Suicide Rates and Status Integration in America

To better understand how educational attainment & marital status impact the likelihood of suicide among various age-gender-race/ethnic groups in America, Gibbs & Martin’s theory of status integration is tested. The disribution of suicide rates from 1991-1994 in the United States for people of different status categories of age, gender, education, marital status, & race/ethnicity is […]

Status Integration and Suicide: Occupational, Marital, or Both?

Gender and Suicide Among Laborers

A hypothesis that statistically infrequent role sets foster relatively high suicide rates is tested. An analysis of gender differences among American labourers confirms this perspective for females who had a suicide rate of 38.6/100,000 or 7.6 times that of females in general. Overrepresentation of males in this occupation did not decrease their suicide risk. An […]

The Effect of Status Integration on Suicide in Germany

The present study attempted to replicate the status integration theory of suicide as it applies to marital status, for a nation with a different socio-economic context, Germany. Stronger support for the theory was found in Germany than in the United States. A weaker association for females is interpreted in terms of social networks & social […]

Testing Gibbs and Martin’s Theory of Suicide

This brief article describes a study which tests Gibbs and Martin’s theory of status integration & suicide. The author discusses Gibbs and Martin’s study of 32 nations, which shows a stronger correlation between suicide rates & status integration than with divorce rates or gross domestic product per capita. In the author’s study of 30 U.S. […]

The Effect of Female Participation in the Labor Force on Suicide: a Time Series Analysis, 1948-1980

Two opposed paradigms have been used to explain the impact of female labour force participation. One argues that suicide should increase due to role conflict & overload while the other argues that suicide will decrease because the benefits outweigh the costs. Stack formulates a third, synthetic view on the impact of female employment based on […]

Changing Age Patterns of U.S. Male & Female Suicide Rates, 1934-1983

Changes in the age patterns of US male & female suicide rates from 1934-83 are examined using official data. Among whites, the age patterns of male & female suicide rates have become less concordant since about 1960. In contrast, the age patterns of nonwhite male & female suicide rates have become more concordant since the […]

Status Integration, Suicide and Homicide

The relationship of homicide rates to status integration is explored. Using suicide & homicide rates from the Vital Statistics of the United States for 1970, the suicide & homicide rates of white females of 12 age groups were correlated with Gibbs’ measure of status integration. The measure of status integration was inversely related to the […]

Sociological Theories of Suicide (IN: Suicide: The Gamble With Death, by Gene Lester and David Lester)

Sociological theories of suicide, which derive from Durkheim’s theory are examined. After a brief discussion of Durkheim’s work, reformulations including Johnson’s approach, Powell’s approach, Ginsberg’s reformulation, Gibbs & Martin’s theory & Douglas’ approach are reviewed. Reformulations of Durkheim’s theory seek to make the theory testable. 8 Refs. (LH)

Survey of Theories and Research Findings: Theories of Variation in the Suicide Rate (IN: Suicide, ed. by J P Gibbs)

Presents information on various theories of suicide including the formulations of Durkheim, Henry & Short, Gibbs & Martin along with theories such as social isolation, social integration, & psychopathology. The theories are said to reflect a controversy regarding the psychiatric thesis & the sociological thesis & is is postulated that the continued study of suicide […]

Marital Status, Anomie, and Forms of Social Isolation: A Case of High Suicide Rate Among the Widowed in an Urban Sub-Area

Psychogenic Death: a Reappraisal

In this study, social, economic & medical variables correlated with psychogenic death rates across 30 countries. However, McClelland’s psychological motives of achievement, affiliation & power, did not. Status integration correlated positively with homicide & negatively with suicide & ulcers.

Suicide Among Young Blacks: Trends and Perspectives

Status Integration and Suicide

Sociology (IN: A Handbook of the Study of Suicide, ed. by S Perlin)

Testing the Theory of Status Integration and Suicide Rates

Three dimensions of status integration – marital, parental & labor force, are cross-classified. 4 times the variance in suicide rate results from the combined dimensions, compared to any of the 3 considered individually. A chart provides statistics from 1969-1971 on the suicide rate of white females in the U.S.A. aged 16 to 75+, by status […]

Marital Status and Suicide in the United States: a Special Test of the Status Integration Theory

U.S. data on suicide are employed to test the theory of status integration. The findings are consistent with the theory, but more so for males than females. Such differential results are analysed in terms of 4 principles that stipulate “ideal” test conditions. These principles are not ad hoc explanations of negative findings, meaning that they […]

A Theory of Status Integration and its Relationship to Suicide

Status Integration and Suicide: A Sociological Study (HV 6545 G498 1964)

Presentation of a sociological analysis of suicide and the authors’ theory of status integration. Part 1 provides an explanation of the theory; part 2 presents initial tests of the theory using demographic data for the United States; part 3 includes tests for other countries; part 4 discusses differences by sex and temporal variation and part […]

A Note on Status Integration and Suicide

Another Look at Status Integration and Suicide

Still Another Look at Status Integration and Suicide

Reply to Schalkwyk, Lazer and Cumming’s Critique of the Theory of Status Integration and Suicide. (Social Forces, v.57, (1979), p.1063-1080)

Status Integration and Suicide: An Assessment

Status integration as an explanation of suicide has been systematically developed & investigated by J.P. Gibbs & W.T. Martin in a series of studies culminating in a recent monograph, STATUS INTEGRATION & SUICIDE. The logical structure of this theoretical formulation & the operational definitions employed are examined. The empirical validity of the theory is assessed […]