Suicide Rates and Status Integration in America

To better understand how educational attainment & marital status impact the likelihood of suicide among various age-gender-race/ethnic groups in America, Gibbs & Martin’s theory of status integration is tested. The disribution of suicide rates from 1991-1994 in the United States for people of different status categories of age, gender, education, marital status, & race/ethnicity is[…]

Status Integration and Suicide: Occupational, Marital, or Both?

Gender and Suicide Among Laborers

A hypothesis that statistically infrequent role sets foster relatively high suicide rates is tested. An analysis of gender differences among American labourers confirms this perspective for females who had a suicide rate of 38.6/100,000 or 7.6 times that of females in general. Overrepresentation of males in this occupation did not decrease their suicide risk. An[…]

The Effect of Status Integration on Suicide in Germany

The present study attempted to replicate the status integration theory of suicide as it applies to marital status, for a nation with a different socio-economic context, Germany. Stronger support for the theory was found in Germany than in the United States. A weaker association for females is interpreted in terms of social networks & social[…]

Testing Gibbs and Martin’s Theory of Suicide

This brief article describes a study which tests Gibbs and Martin’s theory of status integration & suicide. The author discusses Gibbs and Martin’s study of 32 nations, which shows a stronger correlation between suicide rates & status integration than with divorce rates or gross domestic product per capita. In the author’s study of 30 U.S.[…]

The Effect of Female Participation in the Labor Force on Suicide: a Time Series Analysis, 1948-1980

Two opposed paradigms have been used to explain the impact of female labour force participation. One argues that suicide should increase due to role conflict & overload while the other argues that suicide will decrease because the benefits outweigh the costs. Stack formulates a third, synthetic view on the impact of female employment based on[…]

Changing Age Patterns of U.S. Male & Female Suicide Rates, 1934-1983

Changes in the age patterns of US male & female suicide rates from 1934-83 are examined using official data. Among whites, the age patterns of male & female suicide rates have become less concordant since about 1960. In contrast, the age patterns of nonwhite male & female suicide rates have become more concordant since the[…]

Status Integration, Suicide and Homicide

The relationship of homicide rates to status integration is explored. Using suicide & homicide rates from the Vital Statistics of the United States for 1970, the suicide & homicide rates of white females of 12 age groups were correlated with Gibbs’ measure of status integration. The measure of status integration was inversely related to the[…]

Sociological Theories of Suicide (IN: Suicide: The Gamble With Death, by Gene Lester and David Lester)

Sociological theories of suicide, which derive from Durkheim’s theory are examined. After a brief discussion of Durkheim’s work, reformulations including Johnson’s approach, Powell’s approach, Ginsberg’s reformulation, Gibbs & Martin’s theory & Douglas’ approach are reviewed. Reformulations of Durkheim’s theory seek to make the theory testable. 8 Refs. (LH)

Survey of Theories and Research Findings: Theories of Variation in the Suicide Rate (IN: Suicide, ed. by J P Gibbs)

Presents information on various theories of suicide including the formulations of Durkheim, Henry & Short, Gibbs & Martin along with theories such as social isolation, social integration, & psychopathology. The theories are said to reflect a controversy regarding the psychiatric thesis & the sociological thesis & is is postulated that the continued study of suicide[…]