24-hour movement guidelines and suicidality among adolescents

Background: The 24-hour movement guidelines for children and youth recommend ≥60 min/day of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, ≤2 h/day of screen time, 9-11 h/night of sleep for 11-13 years and 8-10 h/night for 14-17 years. The objectives of this study were to examine the associations between meeting combinations of the recommendations contained within the 24-hour movement guidelines […]

Active school travel is associated with fewer suicide attempts among 127,097 adolescents aged 13 to 17 years from 34 low-and middle-income countries

Subjects: This study explored the association between active school travel (AST) and suicide attempts among adolescents in low- and middle-income countries. Methods: We used the data from the Global School-based Health Survey, including 127, 097 adolescents aged 13-17 years from 34 LMICs. A self-reported survey was used to collect data on AST and suicide attempts […]

Physical exercise, mental health problems, and suicide attempts in university students

Background Physical inactivity and mental health problems are both major public health concerns worldwide. Although several studies have demonstrated the health benefits of regular physical exercise, few epidemiological studies have investigated the nature of the association between different aspects of physical exercise and mental health, and little is known regarding the possible link to suicidality. […]

Sex difference in the association between physical activity and suicide attempts among adolescents from 48 countries: A global perspective

Background Adolescent suicide is a global public health concern. Given that physical activity has a positive effect in the prevention and treatment of common psychiatric disorders, it may also protect against suicides. However, global data examining associations between physical activity and suicide attempts among adolescents are lacking, and sex-specific associations remain poorly understood. Thus, we […]

Effect of exercise augmentation of cognitive behavioural therapy for the treatment of suicidal ideation and depression

Background Suicidal ideation and depression are prevalent and costly conditions that reduce quality of life. This study was designed to determine the efficacy of exercise as an adjunct to cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for suicidal ideation and depression among depressed individuals. Methods In a randomized clinical trial, 54 mildly to moderately depressed patients (54% female, mean age=48.25) […]

Exercise and the prevention of depression: Results of the HUNT cohort study

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to address 1) whether exercise provides protection against new-onset depression and anxiety and 2) if so, the intensity and amount of exercise required to gain protection and, lastly, 3) the mechanisms that underlie any association. METHOD: A “healthy” cohort of 33,908 adults, selected on the basis of […]

Exercise dependence: Associations with capability for suicide and past suicidal behavior

OBJECTIVE: Exercise dependence has been linked to capability for suicide and suicidal behavior; however, less understood are which facets of exercise dependence confer risk for suicidal behavior and the potential mechanisms of this association. This study examined relationships between exercise dependence, capability for suicide, and past suicidal behavior. METHODS: A sample of 540 individuals recruited […]

Physical activity and suicidal ideation: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Highlights • Being physically active is associated with lower suicidal ideation. Complying with physical activity guidelines may confer a protective effect on suicidal risks. There is a high need for well-designed prospective and interventional studies. Future research should explore in more detail gender- and age specific recommendations.

A genetic risk factor for major depression and suicidal ideation is mitigated by physical activity.

Highlights •This study demonstrates that physical activity diminishes risk of major depressive disorder (MDD) and suicidal ideation (SI) imposed by a genetic predisposition. •Carriers of the mineralocorticoid receptor genetic variant −2C/G C allele were nearly twice as likely to meet criteria for probable MDD and three times as likely to report SI compared with noncarriers […]

Physical activity, exercise motivations, depression, and nonsuicidal self-injury in youth.

This study explored the relationship between physical activity, depression, and nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) in 167 high school and undergraduate students (mean age = 17.37, range 14–25). Results indicated that NSSI frequency had a significant negative relationship with physical activity, and physical activity moderated the relationship between depressive symptoms and self-harm. Specifically, high levels of depressive symptoms and […]

Physical activity, suicide risk factors, and suicidal ideation in a veteran sample.

Journal held in CSP Library.

Physical activity, sadness, and suicidality in bullied US adolescents.

The purpose of this study is to examine relationships between physical activity (PA), sadness, and suicidality in bullied US adolescents. We hypothesized that physically active students would be less likely to feel sad or report suicidal ideation or attempts, including bullied students. Overall, 30.0% of students reported sadness for ≥2 weeks, 22.2% reported suicidal ideation, […]

The impact of exercise on suicide risk: examining pathways through depression, PTSD, and sleep in an inpatient sample of veterans.

Journal is held in the CSP Library.

Involvement in Physical Activity and Risk for Nearly Lethal Suicide Attempts

This study compared reports of recent physical activity among those surviving a nearly lethal suicide attempt to reports from community controls. Analyses were conducted on data collected between November 1992-July 1995 for a study of nearly lethal suicide attempts among people aged 13-34 years. Logistic regression analyses were used to test the association between suicide […]