River of life: Aboriginal youth suicide workshop

The River of Life workshop is designed to provide information and interventions for caregivers working with youth at risk of suicide aged fifteen to twenty-four.

Experience and attitudes of pharmacy teams towards suicide prevention: A cross-sectional survey

Background Community pharmacists are increasingly recognized as integral members in suicide prevention programs, as part of a multidisciplinary and multifaceted approach. However, further research is required to understand then optimize the whole pharmacy teams’ role across sectors. Objective To explore pharmacy teams’ experience of, and attitudes towards, suicide prevention in England. Methods A cross-sectional survey […]

Preventing suicide in refugees and asylum seekers: A rapid literature review examining the role of suicide prevention training for health and support staff

Background Refugees and asylum seekers are exposed to a unique set of circumstances and experiences that are associated with an increased suicide risk. Suicide prevention training has been recognised as a central component supporting a comprehensive approach to suicide prevention. Limited literature exists exploring the role of suicide prevention training for health and support staff […]

Teachers as youth suicide prevention gatekeepers: An examination of suicide prevention training and exposure to students at risk of suicide

Background Teachers are important gatekeepers in suicide prevention for children and youth, yet little is known about factors that contribute to suicide prevention training effectiveness and the influence of student suicidality on teachers’ role as gatekeepers. Objective This study examined teachers’ attitudes and self-efficacy in suicide prevention including an examination of suicide prevention training and […]

The effectiveness of active learning strategies in gatekeeper training on behavioral outcomes

Background: Studies of suicide prevention gatekeeper trainings (GKT) show temporary enhancements in short-term behavioral outcomes and limited enhancements in intermediate behavioral outcomes. Aims: We aimed to examine the impact of two training enhancements (role-play and booster) on intermediate GKT outcomes. Method: The study used a factorial randomized controlled design to assign participants to one of four groups. Three indicators of […]

Suicide prevention gatekeeper self-efficacy scale (GKSES): A psychometric investigation with a Japanese sample

Background: To date there is no standardized scale for the evaluation of self-efficacy of gatekeeper skills. Aim: The aim of this study was to develop the Gatekeeper Self-Efficacy Scale (GKSES), which consists of nine items assessing laypersons’ confidence in their own gatekeeper skills, and to confirm its reliability and validity. Method: Altogether 875 participants joined in gatekeeper training between 2010 […]

The suicide prevention for college student gatekeepers program: A pilot study

Background: American college students are presenting with increasingly lower levels of mental health and higher levels of anxiety and depression. Close to 30% of college students report having seriously considered suicide in their lifetime. It is critical to train peer gatekeepers to recognize and react to mental health emergency scenarios on college campuses. Aims: The Suicide Prevention for […]

High school educator training by simulation to address emotional and behavioral concerns in school settings: A randomized study

The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of an online virtual human role-play simulation in teaching high school educators and staff to identify, talk to, and if necessary, refer students in psychological distress to support services. High school educators (N = 31,144) from 43 US states and 5 American territories completed a baseline survey […]

The Certified QPR+ Pathfinder Training Program: Need, concept, framework, & curriculum for a global approach to the prevention and mitigation of suicidal ideation and deaths by suicide

According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration more than 12 million adults seriously considered suicide in 2019, compared to approximately 48,000 who died by suicide. Seriously thinking about suicide is a kind of misery index, a painful mental torment that negatively impacts all aspects of life. Extrapolating from the US ratio to […]

A pilot randomized controlled trial of the Alliance Project gatekeeper training for suicide prevention

Gatekeeper trainings are an approach intended to increase help seeking for suicide prevention. However, little is known of gatekeeper training’s function in increasing gatekeeper intent to intervene with those in distress. The current study utilized the theory of planned behavior as a guide to predict gatekeeper’s intention to intervene over a six-month period in a […]

Effectiveness of a peer-led gatekeeper program: A longitudinal mixed-method analysis

Objective The current study evaluated the long-term effectiveness of a peer delivered suicide prevention gatekeeper training program for college students. Participants: 1,345 undergraduate students (Mage = 20.24, SD = 3.27; 89.6% White) received the peer led training during a single class-period. Method: Participants completed pre- post- and 3-month follow-up surveys assessing knowledge, perceived intervention skills, willingness to intervene, and […]

Graduate students’ perceptions of suicide-specific education in an online course

Suicide occurs at alarming rates across the United States and rates are on the rise. The majority of those who attempt suicide report meeting with a medical or mental health provider in the six months prior to their attempt. Graduate programs that prepare social workers need to be prepared to offer adequate training to their […]

Suicide prevention training: Self-perceived competence among primary healthcare professionals

Objective: The aim is to report the outcomes of the suicide prevention training in terms of the self-perceived impact on the participants. Design: The three-hour training consisted areas of risk and protective factors, screening and evaluating suicide risk, raising concerns and confronting suicidal patients, and treating suicidal ideation in primary healthcare and the associated referral processes. Subjects: The […]

Overcoming stigma: A novel curriculum for teaching medical students about suicide

Suicide is prevalent among medical students, residents, and practicing physicians. Medical students have suicide rates up to three times higher than the general population, and elevated rates of depression and suicide among physicians have also been widely documented. Medical students perceive suicide as more stigmatizing than other mental and physical health conditions, partially reinforced by […]

Addressing suicide in entry-to-practice occupational therapy programs: A Canadian picture

The purpose of this study was to discover how competencies related to suicide prevention are currently taught to student occupational therapists in Canadian universities. A cross-sectional descriptive design was used to survey the 14 Canadian university occupational therapy programs. 12/14 programs responded. All endorsed the use of a range of pedagogical approaches, but there was […]

Under the surface: The role of covert cues in peer suicide risk referrals

Suicidal thoughts and behaviors are highly prevalent among adolescents, and peers are often the first, and sometimes only, people to know about youth suicidality. Since many adolescents do not directly disclose suicidal thoughts, school-based suicide prevention programs aim to train youth to recognize warning signs of suicide in their peers that serve as “cues” to […]

Study protocol for the Multimodal Approach to Preventing Suicide in Schools (MAPSS) project: A regionally-based trial of an integrated response to suicide risk among secondary school students

Background Suicide is the leading cause of death among young Australians, accounting for one-third of all deaths in those under 25. Schools are a logical setting for youth suicide prevention activities, with universal, selective and indicated approaches all demonstrating efficacy. Given that international best practice recommends suicide prevention programs combine these approaches, and that to date […]

Effectiveness of suicide prevention gatekeeper-training for university administrative staff in Japan

Aims Suicide is a leading cause of death among Japanese college and university students. Gatekeeper-training programs have been shown to improve detection and referral of individuals who are at risk of suicide by training non-mental-health professional persons. However, no studies have investigated the effectiveness of such programs in university settings in Japan. The aim of […]

Gatekeeper training for friends and family of individuals at risk of suicide: A systematic review

Aims: Gatekeeper training (GKT) is an important suicide prevention strategy. Studies have evaluated the effectiveness of GKT in different populations, often neglecting family and friends who play a vital role in caring for people with suicide risk. This review evaluated GKT programs targeting family and friends to determine their effectiveness in this specific population. Methods: Academic databases […]

The long-term efficacy of suicide prevention gatekeeper training: A systematic review

The practice of educating individuals (known as ‘gatekeepers’ [GK]) at the informal social level with the knowledge, skills, and confidence to identify an at-risk individual and provide support has been shown as an effective suicide prevention method. Despite the efficacy of gatekeeper training (GKT) in the short-term, there are concerns over the long-term efficacy of […]

Suicide prevention gatekeeper training: Does it remain effective one year after training? An evaluation of 12-month longitudinal outcomes

Objective: Research has identified the presence of a general decline in suicide prevention gatekeeper training outcomes over time. The objective of this analysis was to evaluate the residual effectiveness of ‘SafeTALK’ suicide prevention gatekeeper training in a general community sample one year after training. Method: 262 community members participated in half-day (4-hour) gatekeeper training sessions. […]

Healers need healing too: Results from the Good Road of Life training

Mental health professionals that work with American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) populations are often viewed as ineffective because their professional training is based on a Western model of service delivery that is an extension of Western colonization. Research on effective training approaches for AI/AN mental health providers or mental health professionals that work with […]

Delivering the first internationally accessible Massive Online Open Course (MOOC) on suicide prevention: A case study and insights into best practice

To date, little guidance exists on how to design safe and effective online programming on sensitive and/or controversial topics. Massive online open courses (MOOCs) represent a unique opportunity for delivering inclusive and accessible teaching to international learner audiences. This paper provides an insight into designing and delivering the first internationally accessible MOOC on suicide prevention in the global context in 2019-highlighting insights into […]