Internal entrapment and fearlessness about death as precipitants of suicidal thoughts and planning in the context of post-traumatic stress disorder

Background The relationship between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STB) has been extensively studied but explanatory mechanisms remain inconclusive. Entrapment is one variable that evinces a mechanistic relationship with PTSD and STB. The current study examined the indirect effect of PTSD screen on suicide ideation (SI), planning, and likelihood of future […]

Defeat, entrapment, and suicidal ideation: Twelve-month trajectories

Background Defeat and entrapment have been highlighted in the development of suicidal ideation within the Integrated Motivational–Volitional model of suicidal behavior. Research suggests that entrapment has to be differentiated into internal and external entrapment. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between defeat, internal, external entrapment, and suicidal ideation within and prospectively […]

Entrapment and suicidal ideation: The protective roles of presence of life meaning and reasons for living

Objective The integrated motivational–volitional model of suicide proposes that feelings of entrapment play a key role in the development of suicidal ideation. The model also posits a set of motivational moderators which either facilitate or hinder the development of suicidal thinking when entrapment is present. These motivational moderators include factors such as attitudes, future goals, […]

Enduring and distancing: A grounded theory and photovoice study about women’s help-seeking for suicidality in the wake of intimate partner violence

Purpose Intimate partner violence and women’s suicidality are known to be positively correlated; however, behaviour patterns and processes on managing these experiences are not well known. The purpose of this study was to understand how women with a history of intimate partner violence seek help for suicidality through an exploration of women’s perspectives on the […]

Entrapment and escape: Exploring the relationship between suicide and emigration in a post-communist country

Background: Suicide rate in Hungary was nearly the highest in the world in the decades preceding the transition of the social system. Shortly after the transition in 1989, a radical decrease in fatal suicides occurred, parallel with a marked increase in emigration. Methods: We analyzed the data published by the Hungarian Central Statistical Office to detect if […]

Defeat and entrapment mediate the relationship between insomnia symptoms and suicidal ideation in young adults

Aim In recent years, there has been a growing interest in understanding the relationship between sleep disturbance and suicide. The current study aimed to advance understanding of the psychological processes driving these relationships by examining whether insomnia symptoms are related to suicidal ideation via perceptions of defeat and entrapment. Methods Young adults (n = 259; 202 students […]

Challenging the myth of “attention seeking” women with suicidality: A grounded theory study about applying counter-pressure to manage system entrapment

Some women who express suicidal intent and engage in non-lethal self-harm perceive that nurses and other health care workers label them as attention-seeking and manipulative. An understanding of women’s help-seeking behaviors that challenges suicide myths is presented. The purpose of this study was to examine help-seeking for suicidality in women with histories of intimate partner […]

Examining the protective function of perceptions of post-traumatic growth against entrapment and suicidal ideation

Background: Recent evidence has found that reporting post-traumatic growth (PTG) from a past stressful life event is associated with lower reports of suicidal ideation. Perceptions of PTG measure the extent to which an  individual reports positive changes in their identity, relationships, and worldviews after a stressful event. However, little is known about how perceptions of […]

System entrapment: Dehumanization while help-seeking for suicidality in women who have experienced intimate partner violence

Attention to power imbalances when seeking help for suicidality after having been controlled within intimate partner violence (IPV) is crucial in improving health care delivery. Well documented in the literature is the correlation between suicidality and IPV and that help-seeking for each is difficult; however, a gap exists when both intersect. The process of women’s […]

Defeat and entrapment in bipolar disorder: Exploring the relationship with suicidal ideation from a psychological theoretical perspective.

Contemporary psychological theoretical models of suicide hypothesize that defeat and entrapment underlie the development of suicidal ideation. This hypothesis has never been tested in people who experience bipolar disorder. Regression analysis revealed that defeat and entrapment significantly predicted suicidal ideation at 4‐month follow‐up. The relationship between defeat and suicidal ideation was mediated by total entrapment […]

The relationship between entrapment and suicidal behavior through the lens of the integrated motivational-volitional model of suicidal behavior.

Highlights • This article reviews research into the relationship between entrapment and suicidal ideation and behavior. Findings are interpreted within the integrated motivational–volitional of suicidal behavior. There is robust evidence for the entrapment–suicidality relationship. More prospective studies of suicidal behavior are required. Future directions for research into entrapment and suicidal behavior are discussed.

A model of suicidal behavior in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD): The mediating role of defeat and entrapment.

The aim of this study was to examine whether depression, hopelessness and perceptions of defeat and entrapment mediated the effects of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms on suicidal behavior. The results support a recent theoretical model of suicide (The Schematic Appraisal Model of Suicide) which argues that perceptions of defeat and entrapment have a key […]

Prospective predictors of suicidality: Defeat and entrapment lead to changes in suicidal ideation over time.

Theoretical perspectives into suicidality have suggested that heightened perceptions of defeat and entrapment lead to suicidality. However, all previous empirical work has been cross-sectional. We provide the first longitudinal test of the theoretical predictions, in a sample of 79 students who reported suicidality. Participants completed self-report measures of suicidal ideation, depression, defeat, and entrapment at […]

Appraisals and Suicidality: the Mediating Role of Defeat and Entrapment

This study tested whether feelings of defeat & entrapment mediated the effects of negative appraisals upon suicide ideation & behaviour in a sample of 93 English university students who reported some degree of suicide ideation. Results supported a model whereby defeat & entrapment fully mediated the effect of appraisals of social support & problem-solving ability […]

A Case of Entrapment