Dissociation and acquired capability as facilitators of suicide ideation among soldiers

Background: The phenomenon of suicide and suicidal behaviors during military service is universal, with a recent dramatic rise in some armies. Aims: The aim of this study was to shed light on the role of dissociation and habituation as facilitators of suicidal behavior, beyond other well-established risk factors of stress, such as depression and hopelessness. Method: The study group included […]

Unravelling psychiatric heterogeneity and predicting suicide attempts in women with trauma-related dissociation using artificial intelligence

Background: Suicide is a leading cause of death, and rates of attempted suicide have increased during the COVID-19 pandemic. The under-diagnosed psychiatric phenotype of dissociation is associated with elevated suicidal self-injury; however, it has largely been left out of attempts to predict and prevent suicide. Objective: We designed an artificial intelligence approach to identify dissociative patients and […]

Exploring the indirect effects of acute dissociation on capability and suicide risk: A multi-method investigation with augmented reality

Introduction The current study aimed to explicate the role of dissociation in the capability and suicide relationship by examining how lifetime and state-based acute dissociation contributes to capability for suicide using a multi-method approach of self-report and augmented reality (AR) laboratory tasks. Method Participants (N = 145) were students recruited for course credit at a southern university. […]

Dissociative tendencies aggregate the impact of negative life events on non-suicidal self-injury among male juvenile delinquents

Non-suicidal self-injury is a significant global public health problem during adolescence, nevertheless there is a lack of investigations among juvenile offenders. Our cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the relationship between negative life events and self-harm, including the effects of dissociation and experiential avoidance that accounted for this link in a sample of underaged male offenders […]

The effect of sexual abuse and dissociation on suicide attempt

Background Suicide attempt is the most predictive risk factor of suicide. Trauma – especially sexual abuse – is a risk factor for suicide attempt and suicide. A common reaction to sexual abuse is dissociation. Higher levels of dissociation are linked to self-harm, suicide ideation, and suicide attempt, but the role of dissociation in suicidal behavior […]

Does state dissociation mediate the relation between alcohol intoxication and deliberate self-harm?

Research supports the notion that alcohol intoxication is a risk factor for deliberate self-harm (DSH). However, the underlying mechanisms for this relationship are poorly understood. We aimed to determine whether alcohol-induced dissociation mediated alcohol’s effects on DSH. We used data from a dose-response study of alcohol intoxication and DSH to test the proposed model. Participants […]

The mediating roles of hostility and dissociation in the relationship between sexual assault and suicidal thinking in college students.

Sexual assault and suicide are two serious public health concerns. Research has documented the relationship between sexual assault and suicidal thinking and attempts; however, limited research explores the more multifaceted relationships between posttraumatic stress reactions and suicidal ideation in college students through unsuccessful modulation of emotion. The authors hypothesized a mediation model where the relationship […]

From traumatic events and dissociation to body image and depression symptoms: In search of self-destruction syndrome in adolescents who engage in nonsuicidal self-injury.

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to analyze relationships between the variables: severity of depression symptoms, feelings towards one’s own body, dissociation, the number and type of traumatic life events experienced by adolescents who engage in deliberate self-injury and are psychiatrically hospitalized. METHODS: We examined 60 patients aged 13-17 (M = 15.48, SD = […]

Navigating undiagnosed dissociative identity disorder in the inpatient setting: A case report.

BACKGROUND: This case illustrates previously undiagnosed dissociative identity disorder (DID) in a middle-aged female with extensive childhood trauma, who was high functioning prior to a trigger that caused a reemergence of her symptoms. The trigger sparked a dissociative state, attempted suicide, and subsequent inpatient psychiatric hospitalization. OBJECTIVE: Practitioners should include in their differential and screen […]

Traumatic dissociation as a predictor of posttraumatic stress disorder in South African female rape survivors.

Women survivors of rape are at an increased risk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Traumatic dissociation has been identified as a precursor of PTSD. This study assessed the predictive potential of traumatic dissociation in PTSD and depression development. The study followed a longitudinal, prospective design. Ninety-seven female rape survivors were recruited from 2 clinics in […]