Understanding mental health conditions and key coping strategies utilized during major lockdowns in the Caribbean based on Google trends searches

The COVID-19 pandemic has prompted countries to implement extended Shelter in Place Orders (SIPOs) to restrict population movement and mitigate community spread. While these lockdown measures may be effective in containing the virus, they can substantially impact the population’s well-being, potentially undermining their overall welfare. This study investigates whether major lockdowns implemented in the Caribbean […]

Stress, suicidality, post-traumatic stress disorder, emotional distress, and social isolation among U.S. adults experiencing online abuse or harassment

Technology-facilitated abuse (TFA) is the misuse of technology to harm, harass, threaten, coerce, exploit, or violate a person. The purpose of this study was to quantify the prevalence, and identify correlates, of five conditions (i.e., feeling sick from stress, feeling suicidal, experiencing post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms, emotional distress, and social isolation) among U.S. adults ages […]

Relationship between self-esteem and suicidal ideation before and during COVID-19 in a non-clinical sample: Mediating effects of psychological distress and hopelessness

Introduction: Several studies have highlighted the impact of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic on suicide. Accordingly, investigating the risk factors of suicide during this crisis is important. Based on the escape theory of suicide, the current study examined the serial mediating roles of psychological distress and hopelessness in the relationship between self-esteem and suicidal ideation. […]

The effects of social media addiction, psychological distress, and loneliness on suicide ideations and attempts among healthcare professionals in Saudi Arabia

Introduction: Recently, there has been an alarming increase in psychological distress in many populations. One of the reasons can be attributed to the rapid development of technology and social media, which could adversely affect the mental health of individuals, including those working in healthcare. This study aimed to assess the influence of social media addiction, […]

Psychological distress, self-harm and suicide attempts in gender minority compared with cisgender adolescents in the UK

Background: Few population-based studies have compared the mental health of gender minority and cisgender adolescents. Aims: To compare reports of psychological distress, behavioural and emotional difficulties, self-harm and suicide attempts between gender minority and cisgender adolescents. Method: Data came from the Millennium Cohort Study (n = 10 247), a large nationally representative birth cohort in the UK. At a […]

Why is non-suicidal self-injury more common in women? Mediation and moderation analyses of psychological distress, emotion dysregulation, and impulsivity

Objective: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) appears to be more common among women than men, though the underlying reasons for this remain unclear. In a community sample of young adults (N = 996, aged 18-33) assessed during the COVID-19 pandemic, we investigated alternative explanation for the NSSI prevalence gap: are women more likely to experience the feelings which lead […]

Trends in psychological distress among adults in England, 2020-2022

Importance: In the last 3 years, people in England have lived through a pandemic and cost-of-living and health care crises, all of which may have contributed to worsening mental health in the population. Objective: To estimate trends in psychological distress among adults over this period and to examine differences by key potential moderators. Design, setting, and participants: A […]

Cancer patients’ mental health distress and suicidality: Impact on oncology healthcare workers and coping strategies

Background: A substantial number of people with cancer endorse suicidality when compared with the general population. Thus, oncology healthcare workers may experience the death of a patient to suicide over their careers. Aims: To explore the impact of patients’ mental health distress and suicidality on oncology personnel with a secondary aim of exploring how personnel cope with these […]

Australian physiotherapists’ perceived frequency of contact with clients experiencing distress: A cross-sectional survey

Background: Previous research suggests physiotherapists’ perceived frequency of contact with clients experiencing psychological distress is common; however, there is significant variation in the frequency of such contact. Objective: The study aimed to 1) investigate Australian physiotherapists’ perceived frequency of contact with clients experiencing various forms of psychological distress; 2) identify potential factors that predict perceived frequency of […]

Longitudinal associations among dimensional symptoms of depression and anxiety and first onset suicidal ideation in adolescents

Introduction Depression and anxiety are implicated in suicide risk, but the contributionof specific symptom dimensions within these disorders is not well understood. The present study examined longitudinal associations of transdiagnostic symptoms (General Distress[GD]) and unique symptom dimensions (Anhedonia–Apprehension [AA], Fears, and Narrow Depression [ND]) of depression and anxiety and suicidal ideation (SI). Methods Data from […]

A systematic review exploring characteristics of youth with severe and enduring mental health problems (SEMHP)

A small group of youth and emerging adults deals with severe and enduring mental health problems (SEMHP). Current mental health care struggles to recognize and treat this group timely and adequately, leaving these youth between the cracks of the system. A first step to improve care for this group is to gain a deeper understanding […]

Psychological distress and suicidal ideation in Australian online help-seekers: The mediating role of perceived burdensomeness

Background Psychological distress, an umbrella term encompassing emotional anguish and cognitive-behavioral symptoms of anxiety and depression, is closely linked to suicidal ideation. However, the mechanism of this relationship is unclear, dampening the utility of distress screening in suicide prevention. Purpose This study aimed to identify potential mediators of this relationship, and whether effects are sex-specific. […]

The therapist’s reaction to a patient’s suicide: Results of a survey and implications for health care professionals’ well-being

Background: A substantial proportion of therapists experience the loss of a patient to suicide at some point during their professional life. Aims: To assess (1) the impact of a patient’s suicide on therapists distress and well-being over time, (2) which factors contribute to the reaction, and (3) which subgroup might need special interventions in the aftermath of […]

Demographic and clinical presentations of youth using enhanced mental health services in six Indigenous communities form the ACCESS Open Minds Network

Objective In many Indigenous communities, youth mental health services are inadequate. Six Indigenous communities participating in the ACCESS Open Minds (AOM) network implemented strategies to transform their youth mental health services. This report documents the demographic and clinical presentations of youth accessing AOM services at these Indigenous sites. Methods Four First Nations and two Inuit […]

Factors related to psychological distress in suicide prevention supporters during the COVID-19 pandemic

Purpose: Psychological distress and related factors in suicide prevention supporters during the COVID-19 pandemic were clarified. Methods: A web-based survey for supporters from helplines or psychiatric institutions was conducted from May to July 2021. It included items about profession, stress and anxiety, and the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale. Results: 818 participants were analyzed. Psychological distress […]

The psychological distress and suicide-related ideation in hospital workers during the COVID-19 pandemic: Second results from repeated cross-sectional surveys

The COVID-19 pandemic has been affecting the mental health of hospital workers. During the prolonged pandemic, hospital workers may experience much more severe psychological distress, leading to an increased risk of suicide. This study aimed to investigate changes in psychological effects on hospital workers over 12 months from the beginning of the pandemic and clarify […]

Geography, rurality, and community distress: deaths due to suicide, alcohol‑use, and drug‑use among Colorado Veterans

Background: In the USA, deaths due to suicide, alcohol, or drug-related causes (e.g., alcohol-related liver disease, overdose) have doubled since 2002. Veterans appear disproportionately impacted by growing trends. Limited research has been conducted regarding the relationship between community-level factors (e.g., rurality, community distress resulting from economic conditions) and the presence of spatial clustering of suicide, alcohol-related, […]

Suicide of farmer and farm workers amid COVID-19 in India

The purpose of the study is to examine the current scenario of farmers’ suicide in India. Farmer suicides in India refer to the national catastrophe of farmers committing suicide since the 1990s. The farmers’ suicide rate in India had  ranged between 1.4 and 1.8 per 100,000 total population, over a 10-year period through 2005, however […]

Using vocal characteristics to classify psychological distress in adult helpline callers: Retrospective observational study

Background: Elevated psychological distress has demonstrated impacts on individuals’ health. Reliable and efficient ways to detect distress are key to early intervention. Artificial intelligence has the potential to detect states of emotional distress in an accurate, efficient, and timely manner. Objective: The aim of this study was to automatically classify short segments of speech obtained […]

Paradoxical positivity: Suicide notes use less distressed language than blogs about depression, suicidal thoughts, and even cooking

Introduction While suicide attempts and deaths increase, research and assessment methods have stagnated in terms of increasing predictive power. Lexical analysis has been a useful method in descriptive suicide research, but may have utility for assessment and prediction. Objective The present study used lexical analysis to examine language differences across a spectrum of psychological distress, […]

Distress tolerance as a moderator of the dynamic associations between interpersonal needs and suicidal thoughts

Background Identifying the interaction between dispositional and dynamic risk factors is necessary in understanding, predicting, and managing suicide risk. Interpersonal factors have consistently been linked to suicidal ideation over short-term periods. Additionally, distress tolerance may be a relevant dispositional protective factor against stressful events. Methods Seven hundred and seventeen psychiatric inpatients (Male = 30.31%, Average Age = 40.71 years, Min = 14, […]

Co-creating safe spaces: Study protocol for translational research on innovative alternatives to the emergency department for people experiencing emotional distress and/ or suicidal crisis

Introduction Safe spaces are an alternative to emergency departments, which are often unable to provide optimum care for people experiencing emotional distress and/or suicidal crisis. At present, there are several different safe space models being trialled in Australia. However, research examining the effectiveness of safe space models, especially in community settings, is rare. In this […]

Differences in reactions to media reporting of a celebrity suicide between emotionally distressed and nondistressed individuals in Taiwan

Background: The differences in emotional reactions toward media reports of celebrity suicides between distressed and non-distressed individuals have rarely been explored. Aim: We aimed to explore differences in reaction patterns to the news coverage of a celebrity’s suicide between distressed and nondistressed individuals in Taiwan. Method: We conducted an Internet survey to assess the impact of the news coverage of […]