The role of epigenetics in depression and suicide: A platform for gene-environment interactions.

Epigenetics involves functional modifications of genes. The aim of this paper is to explore if an association exists between epigenetics and depression and/or suicide. MedLine/PubMed searches were performed using both Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) and Non-MeSH terms. Based on pre-specified terms and inclusion criteria, sixteen studies met inclusion criteria by the 3 independent reviewers. Epigenetic[…]

Understanding epigenetic architecture of suicide neurobiology: A critical perspective.

Current understanding of environmental cross-talk with genetic makeup is found to be mediated through an epigenetic interface which is associated with prominent reversible and heritable changes at gene expression level. Recent emergence of epigenetic modulation in shaping the genetic information has become a key regulatory factor in answering the underlying complexities associated with several mental[…]

Genetic relationships between suicide attempts, suicidal ideation and major psychiatric disorders: A genome-wide association and polygenic scoring study.

Epidemiological studies have recognized a genetic diathesis for suicidal behavior, which is independent of other psychiatric disorders. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) on suicide attempt (SA) and ideation have failed to identify specific genetic variants. Here, we conduct further GWAS and for the first time, use polygenic score analysis in cohorts of patients with mood disorders,[…]

Influence of interactions between genes and childhood trauma on refractoriness in psychiatric disorders.

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Sex differences in glutamate receptor gene expression in major depression and suicide.

Accumulating data indicate that the glutamate system is disrupted in major depressive disorder (MDD), and recent clinical research suggests that ketamine, an antagonist of the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) glutamate receptor (GluR), has rapid antidepressant efficacy. Here we report findings from gene expression studies of a large cohort of postmortem subjects, including subjects with MDD and controls.[…]

Different stress-related gene expression in depression and suicide.

Highlights In total 124 postmortem brain samples, derived from major depressive disorder who committed suicide and died of other cause. Different gene expression patterns are present between patients that suffered from depression with or without suicide. Changes are more pronounced in the anterior cingulate cortex than in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. Suicide and depression are[…]