Characteristics of and circumstances associated with female intimate partner problem-included suicides: Analysis of data from the National Violent Death Reporting System (2003-2019)

Intimate partner problems (IPP)-which include divorce, breakups, arguments, jealousy, conflict, discord, and violence-have been robust precipitating factors associated with an increased risk for suicidal thoughts and behaviors. Although research on suicide related to IPP is growing, efforts to explore the circumstances surrounding suicidality among female victims struggling with IPP remain insufficient. To address this gap, […]

Interpretable machine learning-based approaches for understanding suicide risk and protective factors among South Korean females using survey and social media data

Objective We aimed to identify and understand risk and protective factors for suicide among South Korean females by linking survey and social media data and using interpretable machine learning approaches. Materials and Methods We collected a wide range of potential factors including the material, psychosocial, and behavioral data from a detailed survey, which we then […]

Indepth interviews with 244 female suicide attempters and their associates in Northern China: Understanding the process and causes of the attempt

Background: Attempted suicide, a deliberate self-directed behavior situated within the unique social world of an individual, is a major risk factor for suicide. Efforts aimed at addressing female suicide must be based on understanding their perceived causes and the meaning of this behavior. Aims: This study describes the perceived causes of suicidal behaviors to determine preventive measures of […]

Suicide among young Middle Eastern Muslim females: The perspective of an Iranian epidemiologist

Background: Recent epidemiological studies highlight that within Muslim-dominated Middle Eastern countries suicide rates are high or are increasing among young females. This paper discusses the most important reasons behind this trend. Methods: The literature review started using the PubMed ( search engine, applying four keywords: suicide, young females, Middle East, and Muslim. The search strategy […]

Identification of young females at high risk of suicide following hospital-treated self-harm in Victoria, Australia

Objective: We conducted a data linkage study in Victoria, Australia, to determine the proportion of young females who are treated in hospital for self-harm who go on to die by suicide within 5 years and to identify factors associated with increased suicide risk in this same cohort. Method: We undertook a cohort study following 3689 female patients […]

Relationship between suicide attempt and medical morbidity in adolescent girls

This study assessed whether suicide attempts before 20 years of age were associated with medical morbidity later in life. We carried out a cohort study of 169,806 girls under age 20 years between 1989 and 2019 in Quebec, Canada. The cohort included 8086 girls admitted for suicide attempts, matched on age and year with 161,720 girls with […]

Factor structure of the suicide cognitions scale in a national sample of female veterans

Objective The Suicide Cognitions Scale (SCS) may be beneficial for suicide risk assessment. However, research has identified diverging factor structures and focused primarily on samples composed of males. Given limited prior research with female veterans, who have experienced increased rates of suicide, we examined the factor structure of the SCS among a national sample of […]

Suicide attempt and risk of substance use disorders among female youths

Objective: To assess the association between suicide attempts among females before 20 years of age and future risk of substance use disorders. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this longitudinal cohort study, females aged 8 to 19 years (hereafter referred to as youths) who attempted suicide were matched with female youths with no attempt between April […]

The link between non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), body image and activity on social networking sites among female adolescents with an eating disorder

The link between engagement in non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI)–related activities on SNS (e.g. viewing, commenting, sharing and uploading NSSI content) with body image and NSSI behaviour remains under researched in adolescents with EDs. The main aim of the current research was to examine associations between NSSI-related activities on SNS with body image and NSSI behaviour severity […]

Suicide attempt endophenotypes: Latent profiles of child and adolescent aggression and impulsivity differentially predict suicide attempt in females

Suicide is a leading cause of death in young adulthood. Identifying early prevention targets to reduce later suicide is a public health priority. Impulsivity and aggression in early childhood may represent actionable early prevention candidate endophenotypes for later suicidal behavior. Our objective is to to understand the association of aggression and impulsivity trajectories with mental […]

Network structure of depression and anxiety symptoms in Chinese female nursing students

Background Comorbidity between depressive and anxiety disorders is common. From network perspective, mental disorders arise from direct interactions between symptoms and comorbidity is due to direct interactions between depression and anxiety symptoms. The current study investigates the network structure of depression and anxiety symptoms in Chinese female nursing students and identifies the central and bridge […]

Accelerating research on suicide risk and prevention in women veterans through research-operations partnerships

Background: Suicide rates for women veterans are increasing faster than for nonveterans. The 2017 suicide rate for women veterans was more than double that for women nonveterans. However, research to inform improved suicide prevention for women veterans is scant. Objectives: To accelerate research on women veterans’ unique risks and resiliencies for suicide, the Department of Veterans Affairs […]

Comparing negative health indicators in male and female veterans with the Canadian general population

Introduction Sex-based information on differences between Canadian veterans and the general population is important to understand veterans’ unique health needs and identify areas requiring further research. This study compared various health indicators in male and female veterans with their Canadian counterparts. Methods Health indicators for recent-era Regular Force veterans (released between 1998 and 2015) were obtained from […]

Is there a relationship between the number of female students who were cyberbullied and the number of female students who seriously considered attempting suicide?

In the United States, cyberbullying has become a major public health concern. Indeed, many people who are victims of cyberbullying consider harming themselves. Because criminal justice practitioners are concerned with public safety, this is an area worthy of study. The general purpose of this study is to investigate whether there is a correlation between the […]

Suicide notes: Unsettled exaggerations by males and females

Touching into the gender differences between males and females in expressing the use of exaggeration expressions, this study analyzes the relevant data using the LIWC tool, the HIP method, and the deficit and difference theories. This study found that in relation to the gender stereotypes, both males and females speak differently, yet also demonstrate similarities. […]

The time course of responding to aversiveness in females with a history of non-suicidal self-injury

Non-suicidal self-injury is a risk factor for suicidal behavior, particularly in females. Two prominent theories of suicide suggest that habituation to the psychophysiological aversiveness of NSSI is a mechanism by which NSSI exposure may lead to increased risk for suicide. Several laboratory studies examining the relationship between physiological habituation and suicide attempt history have yielded […]

Suicide ideation in female survivors of military sexual trauma: The trauma source matters

The authors wish to thank the service women and veterans who participated in this study. The authors also wish to thank Dr. Jamison Fargo for statistical consultation, Dr. Ryan Holliday for consultation on this manuscript, and Jordan Kugler, Whitney Livingston, and Felicia Andresen for assistance with data coding. Funding for this study was provided to […]

Depression and PTSD-related anhedonia mediate the association of military sexual trauma and suicidal ideation in female service members/veterans

Previous research shows a direct link between military sexual trauma and suicide risk. Little is known about mediators of this association, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or depression severity, mental health conditions that are correlated with both suicide risk and military sexual trauma. Moreover, existing studies of military sexual trauma do not distinguish between harassment […]

Insufficient sleep and suicidal ideation: A survey of 12,046 female adolescents

Objectives Adolescence is a period of adaptation to social, hormonal, and physical changes. Because of these changes, adolescents are at risk for depressionand suicidal thoughts. Female adolescents tend to be more sensitive to hormonal and emotional changes. Although the reciprocal relationship among depression, poor sleep quality, and suicide has been studied, whether decreased sleep time leads to depression-mediated suicide or induces suicide itself remains to be determined. Therefore, this study […]

Family, health, and poverty factors impacting suicide attempts in Cambodian women: A qualitative analysis from a randomly selected national sample

Background: Our recent report demonstrates that 5.5% of Cambodian women have previously attempted suicide. Despite these high rates and critical need for intervention, research on suicide attempts in Cambodia is lacking, and life-saving information on suicide prevention is therefore unknown. Aims: This study explores factors impacting Cambodian women suicide attempts. Method: A total of 1,801 […]

Trauma-related shame, sexual assault severity, thwarted belongingness, and perceived burdensomeness among female undergraduate survivors of sexual assault

Background and Aim: This study evaluated trauma-related shame as a mediator of the association between sexual assault severity and perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness. Method: A total of 164 female undergraduates who reported attempted or completed sexual assault completed self-report measures of sexual assault, trauma-related shame, perceived burdensomeness, and thwarted belongingness. Results: Using path analysis, […]

Hopelessness as a predictor of suicide ideation in depressed male and female adolescent youth

We examined hopelessness as a predictor of suicide ideation in depressed youth after acute medication treatment. A total of 158 depressed adolescents were administered the Children’s Depression Rating Scale-Revised (CDRS-R) and Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS) as part of a larger battery at baseline and at weekly visits across 6 weeks of acute fluoxetine treatment. […]

Beyond trauma: Disrupting cycles, effecting change.

Over seven months in 2015, the Child and Youth Advocate (the “Advocate”) received reports regarding the deaths of three girls: • 13-Year-Old Tina • 16-Year-Old Shirley • 19-Year-Old Jazmine Although these girls had unique life experiences, through our Investigative Review processes, some common themes emerged. Their mothers abused substances and were unable to care for them. The […]