Distorted cognitions, substance use and suicide ideation among gamblers: A moderated mediation approach
Psychoactive substance users and those having irrational beliefs tend to report more suicide ideation; however, there is paucity of research on substance use and distorted cognitions in relation to suicidality among gamblers. The possibility of a moderated mediation model has not been examined. This study examines substance use as a mechanism explaining the association between […]
Gambling in patients with major depressive disorder is associated with an elevated risk of suicide: Insights from 12-years of nationwide inpatient sample data
Background There is a frequent occurrence of gambling disorder (GD) in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). Psychiatric comorbidities can present more severely in patients diagnosed with pathological gambling. There is limited information on symptom trends in MDD patients with GD, particularly in association with suicidality. Objectives Our primary aim was to compare baseline characteristics […]
Gambling disorder and suicide: An overview of the associated co-morbidity and clinical characteristics
Context: A high prevalence of suicide and attempted suicide in relation to gambling disorder is in increasing evidence in current scientific data. The objective of this review was to explore if there was a primary correlation between psychiatric co-morbidities and gambling and/or a secondary correlation with suicide acts. Evidence Acquisition: We performed a critical analysis […]
Gambling disorder, increased mortality, suicidality and associated comorbidity: A longitudinal nationwide register study
Background and aims: Gambling disorder (GD) appears to be an independent risk factor for suicide, and all-cause mortality has been sparsely studied in patients with GD. This study aims to explore mortality and suicide rates in individuals with GD compared to the general population as well as explore risk factors associated with all-cause mortality and suicide […]
Previous research has shown that depression is an important predictor for suicidal ideation and that depression, addictive behaviors, and suicidal ideations are highly associated with each other. However, no studies have specifically investigated the role of addictive behaviors (i.e., alcohol use, gambling) as moderators on the association between depression and suicidal ideation among Korean college […]
Problem gamblers often attribute suicidal ideation or attempts to their gambling. Logistic regression analyses were applied to data from problem gamblers (N = 986) calling a helpline. Problem gamblers reporting gambling-related suicidality (n = 252; 25.6%) were more likely than those denying it (n = 734; 74.4%) to acknowledge family, financial, legal, and mental and […]
Suicidality is more commonly reported among individuals with addictions relative to the general population, though data from Asian countries remain scarce. The medical records of 2187 Singaporean patients with drug (n=879), alcohol (n=754) or gambling (n=554) disorders entering an outpatient treatment service were examined to explore differences in suicidal ideation and lifetime attempts between substance […]
Suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in five groups with different severities of gambling: Findings from the National Epidemiologic Survey on alcohol and related conditions.
Problem and pathological gamblers show high rates of suicidal behavior. However, previous research of suicide among this population has been inconsistent. Discrepancies may stem from methodological issues, including variable use of suicide nomenclature and selection bias in study samples. Furthermore, earlier research has rarely examined gambling severity aside from problem or pathological categories. This study […]
A major objective of this study is to identify the prevalence of gambling and problem gambling within the 12 to 17-year-old population in Alberta.
Research has repeatedly shown a strong correlation between chemical dependency and pathological gambling. Study results show the percentage of pathological gamblers who also have substance abuse problems ranges from 10.15% to as high as 39-528 (Slavik, 1993). Within AADAC, CMS data for three quarters of 1996 indicate 20% of clients discharged from inpatlent treatment programs […]
Suicide represents a leading cause of death in young people, yet relatively little is known regarding the neurobiological sequelae of preceding suicidal thoughts and behaviours. Although some studies have reported cognitive deficits associated with suicidality, very few studies have been undertaken in young people, especially from non-clinical contexts. Impaired decision-making exists in young people with […]
Objective: The authors documented the prevalence of gambling and correlates to health among undergraduates. Methods: The authors analyzed data from a health-habit questionnaire (gambling questions included) given to students enrolled in a university-required course. Results: Gambling and problems with gambling were more frequent among men than women regardless of venue. Athletes more frequently bet on […]
By examing a series of 17 suicides with evidence of pathological gambling prior to death, the authors sought to generate hypotheses for the further study of this problem. Psychological autopsy interviews were conducted with proxy respondents for suicide & control subjects aged 15-59 years in Hong Kong. Of the 150 suicides & 150 controls examined, […]
125 adult participants recruited from gambling treatment centres were included in an examination of gambling-related suicide ideation & attempts. In this sample, 48 percent had a history of gambling-related suicide ideation & an additional 12 percent reported at least one gambling-related suicide attempt. Level of suicidality was associated with greater gambling severity, gambling escape, dissociation, […]
Population-Attributable Risk of Suicide Conferred by Axis I Psychiatric Diagnoses in a Hong Kong Chinese Population
This study determined the population-attributable risk of completed suicide among Hong Kong Chinese with axis I psychiatric diagnoses. With a case-control psychological autopsy method, 150 suicide victims, age 15-59, were compared for axis I diagnoses & psychosocial variables with 150 randomly selected age- & gender-matched persons living in the community. In the presence of other […]
Prevalence, Clinical Correlations, Comorbidities, and Suicidal Tendencies in Pathological Korean Gamblers: Results From the Korean Epidemiologic Catchment Area Study
Prevalence, clinical correlations, comorbidities, & suicidal tendencies were examined in a community sample of Korean pathological gamblers. In a sample of 5,333 subjects, the lifetime prevalence rates of pathological gambling & problem gambling were 0.8% & 3.0%, respectively. Associations between pathological/problem gambling & alcohol use disorder, nicotine dependence, mood disorder, anxiety disorder, & suicidality were […]
This comic book relates the story of Brianna, an Aboriginal teenager who develops a gambling problem. She finds help in traditional teachings & practices.
This book begins with an overview of mental health & mental illnesses in Canada. Specific mental disorders & mental health issues are then discussed, including: mood disorders, schizophrenia, anxiety disorders, personality disorders, eating disorders, suicidal behaviour, problem gambling, & substance dependency. Chapters on hospitalization & mental illness & Aboriginal mental health & well-being conclude this […]
The Associations Between Health Risk Behaviours and Suicidal Ideation and Attempts in a Nationally Representative Sample of Young Adolescents
Associations between health risk behaviours & suicide ideation & attempts in Canadian adolescents aged 12-13 years were examined. A nationally representative sample of 2090 adolescents was studied. All health risk behaviours (disruptive, sexual & substance use) were common among male & female adolescents. In unadjusted models, almost all health risk behaviours were associated with suicide […]
This pamphlet briefly reviews the literature on problem gambling & suicidal behviours. General information about warning signs & how to help someone who may be at risk is also provided.