Severity of Attempted Suicide as Measured by the Pierce Suicidal Intent Scale

This study characterized the severity of attempted suicide by extracting components of suicidal intent & analyzing levels of intent by gender, age, & variables indicating the severity of the attempt. Data on 469 Estonians who attempted suicide were collected & a revised version of the Pierce Suicidal Intent Scale was used. The level of suicidal […]

Knowledge About Suicide and Local Suicide Prevalence: Comparison of Estonia and Austria

Knowledge about suicide might be positively correlated with local suicide prevalence. This hypothesis was tested with a sample of 107 medical & social science Estonian undergraduates. Compared (independent group t tests) with a sample of undergraduates from Austria, Estonians presented significantly higher overall knowledge about suicide, particularly concerning demographic & epidemiological facts about suicide but […]

Factors Predicting Suicide Among Russians in Estonia in Comparison With Estonians: Case-Control Study

This study explored differences between suicide victims among Russian immigrants in Estonia & native Estonians, according to sociodemographic background, substance use pattern, & recent life events to find out immigration-specific factors predicting suicide. A psychological autopsy study included 427 people who died by suicide in 1999 & 427 randomly selected controls. The only variable that […]

Association of Limbic System-Associated Membrane Protein (LSAMP) to Male Completed Suicide


Suicide Mortality and Political Transition: Russians in Estonia Compared to the Estonians in Estonia and to the Population of Russia

Age-adjusted suicide rates were compared for Russians in Estonia, Estonians in Estonia, & inhabitants of Russia in radically chaged socio-political situations. High, but still lower suicide rates for Russians in Estonia were observed in comparison with Estonians during 1983-1990 when Estonia was part of the Soviet Union. During the transition period, 1991-1998, a sharp increase […]

The Role of Alcohol in Suicide: a Case-Control Psychological Autopsy Study


External Causes of Death in Estonia 1970-2002 – a Special Reference to Suicide, Traffic Accidents and Alcohol Poisoning

This study aims to describe the external causes of death (ECD) mortality (specifically suicide and traffic death) in Estonia 1970-2002, in relation to political & economic development, with a special focus on the impact of unemployment & alcohol use. The highest mortality rates were found for traffic accidents in 1990-1991 & for suicides in 1994-1995. […]

Internet Comments on Media Reporting of two Adolescents’ Collective Suicide Attempt

The present study covered the analysis of 7 Internet media portrayals & 188 readers’ spontaneous Internet comments about a case of 2 adolescents who survived a serious suicide attempt. More than half of the comments expressed readers’ negative attitude (ironic 31% & angry 28%) while 21% of them remained neutral or indifferent. 21% tried to […]

Suicide Among Russians in Estonia: Database Study Before and After Independence

The authors examined how the radical change in sociopolitical status of the Russian minority in Estonia following the dissolution of the Soviet Union affected the rate of suicide. They found that during the Soviet period the suicide rate among the Russian minority in Estonia was lower than the rate in native Estonians. However, when Russians […]

Suicide and Homicide: Durkheim’s and Henry and Short’s Theories Tested on Data From the Baltic States

The three Baltic States – Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania – were studied in two sociopolitically divergent periods, 1970-1984 & 1985-1998. Results of the study supported the hypothesis that suicide & homicide rates are affected by sociopolitical & economic conditions. Findings are examined using Durkheim’s & Henry & Short’s theories. (31 refs)

Laur’s Final Display: Suicide by Fire


Life Events in Suicide: Psychological Autopsy Study at 10 Year Interval

Published in “Suicide Risk & Protective Factors in the New Millennium,” ed. by O T Grad

The Faces of Befriending: Annual Report 1996-7

This annual report discusses the activities of the Befrienders from April 1996 to March 1997. Brief summaries of their work in Hong Kong, China, South Africa & Estonia are included. A project to promote emotional health among European youth is described. Information is provided on Befriending services, training, research projects & conferences. The last part […]

Finno-Ugrians and Suicide

Kondrichin (1995) noted that the Finno-Ugrian language group was quite scattered over Europe & was characterized by high suicide rates. To explore whether this link can be documented statistically, the suicide rates in 1990 for 30 European nations (with populations greater than 1 million) west of the Black Sea were obtained & the percentage of […]

Face to Face: Annual Report 1997-98

Contents include: a review of the efforts of Befrienders International from Apr. 1997 – Mar. 1998, future priorities, trustees report for the year ending 31 Mar. 1998, and the Auditor’s report for the year ending 31 Mar. 1998.

Suicide in Estonia 1965-1995

This book is written in Swedish with chapter summaries, figures, & tables in English.

Suicides in the Baltic Countries, 1968-90

Trends in suicide in Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania were studied for the years 1968-1990. Suicide rates declined sharply from 1986, the year marking the onset of turbulent social change. From 1968-1984, the male suicide rate (per 100,000) was 55.7 in Estonia, 52.5 in Latvia & 51.7 in Lithuania. Female suicide rates were 14.3, 14.3 & […]


Information on the inauguration of the Estonian Swedish Institute of Suicidology is presented in this brief report. The main aim of the Institute is teaching doctors, social workers & teachers about suicidology. The Institute also has some research projects & is planning consulting work.

Suicide in Estonia and Other Former USSR Republics

This article reviews the suicide rates in some of the former USSR republics and does a historical review of suicide in the USSR from the Kruschev era to the present.

Suicide in Estonia

Data on the suicide rate from 1922-35 & from 1965-88 were obtained from annual journals & original documents. During the period of Estonian independence (1922-35), the suicide rate was 16.7/100,000. During the Depression this rate temporarily rose to 30 & declined to 20.6 by 1935. From 1965-85, the suicide rate averaged 33/100,000. However, a decline […]