Exploration of the prevalence and profile of suicide cases in the population of northern Morocco (2017-2022)

Background: Suicide, a complex phenomenon that constitutes a major public health issue, has been increasingly prevalent in the Moroccan context. Against this backdrop, this study examines the prevalence and profile characteristics of suicide cases in the northern region of Morocco. Methods: Employing a retrospective research design, we analyzed data from the forensic unit service in […]

Five healthcare trajectories in the year before suicide andwhat they tell us about opportunities for prevention: A population level case series study

Background Suicide prevention requires a shift from relying on an at-risk individual to engage with the healthcare system. Understanding patterns of healthcare engagement by people who have died by suicide may provide alternative directions for suicide prevention. Methods This is a population-based case-series study of all suicide decedents (n = 3895) in New South Wales (NSW), Australia […]

Space-time self-harm and suicide clusters in two cities in Taiwan

Aims: Suicidal acts may cluster in time and space and lead to community concerns about further imitative suicidal episodes. Although suicide clusters have been researched in previous studies, less is known about the clustering of non-fatal suicidal behaviour (self-harm). Furthermore, most previous studies used crude temporal and spatial information, e.g., numbers aggregated by month and residence […]

Suicide in Hungary: Epidemiological and clinical perspectives

Annual suicide rates of Hungary were unexpectedly high in the previous century. In our narrative review, we try to depict, with presentation of the raw data, the main descriptive epidemiological features of the Hungarian suicide scene of the past decades. Accordingly, we present the annual suicide rates of the period mentioned and also data on […]

Definitions and incidence rates of self-harm and suicide attempts in Europe: A scoping review

Introduction: European countries use various terminologies for self-harm and attempted suicide, which are sometimes used interchangeably. This complicates cross-country comparisons of incidence rates. This scoping review aimed to examine the definitions used and the possibilities to identify and compare incidence rates of self-harm and attempted suicide in Europe. Methods: A literature search was conducted in Embase, Medline […]

Re-increased male suicide rates in the recovery phase following the great East Japan earthquake: A 7-year follow-up study in Miyagi Prefecture

Background: Monitoring of suicide rates in the recovery phase following a devastating disaster has been limited. Aim: We report on a 7-year follow-up of the suicide rates in the area affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake, which occurred in March 2011. Method: This descriptive study covered the period from March 2009 to February 2018. Period analysis was used to […]

Differences in characteristics and exposure to stressors between persons with and without diagnosed mental illness who died by suicide in Victoria, Australia

Background: Mental illness is an established risk factor for suicide. To develop effective prevention interventions and strategies, the demographic characteristics and stressors (other than, or in addition to, mental illness) that can influence a person’s decision to die by suicide need to be identified. Aim: To examine cases of suicide by the presence or absence of a diagnosed […]

Suicide in global mental health

Purpose of Review We review recent research on the epidemiology and etiology of suicide in the global context. We focus on data from low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), with the goal of highlighting findings from these under-researched, over-burdened settings. Recent Findings Prevalence of suicide in LMIC adults varies across region and country income-level, but is, […]

Suicide rates in the Slovak Republic in 2011–2020

Purpose: Suicide is a serious public health problem leading to premature mortality. The aim of the present study is to describe and analyze the trends of suicide rates in the Slovak Republic in 2011-2020. Methods: Trends of age-standardized suicide rates were described and incidence rate ratios of suicide were analyzed by negative binomial regression. The age-standardized rates […]

Risk of non-fatal self-harm and premature mortality in the three years following hospitalization in adolescents and young adults with an eating disorder: A nationwide population-based study

Introduction Eating disorders (ED) are associated with high rates of suicide attempts and premature mortality. However, data in large samples of adolescents and young adults are limited. This study aims to assess the risk of self-harm and premature mortality in young people hospitalized with an ED. Methods Individuals aged 12 to 25 years old hospitalized in […]

Research utility and limitations of textual data in the National Violent Death Reporting System: A scoping review and recommendations

Background Many studies of injury deaths rely on mortality data that contain limited contextual information about decedents. The National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) is unique among such data systems in that each observation includes both quantitative variables and qualitative texts (called “narratives”) abstracted from original source documents. These narratives provide rich data regarding salient […]

Suicides in urban and rural counties in the United States, 2006-2008

Background: Suicide rates are higher in rural areas. It has been hypothesized that inadequate access to care may play a role, but studies examining individual decedent characteristics are lacking. Aims: We sought to characterize the demographic, socioeconomic, and mental health features of individual suicide decedents by urban-rural residence status. Method: We analyzed suicides in 16 states using 2006-2008 […]

Suicide deaths and nonfatal hospital admissions for deliberate self-harm in the United States: Temporality by day of week and month of year

Background: No one knows whether the temporality of nonfatal deliberate self-harm in the United States mirrors the temporality of suicide deaths. Aims: To analyze day- and month-specific variation in population rates for suicide fatalities and, separately, for hospital admissions for nonfatal deliberate self-harm. Methods: For 12 states, we extracted vital statistics data on all suicides (n = 11,429) and hospital discharge […]

Lifetime risk of suicidal behaviors and communication to a health professional about suicidal ideation: Results from a large survey of the French adult population

Background: There is presently a lack of information on the role of healthcare in suicidal ideation in adults. Aims: To assess the frequencies, patterns, and factors associated with the communication of suicidal ideation toward a health professional. Methods: Participants stem from a French cross-sectional survey of 22,133 randomly selected adults. Lifetime suicidal behaviors and 12-month mental disorder patterns were assessed […]

Calculating the burden of disease of suicide, attempted suicide, and suicide ideation by estimating disability weights

A new application of a comprehensive method for assessing the burden of disease for suicidal behavior has been applied to epidemiological data in The Netherlands. Calculating the burden of disease of suicide in DALYs (disability adjusted life years) puts suicide at 21st in the list of most important diseases in The Netherlands with 43,500 DALYs. […]

The incidence of hospital-treated attempted suicide in Oviedo, Spain

Background: The incidence of hospital-treated attempted suicide has not been well established in Spain. Aims: To determine the incidence of suicide attempters presenting to a hospital in Oviedo, Spain, to describe the nature of the suicidal behavior, and to identify sociodemographic subgroups of the population with high rates. Methods: All admitted to the Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, Oviedo, during […]

Perception of health, suicidal ideation, and suicide attempt among adults in the community

Background: There is a well-known association between perception of poor physical health and higher rates of physical and psychological morbidity. However, little is known about the possible link between perception of health and suicidality. Aims: The study examines the relationship between perception of poor health and suicidal ideation and suicide attempt among adults in the community. Methods: Data […]

Comparative epidemiology of suicide in South Korea and Japan: Effects of age, gender and suicide methods

Background: Suicide is one of the leading causes of mortality in both South Korea and Japan. Aims: The study aims to compare the descriptive epidemiology of suicide over the last two decades (1985-2006) and to explore the conditions associated with the different distribution of suicides in both countries. Methods: Age-standardized suicide rates were obtained from the OECD Health […]

Prevalence of suicidal ideation in Sri Lanka

Background: Suicidal ideation can often lead to suicide attempts and completed suicide. Studies have shown that Sri Lanka has one of the highest rates of suicide in the world but so far no studies have looked at prevalence of suicidal ideation in a general population in Sri Lanka. Aims: We wanted to determine the prevalence of suicidal […]

Factors associated with the history of attempted suicide: A criminal justice population examined with the Addiction Severity Index (ASI)

Background: The present study examines a population of criminal justice clients for suspected substance-related problems. Aims: It aims to identify variables associated with a history of suicide attempt (SA). Method: 6,836 clients were interviewed with the Addiction Severity Index (ASI). Attempters were compared to nonattempters regarding substance use, medical/psychiatric status, family history, and social relationships in a stepwise […]

Suicide by firearms on the island of Crete: A 9-year record

Background: Whereas firearm suicide mortality has been a longstanding public concern worldwide, in Greece no systematic analysis has been reported so far despite the recent evidence of a rising rate of gun ownership. Aims: To estimate the proportion of firearm suicides on the island of Crete, Southern Greece, well-known for its widespread gun ownership; to describe the […]

Suicidal risk and adverse social outcomes in adulthood associated with child and adolescent mental disorders

Objective The life course of children and adolescents with mental disorders is an important area of investigation, yet it remains understudied. This study provides a first-ever comprehensive examination of the relationship between child and adolescent mental disorders and subsequent suicidal and adverse social outcomes in early adulthood using population-based data. Methods De-identified administrative databases were […]

Emergency department presentations with suicide and self-harm ideation: A missed opportunity for intervention?

Aims: Suicidal ideation constitutes a central element of most theories of suicide and is the defining facet separating suicide from other causes of death such as accidents. However, despite a high worldwide prevalence, most research has focused on suicidal behaviours, such as completed suicide and suicide attempts, while the greater proportion who experienced ideation, which […]