Global economic uncertainty and suicide: Worldwide evidence

Economic uncertainty is a driver of the business cycle. In a recent study, Claveria (2022) used a fixed-effects model to assess the impact of uncertainty on suicide rates worldwide. Using that same panel, in which global economic uncertainty is linked to the evolution of the suicide rates in 183 countries between 2000 and 2019, this[…]

State-Level Economic Costs of Fatal Injuries — United States, 2019

Unintentional and violence-related injury fatalities, including suicide, homicide, overdoses, motor vehicle crashes, and falls, were among the 10 leading causes of death for all age groups in the United States in 2019. There were 246,041 injury deaths in 2019 (unintentional injury was the most frequent cause of death after heart disease and cancer) with an[…]

Economics of suicide (IN: Handbook of Labor, Human Resources and Population Economics, edited by K.F. Zimmermann)

Suicide is a global phenomenon causing tremendous social, emotional, and economic costs. Yet while suicide deaths are widespread, well-identified empirical studies in economics remain rare. This chapter reviews the leading economic models of suicide, followed by a discussion on stylized empirical patterns found in suicide rates. It summarizes the empirical evidence on which macroeconomic and[…]

Uncovering the hidden iceberg: Why the human impact of COVID-19 could be a third crisis

The report covers the following topics: A study of mental health impacts of previous disasters. Public health data from the 2016 Fort McMurray wildfires provides insight into mental, behavioural, and anxiety-related disorders, as well as antidepressant use, both during and after the crisis.
Understanding the impact of long-term unemployment on mental health. By examining the 1990[…]

An empirical investigation of the relationship between business performance and suicide in the US

Previous research suggests that mortality rates behave pro-cyclically with respect to economic growth, with suicides representing a notable exception that consistently increase in economic downturns. Over recent years, there is ample evidence in the literature that the working environment in the US has deteriorated significantly, suggesting that suicide rates may not necessarily behave in a[…]

Social and economic determinants of suicide: A panel data analysis of 15 European countries

This study is attempted to examine the economic and social determinants of suicide by employing panel data analysis of 15 European countries over the period 1991-2015. It also analyzes whether the effect of the determinants is different by age group and by gender to avoid unclearness of what kind of population is affected by the[…]

Economic and epidemiological impact of youth suicide in countries with the highest human development index

This research estimates the economic and epidemiological impact of youth suicide in countries with the highest human development index. The study relied on secondary analysis of suicide mortality data for youth aged between 15–24 years in countries with the highest human development index–Norway, Australia, Switzerland, Germany, Denmark, Singapore, Netherlands, Ireland, Canada and the United States.[…]

Recessions and health: The long-term health consequences of responses to coronavirus

The current lockdown and social distancing measures brought about by the coronavirus crisis, coupled with the direct effects of the virus on workers and firms, are having a huge impact on economies in the UK and around the world. Existing literature on the health impacts of business-cycle fluctuations and recessions shows that the resulting economic[…]

Increased risk of suicide due to economic and social impact of social distancing measures to address the Covid-19 pandemic: A forecast

Background. Due to the Covid-19 pandemic there have been unprecedented increases in unemployment and social isolation nationally and globally. Predicting suicide rates as a result of this pandemic can provide information about the potential mental health ramifications and supports that may be needed. This article aims to forecast the potential increased incidence of suicide due[…]

‘Dead people don’t claim’: A psychopolitical autopsy of UK austerity suicides

One of the symptoms of post financial crisis austerity in the UK has been an increase in the numbers of suicides, especially by people who have experienced welfare reform. This article develops and utilises an analytic framework of psychopolitical autopsy to explore media coverage of ‘austerity suicide’ and to take seriously the psychic life of[…]