Circumstances of suicide after registration with a national digital mental health service: an analysis of coroners’ reports

Background: Little is known about the safety of mental healthcare provided remotely by digital mental health services (DMHS), which do not offer face-to-face contact. Aims: To examine the circumstances of suicide by patients registered with a national DMHS. Method: Data from 59 033 consenting patients registered with a national DMHS, the MindSpot Clinic, between 1 January 2013 and […]

Emergency department admission and mortality rate for suicidal behavior: A follow-up study on attempted suicides referred to the ED between January 2004 and December 2010

Background: The international literature reports that for every completed suicide there are between 8 and 22 visits to an Emergency Department (ED) for attempted suicide/suicidal behavior. Aims: To describe the characteristics of admission to emergency departments (EDs) for suicide-related presenting complaints in the metropolitan area of Bologna; to estimate the risk for all-cause mortality and for suicide; to […]

An intervention and follow-up study following a suicide attempt in the emergency departments of four general hospitals in Shenyang, China

Background: Studies on the effects of interventions in patients who have attempted suicide in China have not reported so far. Aims: To describe the basic situation surrounding the interventions and follow-up of patients who have attempted suicide and to determine whether the interventions would be effective in reducing repeat suicide attempts. Method: 239 patients who had attempted suicide […]

Can postdischarge follow-up contacts prevent suicide and suicidal behavior? A review of the evidence

Background: The time period following discharge from inpatient psychiatry and emergency department (ED) treatment is one of heightened risk for repeat suicide attempts for patients. Evidence reported in the literature shows that follow-up contacts might reduce suicide risk, although there has not been a comprehensive and critical review of the evidence to date. Aims: To evaluate evidence […]

Panic disorder and suicidal behavior: A follow-up study of patients treated with cognitive therapy and SSRIs in Hungary

Background: Previous research has suggested that patients with panic disorder but no comorbid disorder are not at greater risk for suicidal behavior. Aims: The present study followed up patients with panic disorder in order to assess the frequency of their suicidal behavior. Methods: A sample of 281 outpatients with panic disorder, but without a comorbid psychiatric disorder, was […]

Brief contact interventions to reduce suicide among discharged patients with mental health disordeArs: meta-analysis of RCTs

Background Worldwide, about 1 million died from suicide in 2000. People with mental health disorders are at greater risk of suicide, and they are especially susceptible during 1-week period after discharge from the hospital. Objective This meta-analysis paper aims to evaluate the effectiveness of brief contact interventions in preventing (1) suicidal deaths, (2) suicidal attempts, and […]

Established outpatient care and follow-up after acute psychiatric service use among youths and young adults

Objective: This study explored follow-up after hospitalization and emergency room (ER) use for mental health among youths and young adults with private insurance. Methods: The IBM MarketScan commercial database (2013-2018) was used to identify people ages 12-27 with a mental health hospitalization (N=95,153) or ER use (N=108,576). Factors associated with outpatient mental health follow-up within 7 and […]

Loss to follow-up in a population-wide brief contact intervention to prevent suicide attempts: The VigilanS program, France

Background Brief Contact Interventions (BCIs) after a suicide attempt (SA) are an important element of prevention against SA and suicide. VigilanS generalizes to a whole French region a BCI combining resource cards, telephone calls and sending postcards, according to a predefined algorithm. However, a major obstacle to such real-life intervention is the loss of contact […]

A shelter in the storm: Acceptability and feasibility of a brief clinical intervention for suicidal crisis

Background: People attending the emergency department (ED) for suicidal crisis are at significantly higher risk of taking their own lives in the week following discharge. Aims: We aimed to evaluate the acceptability and feasibility of implementing a brief clinical aftercare intervention provided through Allied Health Brief Therapies (AHBTs) Clinics. Method: Consecutive referrals (n = 149) to the clinics following assessment in […]

Suicide attempt aftercare in geriatric patients: A pilot project

Hospitalized patients after suicide attempts gave informed consent to a postvention project after discharge. A continuous caregiver contacted the subjects monthly by phone for a period of 1 year. In case of significant worsening and reoccurrence of suicidal ideations, immediate re-admission was possible. Ten subjects 65 years and older and hospitalized because of suicide attempts were […]

Postcards in Persia: A twelve to twenty-four month follow-up of a randomized controlled trial for hospital-treated deliberate self-poisoning.

This study reports the outcomes, during follow-up, of a low-cost postcard intervention in a Randomized Control Trial of hospital-treated self-poisoning (n = 2300). The intervention was 9 postcards over 12 months (plus usual treatment) versus usual treatment. Three binary endpoints at 12–24 months (n = 2001) were: any suicidal ideation, suicide attempt, or self-cutting. There was a significant reduction […]

Suicide history and mortality: A follow-up of a national cohort in the United States.

Little is known about the cause-specific deaths among young suicide attempters from the general population, and the time window for intervention to reduce the elevated rate of death was unclear. We analyzed a nationally representative sample of young adults (17Ð39 years old) who participated in the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III, […]

Using structured telephone follow-up assessments to improve suicide-related adverse event detection.


Association of Polyaminergic Loci With Anxiety, Mood Disorders, and Attempted Suicide

The authors genotyped 63 polymorphisms, across 4 polyaminergic genes, in 1255 French-Canadian individuals, followed longitudinally for 22 years. Univariate associations with anxiety, mood disorders, & attempted suicide as assessed in early adulthood were examined. The involvement of gene-environment interactons in terms of childhood abuse were investigated & internalizing & externalizing symptoms as endophenotypes mediating these […]

Repetition of Suicide Attempts Across Episodes of Severe Depression: Behavioural Sensitisation Found in Suicide Group but not in Controls

This study investigated the distribution of initial & repeated suicide attempts across depressive episodes in suicides & controls with a unipolar severe depression. A blind record evaluation was performed of 80 suicide victims & controls admitted to the Department of Psychiatry between 1956-1969 & monitored to 2010. The risk of a first suicide attempt decreased […]

Immediate Risk of Suicide and Cardiovascular Death After a Prostate Cancer Diagnosis: Cohort Study in the United States

A cohort study of 342,497 American patients diagnosed with prostate cancer from January 1979-December 2004 was conducted. Follow-up started from the date of diagnosis to the end of the first 12 calendar months after diagnosis. The relative risks of suicide & cardiovascular death were calculated as standardised mortality ratios. During the follow-up, 148 men died […]

Re: Immediate Risk of Suicide and Cardiovascular Death After a Prostate Cancer Diagnosis: Cohort Study in the United States

In this letter to the editor, the authors comment on Fang et al’s 2010 study & report on their own study of the risk of suicide & cardiovascular death in Swedish males diagnosed with prostate cancer. Men diagnosed with advanced or metastatic prostate cancer are at increased risk of suicide, including posttraumatic stress symptoms & […]

The Effect of Participating in Suicide Research: Does Participating in a Research Protocol on Suicide and Psychiatric Symptoms Increase Suicide Ideation and Attempts?

The effect of engaging in an intensive research protocol that inquired extensively about psychiatric & suicide symptoms & explosed participants to a number of images, including suicide-related content, was explored. Individuals experiencing a major depressive episode were called at 1- & 3-months after the initial protocol. Partipants reported experiencing reductions in suicide ideation at the […]

Chain of Care for Patients who Have Attempted Suicide: a Follow-Up Study from Baerum, Norway

This study tested the effectiveness of a community-based suicide prevention team in preventing repeated suicide attempts & suicides, as part of a chain-of-care model for all general hospital treated suicide attempters in Baerum, Norway. Data has been collected consecutively since 1984. Between January 1984-December 2007, 1616 subjects were registered as having attempted suicide; 197 made […]

Suicide bereavement and coping: a descriptive and interpretive analysis of the coping process


Schizophrenia, an illness with bad outcomes: myth or reality?

OBJECTIVE: Different myths about schizophrenia endorsed by clinicians maintain the pessimism about outcome thus reducing chances of improvement. There are no recent North American studies on the long-term outcome of first-episode schizophrenia to clarify if these beliefs are myths or reality. Our study describes the long-term outcome (10 to 16 years) of a first-episode schizophrenia […]

Mortality and Cause of Death Among 1705 Illicit Drug Users: a 37 Year Follow Up

The overall mortality & causes of death were examined in a large cohort of users of illicit drugs in Stockholm over 37 years. 860 of 1705 identified substance abusers died at an average age of 47 yers, 25-30 years younger than the general population. The standardised rate ratio for mortality was 3.3 among men & […]

Prospective Predictors of Suicide Attempts in Borderline Personality Disorder at one, two, and two-to-Five Year Follow-Up