Who discovers the firearm suicide decedent: An epidemiologic characterization of survivor‑victims

Background Suicide is the tenth leading cause of death in the United States, with over half of cases involving firearms. Despite research indicating negative effects of exposure to suicide, there is little research on who typically finds the body of the suicide decedent. Understanding who finds the body of the suicide decedent may be important […]

Epidemiology of suicide in the Tri‑City metropolitan area in Poland in 2010–2019

The paper, which is a continuation of our previous epidemiological studies on the phenomenon of suicide in the Tri-City metropolitan area, presents the results of statistical analyses of suicides in the autopsy material of the Department of Forensic Medicine of the Medical University of Gdańsk in the years 2010–2019. The purpose of the study was […]

Incarceration and subsequent risk of suicide: A statewide cohort study

Introduction Increasing suicide rates across the United States are disproportionate among populations most impacted by mass incarceration. We sought to determine if incarceration is associated with risk of suicide and firearm suicide after release from prison. Methods Using a population-based Washington cohort from Department of Corrections and vital statistics administrative records 1990–2017, individuals were compared […]

Epidemiological changes, demographic drivers, and global years of life lost from suicide over the period 1990–2019

Objective To quantify the contributions of epidemiological changes (age- and gender-specific suicide rates) and demographic forces (population growth and aging) to global changes in years of life lost (YLLs) from suicide over the last 30 years. Method A decomposition analysis was used to assess the impacts of population growth, population aging, and suicide prevalence on global […]

Suicide risk and prevention during the COIVD-19 pandemic: One year on

Emerging data from high and upper-middle-income countries indicate that suicide rates generally did not increase during the initial months of the COVID-19 pandemic, yet the pandemic’s impact on suicide is complex. We discuss the nuances of this relationship, how it may evolve over time, and describe the specific steps that governments and societies must take […]

Association between cannabis use disorder and self- and other-directed aggression

Cannabis is the most widely used drug worldwide. Data about the association of cannabis use with aggression is heterogeneous. The objective of the current study was to assess the nature of the association between cannabis use disorder (CUD) and self-directed, other-directed, and combined aggression. We used data from the National Survey on Drug Use and […]

Epidemiological behavior of suicide attempt in Colombian adolescents years 2016-2019: An ecological study

Objective: Characterize the behavior of attempted suicide in adolescents in Colombia, and its associated epidemiological factors from 2016 to 2019. Method: Quantitative, observational, descriptive, and ecological study. The sample was extracted from the database of the Integrated Social Protection Information System, by identifying cases of attempted suicide for ages in the range from 12 to […]

The epidemiology of suicide in Alberta

Goal: Evidence to optimize suicide prevention. 1. Descriptive Epidemiology (Time, Sex, Age, Geography) 2. Analytic Epidemiology (Other Risk Factors) 3. Prioritizing, Planning and Evaluation (Optimization)

Epidemiology of suicide and suicide attempts in Jahrom district, Southern Iran in light of COVID pandemic: A prospective observational study

Background and Aims Suicide is a global public health issue. The covid-19 epidemic has led to disturbance in daily life and economic activity. It is assumed that increased stress and anxiety cause suicide. This study aimed to describe the causes and methods of committing suicide during the COVID pandemic. Methods This descriptive study was conducted on […]

Parenthood and lower risk of suicide in women and men: The total Swedish population followed across adulthood

Background Previous studies suggest a protective effect of parenthood on suicide, but little is known about how the association may change across the lifespan, or in relation to sex, marital status or occurrence of psychiatric disorders. Methods We followed a cohort of over 5 million Swedish women and men, from 1991 to 2011, up to […]

Preventing railway suicides through level crossing removal: A multiple‑arm pre‑post study design in Victoria, Australia

Purpose Rail level crossing removals to improve transport performance across metropolitan Melbourne (state of Victoria) resulted in new rail fencing and grade-separation of tracks from the surrounding environment at several sites. These design changes restricted pedestrian access to the rail tracks, which is a countermeasure known to prevent railway suicide in other settings. We examined […]

Association of prior depressive symptoms and suicide attempts with subsequent victimization: Analysis of population-based data from the Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey

Background: Symptoms of mental disorder, particularly schizophrenia, predispose to victimization. Much less is known about the relationship between depressive symptoms and later victimization in the general population, the influence of these symptoms on types of subsequent victimization, or the role of symptom severity. We investigated this in nationally representative data from the United Kingdom. Methods: […]

Can routine primary care records help in detecting suicide risk? A population-based case-control study in Barcelona

Objectives To characterize people who died by suicide after having previous contacts with public health system using the data available in a primary care setting. Method A retrospective, population-based case-control study identified through autopsy reports subjects who died from suicide between 2010 and 2015 in Barcelona province. Those who had previous interaction with primary healthcare […]

Parent-reported suicidal ideation in three population-based samples of school-aged Korean children with autism spectrum disorder and autism spectrum screening questionnaire screen positivity

Objectives Higher prevalence of suicidality has been reported in individuals with ASD. This study aimed to (1) Estimate the prevalence of suicidal ideation (SI) in epidemiologically-ascertained, population-based, samples of children with ASD or Autism Spectrum Screening Questionnaire (ASSQ) Screen Positivity (ASP); (2) Determine whether ASD/ASP is an independent risk factor for SI, controlling for known […]

Prospective pathways from impulsivity to non-suicidal self-injury among youth

Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a common behavior, particularly among adolescents and young adults. Impulsivity has been implicated as an important factor associated with NSSI, however prospective longitudinal research is lacking. Moreover, the relationship between impulsivity and other risk factors for NSSI is unclear. By examining longitudinal models including impulsivity, attachment, and distress we hope to […]

Epidemiology of suicide and suicidal behavior in youth (IN: Youth Suicide Prevention and

Suicide is the second leading cause of death among youth aged 10–19 years in the United States. Numerous risk factors are associated with suicide and suicidal behavior including individual, family, and social characteristics. Knowledge of the complex interplay of factors contributing to youth suicide is highly relevant to the development of effective prevention strategies.

Suicidal vulnerability in older adults and the elderly: Study based on risk variables

Background: Predicting suicidal vulnerability based on previous risk factors remains a challenge for mental health professionals, especially in specific subpopulations. Aims: This study aimed to use structural equation modelling to assess which sociodemographic and clinical variables are most predictive and modulating of repeated self-injury or reattempts at suicide in older adults and the elderly with […]

Aggressive outbursts among adults with major depressive disorder: Results from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiological Surveys

Introduction Little is known about the epidemiology of aggressive outbursts, including physical assault, property destruction, and verbal aggression, among adults with unipolar Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). Methods We examined the prevalence and correlates of aggressive outbursts among adults with primary MDD (N = 2539) from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiological Surveys (N = 20,013) using generalized linear models. Results The prevalence estimate of any aggressive outbursts […]

Detecting suicide ideation in the era of social media: The population neuroscience perspective

Social media platforms are increasingly used across many population groups not only to communicate and consume information, but also to express symptoms of psychological distress and suicidal thoughts. The detection of suicidal ideation (SI) can contribute to suicide prevention. Twitter data suggesting SI have been associated with negative emotions (e.g., shame, sadness) and a number […]

An ecological study of temporal trends in ‘deaths of despair’ in England and Wales

Purpose There is growing interest in the concept of ‘deaths of despair’ (DoD)—defined as deaths from three causes: suicide, drug poisoning, and alcohol-related conditions—as a more comprehensive indicator of the impact of psychological distress on mortality. The purpose of this study is to investigate the degree of commonality in trends and geographic patterning of deaths […]

Suicidal vulnerability in older adults and the elderly: Study based on risk variables

Background: Predicting suicidal vulnerability based on previous risk factors remains a challenge for mental health professionals, especially in specific subpopulations. Aims: This study aimed to use structural equation modelling to assess which sociodemographic and clinical variables are most predictive and modulating of repeated self-injury or reattempts at suicide in older adults and the elderly with […]

Cause of death among patients with thyroid cancer: A population-based study

Background: Over the last decades, the number of patients diagnosed with thyroid carcinoma has been increasing, highlighting the importance of comprehensively evaluating causes of death among these patients. This study aimed to comprehensively characterize the risk of death and causes of death in patients with thyroid carcinoma. Methods: A total of 183,641 patients diagnosed with an index […]

Self-harm risk in pregnancy: Recurrent-event survival analysis using UK primary care data

Background: Perinatal self-harm is of concern but poorly understood. Aims: To determine if women’s risk of self-harm changes in pregnancy and the first postpartum year, and if risk varies by mental illness, age and birth outcome. Method: This was a retrospective cohort study of 2 666 088 women aged 15–45 years from the 1 January […]