The psychology of gender, economics, and homicide on suicide in Jamaica: Using time series data from 2000-2019

Introduction: There are approximately 800,000 suicides globally each year, with most cases occurring in low to middle-income countries. An individual commits suicide every 40 seconds. Methods and Materials: This study employs Durkheim’s theory on suicide to explain the macro levels of this phenomenon. The Jamaica Constabulary Force (JCF) and the Statistical Institute of Jamaica (STATIN) […]

The long-run effects of psychotherapy on depression, beliefs, and economic outcomes

We revisit two clinical trials that randomized depressed adults in India (n=775) to a brief course of psychotherapy or a control condition. Four to five years later, the treatment group was 11 percentage points less likely to be depressed than the control group. The more effective intervention averted 9 months of depression on average over […]

Relationship among social capital, employment uncertainty, anxiety, and suicidal behaviors: A chained multi-mediator mediation modeling analysis

Objective Social capital is a significant predictor of suicidal behaviors among Chinese rural migrants. However, the mechanism, including the impact of employment and mental health, has not been fully understood. This study aims to examine the complex relationships linking social capital to suicidal behaviors. Method Data were collected from a probability sample (n = 1,245) of rural […]

Mental health and substance use during COVID-19: Summary report 3 spotlight on income, employment, access

Key findings include: Substance use and mental health concerns are greatest among people with low income or who are unemployed:Problematic cannabis use was reported by 50% of respondents with low income or who are unemployed who use cannabis, while problematic alcohol use was reported by more than 30% of those who drink alcohol. Similarly, 45% […]

The association between unemployment and suicide among employed and unemployed people in Hong Kong: A time-series analysis

Background Unemployment is associated with suicide. However, it is unclear whether the influence of unemployment is consistent on suicide across subgroups with different employment status. This study aimed to explore the immediate and delayed association between unemployment and suicide among unemployed and employed people in Hong Kong. Methods Quarterly statistics on labor force, unemployment rate […]

The impact of temporary contracts on suicide rates

The number of suicides has increased in the last decades in several developed countries. For instance, Spain has experienced a gradual but steady increase in suicides since the 80’s and it is currently the leading external cause of death in the country. At the same time, the dualisation of the labor market, with a strong […]

Sex-specific impact of changes in job status on suicidal ideation

Abstract. Background: Around the globe, 800,000 people die from suicide every year. Despite being one of the leading causes of death, suicide remains a low public health priority. Korea has the second highest total suicide rate among Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries. Aims: The aim of this study was to explore how changes of job status […]

Male-dominated occupations, employment status, and suicidal behaviors among Australian men: A follow-up study using two waves of data from the Ten to Men cohort

Background: Suicide rates are higher among unemployed men as well as those employed in male-dominated occupations such as construction. There has been less research on whether these patterns are similar for suicide ideation and attempt. Aims: In a cohort of 13,892 Australian males, this study examined the relationship between employment status and occupational gender ratio on reported thoughts […]

Suicide risk among native- and foreign-origin persons in Sweden: A longitudinal examination of the role of unemployment status

Purpose Prior research has documented an association between unemployment and elevated suicide risk. Yet, few Swedish studies have explicitly considered how such risk may vary by different migration background characteristics among persons of foreign-origin, who often experience diverse forms of labor market marginalization. This study examines the extent to which unemployment status may differentially influence […]

Thriving at work: The Stevenson/Farmer review of mental health and employers.

This study has led us to conclude that underneath the stigma that surrounds mental health and prevents open discussion on the subject, the UK faces a significant mental health challenge at work. While there are more people at work with mental health conditions than ever before, 300,000 people with a long term mental health problem lose […]

It’s our time: First Nations economic growth and employment. Youth income assistance toolkit. Dollars and sense.

The world of work is changing at a dizzying pace. New occupations and jobs appear almost overnight. Learn how to find satisfying and productive employment and accessing jobs and occupations.

Labour market marginalisation subsequent to suicide attempt in young migrants and native Swedes.

This study aimed to compare young individuals who differed in terms of birth region and history of suicide attempt regarding socio-demographic and healthcare factors, and with regard to their risks of subsequent unemployment, sickness absence and disability pension. Methods Prospective cohort study based on register linkage of 2,801,558 Swedish residents, aged 16–40 years in 2004, […]

Global patterns of workplace productivity for people with depression: Absenteeism and presenteeism costs across eight diverse countries.

Purpose Depression is a leading cause of disability worldwide. Research suggests that by far, the greatest contributor to the overall economic impact of depression is loss in productivity; however, there is very little research on the costs of depression outside of Western high-income countries. Thus, this study examines the impact of depression on workplace productivity […]

Does high emotional demand with low job control relate to suicidal ideation among service and sales workers in Korea?

We examined the relationship of high emotional demands and low job control to suicidal ideation among service and sales workers in Korea. A total of 1,995 service and sales workers participated in this study. Suicidal ideation and level of emotional demand and job control were assessed by self-reported questionnaire in 4th Korean National Health and […]

The chronic impact of work on suicides and under-utilization of psychiatric and psychosocial services.

Work-related stress appears to be a contributing factor in the lives of employed people who kill themselves, particularly during economic downturns. However, few studies have compared them with working community controls who may be experiencing similar strains, in order to explore the role of mental disorders in these deaths and the implication of such strains […]