Neither God nor others: A qualitative study of strategies for avoiding suicide among homeless people

Introduction Drug addiction and alcoholism characterize the existential condition of most homeless people, while the risk of suicide runs in parallel. Objectives Following the Provisional Model (PM), this study aimed to explore the relationships between addiction, suicidal ideation, and religiosity among 13 homeless people, and the roles of bonding ties (within the group) and bridging […]

Completed suicide among methamphetamine users: A national study

All Australian cases of methamphetamine-related suicide (2009-2015) retrieved from the National Coronial Information System were examined to determine crude mortality rates, characteristics and circumstances of death, and blood toxicology. There were 300 cases, 18.2% of all methamphetamine-related deaths, and 1.6% of all completed suicides. The mean age was 33.1 years, and 77.0% were male. The crude […]

Addiction severity and suicidal behaviors among persons entering treatment.

The aim of this study was three-fold: to compare the rates for suicidal behaviors based on the problem substance, to look at the association between addiction severity and suicidal behaviors, and to identify the components of addiction severity associated with suicidal behaviors. Addiction Severity Index databases from three public rehabilitation centers were merged for analyses, […]

Suicidal ideation among heroin-abusing mothers in methadone maintenance treatment.

Background: There is a dearth of information about mothers in methadone maintenance treatment (MMT), their parental stress, and suicidal ideation. Aim: To evaluate parenting stress and suicidal ideation among heroin-dependent mothers in MMT. Method: The study was conducted at an MMT center. Inclusion criteria were mothers with at least one child between 6–12 years of […]

A cross-national comparison of suicide attempts, drug use, and depressed mood among Dominican youth.

Journal held in CSP Library.

Factors that affect adolescent drug users’ suicide attempts.

Drug abuse has been widely linked to suicide risk. We examined the factors that affect adolescent drug users’ suicide attempts in South Korea. This study analyzed the data of 311 adolescents who had used drugs such as inhalants, psychotropic drugs, and marijuana (195 males and 116 females). Among 311 subjects, 109 (35.0%) had attempted suicide […]

Childhood sexual abuse and syringe sharing among people who inject drugs.

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Heavy alcohol use and suicidal behavior among people who use illicit drugs: A cohort study.

Highlights ¥ We investigated the association between at-risk/heavy alcohol use and suicidal behavior among people who use drugs over eight years. ¥ Data from two prospective cohort studies of people who use drugs were examined using recurrent event survival analyses. ¥ Heavy alcohol use patterns predicted an increased risk of repeated suicide attempts, independent of […]

Preventing addiction related suicide: A pilot study.

Persons addicted to alcohol and drugs are at 5Ð10 times higher risk for suicide as compared to the general population. To address the need for improved suicide prevention strategies in this population, the Preventing Addiction Related Suicide (PARS) module was developed.

Emergency department visits for drug-related suicide attempts by adolescents: 2008.

In order to qualify as a DAWN case, the ED visit must have involved a drug, either as the direct cause of the visit or as a contributing factor. The DAWN data indicate that during 2008, 8.8 percent of drug-related ED visits made by adolescents ages 12 to 17 involved suicide attempts. Females were the […]

Alcohol and other drug use, partner violence, and mental health problems among female sex workers in Southwest China.

A total of 1,022 female sex workers completed a self-administered survey on their demographic characteristics, mental health status, substance use behaviors, and experiences of partner violence. We found that alcohol use was independently predictive of mental health problems when both partner violence and illicit drug use were accounted for in the multivariate logistic regression models. […]

Exploring binge drinking and drug use among American Indians: Data from adolescent focus groups.

Participants reported substance use most commonly with ÒfamilyÓ and Òfriends,Ó Òat a house,Ó or Òaround the community.Ó Substance use was not confined to a particular time of day, and often occurred Òat school.Ó Commonly endorsed reasons fell into two main categories: Òto avoid problemsÓ or Òto reduce negative feelings,Ó versus Òto be coolÓ or Òto […]

Risk and protective factors for suicide among patients with methamphetamine dependence: a nested case-control study.

Objective: Methamphetamine as a recreational drug has undergone cycles of popularity, with a recent surge worldwide since the 1990s. This study aimed to identify clinical characteristics associated with suicide mortality in patients with methamphetamine dependence by means of a nested case-control design. Method: In a consecutive series of 1,480 inpatients with methamphetamine dependence (diagnosed according […]

Strain on the street: the retreat from drug use to suicide among homeless youth.

Delinquency research defines retreatists as “double-failures” who often withdraw from society and indulge in habitual drug use. Based on a combination of the retreatist literature and general strain theory, we develop a model that includes measures of strain and substance use. Using logistic regression, we test this model on a sample of 425 homeless adolescents. […]

Profiles and mental health correlates of alcohol and illicit drug use in the Canadian population: an exploration of the J-Curve hypothesis.

Alcohol and (or) illicit drug use (AIDU) problems are associated with mental health difficulties, but low-to-moderate alcohol consumption may have mental health benefits, compared with abstinence. Our study aimed to explore the hypothesis of a nonlinear, or J-curve, relation between AIDU profiles and psychological distress, psychiatric disorders, and mental health service use in the general […]