Suicidal vulnerability in older adults and the elderly: Study based on risk variables

Background: Predicting suicidal vulnerability based on previous risk factors remains a challenge for mental health professionals, especially in specific subpopulations.
Aims: This study aimed to use structural equation modelling to assess which sociodemographic and clinical variables are most predictive and modulating of repeated self-injury or reattempts at suicide in older adults and the elderly[…]

Aggressive outbursts among adults with major depressive disorder: Results from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiological Surveys

Introduction
Little is known about the epidemiology of aggressive outbursts, including physical assault, property destruction, and verbal aggression, among adults with unipolar Major Depressive Disorder (MDD).
Methods
We examined the prevalence and correlates of aggressive outbursts among adults with primary MDD (N = 2539) from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiological Surveys (N = 20,013) using generalized linear models.
Results
The prevalence[…]

Detecting suicide ideation in the era of social media: The population neuroscience perspective

Social media platforms are increasingly used across many population groups not only to communicate and consume information, but also to express symptoms of psychological distress and suicidal thoughts. The detection of suicidal ideation (SI) can contribute to suicide prevention. Twitter data suggesting SI have been associated with negative emotions (e.g., shame, sadness) and a number[…]

An ecological study of temporal trends in ‘deaths of despair’ in England and Wales

Purpose
There is growing interest in the concept of ‘deaths of despair’ (DoD)—defined as deaths from three causes: suicide, drug poisoning, and alcohol-related conditions—as a more comprehensive indicator of the impact of psychological distress on mortality. The purpose of this study is to investigate the degree of commonality in trends and geographic patterning of[…]

Suicidal vulnerability in older adults and the elderly: Study based on risk variables

Background: Predicting suicidal vulnerability based on previous risk factors remains a challenge for mental health professionals, especially in specific subpopulations.
Aims: This study aimed to use structural equation modelling to assess which sociodemographic and clinical variables are most predictive and modulating of repeated self-injury or reattempts at suicide in older adults and the elderly[…]

Cause of death among patients with thyroid cancer: A population-based study

Background: Over the last decades, the number of patients diagnosed with thyroid carcinoma has been increasing, highlighting the importance of comprehensively evaluating causes of death among these patients. This study aimed to comprehensively characterize the risk of death and causes of death in patients with thyroid carcinoma. Methods: A total of 183,641 patients diagnosed with an index[…]

Self-harm risk in pregnancy: Recurrent-event survival analysis using UK primary care data

Background: Perinatal self-harm is of concern but poorly understood.
Aims: To determine if women’s risk of self-harm changes in pregnancy and the first postpartum year, and if risk varies by mental illness, age and birth outcome.
Method: This was a retrospective cohort study of 2 666 088 women aged 15–45 years from the[…]

Trends in mental illness and suicidality after Hurricane Katrina

A representative sample of 815 pre-hurricane residents of the areas affected by Hurricane Katrina was interviewed 5-8 months after the hurricane and again one year later as the Hurricane Katrina Community Advisory Group (CAG). The follow-up survey was carried out to study patterns-correlates of recovery from hurricane-related post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), broader anxiety-mood disorders, and[…]

Prevalence and individual and work-related factors associated with suicidal thoughts and behaviours among veterinarians in Norway: A cross-sectional, nationwide survey-based study (the NORVET study)

Objectives: Several studies have shown increased suicide rates among veterinarians. We investigated the self-reported prevalence of suicidal thoughts and behaviours and contributing and independent factors associated with suicidal thoughts and behaviours among veterinarians in Norway. Design: Cross-sectional, nationwide survey. Participants: 2596 veterinarians in Norway (response rate: 75%). Main outcome measure: Paykel’s five-item questionnaire. Results: In total, 27% (n=682/2567) of veterinarians[…]

Prevalence of suicidality in the European general population: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Objective
To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the prevalence and variability in suicidality in the general adult population of Europe between 2008 and 2017.
Methods
Studies containing original data on suicidality were identified in five electronic databases. Point, 12-month and lifetime prevalences were calculated for various types of suicidality. Pooled[…]