Disaster and suicide prevention activities: A literature review focused on suicide-related outcomes

BACKGROUND: Numerous epidemiological studies regarding suicide after disasters exist, but there are few comprehensive reviews pertaining to suicide prevention activities after disasters. Therefore, this review aimed to consider the kinds of suicide prevention activities that have been implemented and which may be effective. METHODS: A search was carried out to find articles that mentioned the […]

Re-increased male suicide rates in the recovery phase following the great East Japan earthquake: A 7-year follow-up study in Miyagi Prefecture

Background: Monitoring of suicide rates in the recovery phase following a devastating disaster has been limited. Aim: We report on a 7-year follow-up of the suicide rates in the area affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake, which occurred in March 2011. Method: This descriptive study covered the period from March 2009 to February 2018. Period analysis was used to […]

Characteristics of disaster-related suicide in Fukushima prefecture after the nuclear accident

Background: Suicide is a major concern after the 2011 earthquake and nuclear accident in Fukushima. Aims: This study delineates characteristics of the disaster-related suicides in Fukushima. Method: Data provided by the Fukushima Prefectural Police and data published by the Fukushima or Japanese Government were analyzed. Numbers of disaster-related suicides and evacuees were compared among the three prefectures affected. Age, sex, […]

The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on suicide rate trends in the tsunami-disaster-affected area following the great East Japan earthquake: A descriptive study

Background: People who experienced the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE) were expected to have additional levels of psychological burden resulting from the stressful conditions imposed during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic; consequently, suicide rates may increase. Aim: We aimed to carry out continuous monitoring of suicide rates in the affected area following the GEJE under COVID-19 pandemic […]

The suicidal ideation of disaster victims: A nationwide cross-sectional study

Purpose: Various natural and human made disasters occur worldwide. This study aimed to identify the factors affecting suicidal ideation in victims of disasters such as typhoons, heavy rainfall, fires, and earthquakes. Methods: Data were obtained from a long-term survey on life changes among disaster victims conducted in 2019 by the National Disaster Management Research Institute. […]

Suicide death rate after disasters: A meta-analysis study

Background Disasters have undesirable effects on health among individuals such as psychosocial disorders which may lead lead to suicide in some cases. Thus, the present study aimed to measure the rate of suicide death after disasters all over the world. Methods In the present meta-analysis study, all of the articles published in English until the […]

Suicide rates in evacuation areas after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster: A 5-year follow-up study in Fukushima Prefecture

Background: Associations between nuclear disasters and suicide have been examined to a limited extent. Aim: To clarify the suicide rates in evacuation areas after the nuclear disaster in Fukushima, which occurred in March 2011. Method: This descriptive study used monthly data from vital statistics between March 2009 and December 2015. Suicide rates in areas to which evacuation orders had been issued, requiring […]

Consequences of toxic disasters for rescue, recovery, and clean-up workers require integrated mental and physical health monitoring.