types and associations.


The Leading Methods of Suicide in Taiwan, 2002-2008


Impulsive but Fatal Self-Poisoning With Pesticides Among South Asians in Nickerie, Suriname: an Exploratory Autopsy Study

The circumstances & characteristics of suicides in Nickerie, Suriname are described in order to gain insight into why South Asians commonly use self-poisoning. An exploratory psychological autopsy study was conducted with 19 survivors of 13 suicides. Impulsivity plays an important role in self-poisnonings, as well as aggression & easy accessibility of pesticides. Possible answers to […]

Pulmonary Distress Following Attempted Suicidal Hanging


A Psychological Autopsy Study of Suicidal Hanging From Cuttack, India: Focus on Stressful Life Situations

Factors & stressful life stituations associated with suicidal hanging in a sample from India were studied to explore preventability. Information was collected on consecutive victims who died by hanging in a 2-year period from various sources including family members through psychological autopsies. Out of 662 autopsies during the study period, 104 had used hanging as […]

Epidemic of Suicide by Hanging in Lithuania: Does Socio-Demographic Status Matter?

Suicide by hanging, compared with other methods, was analysed by demographic & selected social factors in Lithuania. Changes during 1993-1997 & 1998-2002 were evaluated. Over the study period, hanging, in proportion to all other methods, increased statistically significantly among men & women. The most noticeable increase was among females, age 10-19 years. Hanging predominated in […]