Financial strain, suicidal thoughts, and suicidal behavior among US Military personnel in the National Guard

Background: Although financial strain is an identified risk factor for suicide among US military personnel, research is limited regarding the specific dimensions of financial strain that confer the greatest risk. Aims: The present study examined the associations among multiple indicators of financial strain, suicide ideation, and suicide attempts in a sample of US National Guard personnel, a high-risk […]

Pedianomics: The social return on investment in improving the health and wellbeing of children and adolescents

The report is a comprehensive assessment of the past 5 years of investments in the lives of 8 million young Canadians, making the case to put children first during budget planning. The report presents new data on the multi-billion dollar impact of the recent tripledemic pediatric crisis and lack of progress in improving children’s health, with […]

The economics of suicide: Evidence from LMICs and HICs

Suicide is an important global public health concern. This paper deals with the topic of suicide froman economic perspective. Thus, the study analyses the effect of key economic indicators on the suiciderate in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs) and high-income countries (HICs). The empirical analysis is made by employing the search variable selection method and using […]

The re-emerging suicide crisis in the U.S.: Patterns, causes and solutions

The suicide rate in the United States has risen nearly 40 percent since 2000. This increase is puzzling because suicide rates had been falling for decades at the end of the 20th Century. In this paper, we review important facts about the changing rate of suicide. General trends miss the story of important differences across […]

Suicide and the economy: A regional analysis of Italy

This note investigates the empirical pattern of suicides across Italy over the last 15 years. Typically, a country shares similar basic cultural and social macro-features. Yet in Italy there are marked variations across the regions such that it provides a useful setting to examine the economic factors that influence suicidality. The results align with some earlier […]

The economic and potential years of life lost from suicide in Taiwan, 1997-2007

Background: Taiwan has experienced a marked increase in the suicide rate in the last decade. However, the socioeconomic burden and impact to the community has not been adequately assessed. Aims: This study aimed to estimate the social and economic burden of premature mortality from suicide in Taiwan in 1997-2007. Methods: The suicide rate, potential years of life lost […]

Suicide and economic uncertainty: New findings in a global setting

This study extends the previous literature on the association between country-level economic uncertainty and suicide rate to 141 countries by introducing the World Uncertainty Index. We first examine the role of economic uncertainty on the suicide rates in a global setting for the period 2000–2019 and then analyze if the association varied across different income groups. Our […]

Cost-effectiveness of implementing a suicide prediction tool (OxMIS) in severe mental illness: Economic modeling study

Background: Cost-effectiveness analysis needs to be considered when introducing new tools and treatments to clinical services. The number of new assessment tools in mental health has rapidly expanded, including suicide risk assessment. Such suicide-based assessments, when linked to preventative interventions, are integral to high-quality mental health care for people with severe mental illness (SMI). We […]

The psychology of gender, economics, and homicide on suicide in Jamaica: Using time series data from 2000-2019

Introduction: There are approximately 800,000 suicides globally each year, with most cases occurring in low to middle-income countries. An individual commits suicide every 40 seconds. Methods and Materials: This study employs Durkheim’s theory on suicide to explain the macro levels of this phenomenon. The Jamaica Constabulary Force (JCF) and the Statistical Institute of Jamaica (STATIN) […]

The impact of macroeconomic factors on suicide in 175 countries over 27 years

Background Every year, more than 800,000 people die by suicide, three-quarters of which are males. Economic factors influence suicide rates, but a worldwide perspective of their impact according to age and sex is lacking. Method We queried publicly available datasets on economic factors and on suicide rates stratified according to sex and age, from 1991 […]

Global economic uncertainty and suicide: Worldwide evidence

Economic uncertainty is a driver of the business cycle. In a recent study, Claveria (2022) used a fixed-effects model to assess the impact of uncertainty on suicide rates worldwide. Using that same panel, in which global economic uncertainty is linked to the evolution of the suicide rates in 183 countries between 2000 and 2019, this […]

State-Level Economic Costs of Fatal Injuries — United States, 2019

Unintentional and violence-related injury fatalities, including suicide, homicide, overdoses, motor vehicle crashes, and falls, were among the 10 leading causes of death for all age groups in the United States in 2019. There were 246,041 injury deaths in 2019 (unintentional injury was the most frequent cause of death after heart disease and cancer) with an […]

Economics of suicide (IN: Handbook of Labor, Human Resources and Population Economics, edited by K.F. Zimmermann)

Suicide is a global phenomenon causing tremendous social, emotional, and economic costs. Yet while suicide deaths are widespread, well-identified empirical studies in economics remain rare. This chapter reviews the leading economic models of suicide, followed by a discussion on stylized empirical patterns found in suicide rates. It summarizes the empirical evidence on which macroeconomic and […]

Uncovering the hidden iceberg: Why the human impact of COVID-19 could be a third crisis

The report covers the following topics: A study of mental health impacts of previous disasters. Public health data from the 2016 Fort McMurray wildfires provides insight into mental, behavioural, and anxiety-related disorders, as well as antidepressant use, both during and after the crisis. Understanding the impact of long-term unemployment on mental health. By examining the 1990 and […]

An empirical investigation of the relationship between business performance and suicide in the US

Previous research suggests that mortality rates behave pro-cyclically with respect to economic growth, with suicides representing a notable exception that consistently increase in economic downturns. Over recent years, there is ample evidence in the literature that the working environment in the US has deteriorated significantly, suggesting that suicide rates may not necessarily behave in a […]

Social and economic determinants of suicide: A panel data analysis of 15 European countries

This study is attempted to examine the economic and social determinants of suicide by employing panel data analysis of 15 European countries over the period 1991-2015. It also analyzes whether the effect of the determinants is different by age group and by gender to avoid unclearness of what kind of population is affected by the […]

Economic and epidemiological impact of youth suicide in countries with the highest human development index

This research estimates the economic and epidemiological impact of youth suicide in countries with the highest human development index. The study relied on secondary analysis of suicide mortality data for youth aged between 15–24 years in countries with the highest human development index–Norway, Australia, Switzerland, Germany, Denmark, Singapore, Netherlands, Ireland, Canada and the United States. […]

Recessions and health: The long-term health consequences of responses to coronavirus

The current lockdown and social distancing measures brought about by the coronavirus crisis, coupled with the direct effects of the virus on workers and firms, are having a huge impact on economies in the UK and around the world. Existing literature on the health impacts of business-cycle fluctuations and recessions shows that the resulting economic […]

Increased risk of suicide due to economic and social impact of social distancing measures to address the Covid-19 pandemic: A forecast

Background. Due to the Covid-19 pandemic there have been unprecedented increases in unemployment and social isolation nationally and globally. Predicting suicide rates as a result of this pandemic can provide information about the potential mental health ramifications and supports that may be needed. This article aims to forecast the potential increased incidence of suicide due […]

‘Dead people don’t claim’: A psychopolitical autopsy of UK austerity suicides

One of the symptoms of post financial crisis austerity in the UK has been an increase in the numbers of suicides, especially by people who have experienced welfare reform. This article develops and utilises an analytic framework of psychopolitical autopsy to explore media coverage of ‘austerity suicide’ and to take seriously the psychic life of […]

Prevalence, distribution, and associated factors of suicide attempts in young adolescents: School-based data from 40 low-income and middle-income countries

Suicide attempts are the most important known predictor of death by suicide. The aim of this study is to examine the prevalence, distribution, and associated factors of suicide attempts among young adolescents in 40 low-income and middle-income countries. We used data from the Global School-Based Student Health Survey (2009–2013) and a nationally representative study in […]

Can economic policies reduce deaths of despair?

Midlife mortality has risen steadily in the U.S. since the 1990s for non-Hispanic whites without a bachelor’s degree, and since 2013 for Hispanics and African-Americans who lack a bachelor’s degree. These increases largely reflect increased mortality from alcohol poisoning, drug overdose and suicide. We investigate whether these “deaths of despair” trends have been mitigated by […]

Quality assessment of economic evaluations of suicide and self-harm interventions: A systematic review

Background: Death following self-harm constitutes a major global public health challenge and there is an urgent need for governments to implement cost-effective, national suicide prevention strategies. Aim: To conduct a systematic review and quality appraisal of the economic evaluations of interventions aimed at preventing suicidal behavior. Method: A systematic literature search was performed in several literature databases to identify […]