Suicidal depression in ancient Egypt

Objective To evaluate the oldest record of a depressed individual contemplating suicide. Method A directed review of ancient Egyptology literature of translations and discussion regarding a papyrus that is approximately 4,000 years old. Results The content of the document is consistent with a man going through a severe depression and is contemplating suicide. However, this does […]

Cleopatra’s Corpse: Motivation for Cleopatra’s Suicide in the Ancient Texts

Horace, Plutarch, & Dio Cassius are the 3 main sources for Cleopatra. All used fairly harsh language against her before her suicide but softened their tone & portrayed her more appreciately once she decided to take her own life. This paper explores the possible explanations for this & the apparent contradiction it creates. Through close […]

Attempted Suicide in Egypt

This presentation discussed the epidemiology of attempted suicide in Cairo, Egypt. A crude suicide attempt rate for 1975 was calculated to be 38.5 per 100,000 population. A high percentage of suicides occurred in the age range 15-44 years. The accuracy of official government records was questioned.

Suicide Terrorism: Development & Characteristics

Mental Health in Cairo (Al-Qahira)


Befriending Cairo

Befrienders Cairo opened in 1992. This article discusses the challenges of a new service offered in English & Arabic. Volunteers now represent 15 nationalities. The idea of support through non-judgmental, advice-free listening is new to Egypt, a society in which authority figures abound, the concept of disinterested help is often misunderstood, & advice-giving is expected […]

Suicide and the Afterlife in Ancient Egypt (IN: Suicide Theory and Clinical Aspects, ed. by L D Hankoff and B Einsidler)

The author evaluates the attitudes & concepts of ancient Egyptians concerning death & the afterlife. He concludes that there was relative acceptance of suicide. The ancient Egyptians did not view suicide as a violation of their religion or their legal code. This attitude may even have been tempered by a certain desirability of the tranquil […]

Some Patterns of Suicide & Parasuicide in Africa

This summary looks at patterns of suicide in the 5 major geographic areas of Africa represented by Egypt, Nigeria, Zimbabwe, Zambia & South Africa. Evidence indicates a relatively low rate of suicide & attempted suicide in comparison with non-Africans & Africans elsewhere. There appears to be a gradual change from hanging to chemicals as a […]

Depression and Suicide in Egypt

This Egyptian study explores the differences in the symptomatology of depression & rates of suicide that distinguish this country from other nations. Higher suicidal ideation & lower attempts and/or actual suicides are attributed to high social integration, externalization of guilt feelings, use of projective mechanisms, family cohesion & religious condemnation of the act of suicide.(NBB)

Ancient Egyptian Attitudes Toward Death and Suicide

Discusses ancient Egyptian attitudes toward death & suicide using evidence from history, literature & artifacts. Egyptians in the 2nd millennium B.C. did not appear to view suicide as a violation of religious or legal codes. Attitudes toward suicide may have been tempered by a certain desirability for the tranquility of death. Literary references suggest there […]

Short-Term Experience of the Newly Established Poison Control Centre of Cairo

Attempted Suicide: An Egyptian Investigation

This study comprises 200 cases from a total of 1,155 patients who attempted suicide in 1975 & were admitted to the casualty department of Ain Shams university Hospital in Cairo. A crude rate of suicide attempts in Cairo would be 38.5 per 100,000. There was a high percentage among the age group 15-44 years with […]

Prevalence of Suicidal Feelings in a Sample of Non-Consulting Medical Students

516 final-year non-consulting medical students were studied as to the occurrence of different degrees of suicidal feelings. A total of 12.6% reported some degree of suicidal feelings during the past year. In 5.6% of the subjects the maximum intensity was only a feeling that life was not worthwhile, 4% had thought of taking their life, […]