Differences in suicide risk correlates and history of suicide ideation and attempts as a function of disability type

Background Disability status is associated with correlates of suicide risk (perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, negative future disposition, felt stigma, suicidal ideation, and suicide attempts). Aims This study aimed to examine whether suicide-related correlates differ significantly as a function of disability type. Methods Individuals with mobility and vision disabilities (N = 102) completed semistructured interviews and online-based questionnaires. […]

Association between functional disability type and suicide-related outcomes among U.S. adults with disabilities in the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2015–2019

While research on suicidal behavior for people with disability (PWD) suggests they experience higher risk than people without disability, less is known about variations among individuals with different disability types. This nationally representative, cross-sectional study compared differences in suicide-related outcomes (ideation, planning, attempts) among PWD by functional disability type (hearing, vision, cognitive, mobility, complex activity) and number. […]

2022 State of the child report

The report provides an analysis of data released last fall in the Child Rights Indicator Framework. It includes five recommendations and examines some of the challenges faced by children with disabilities, as well as how their rights are being met.    

Service-connected disabilities and suicide attempts in veterans: The moderating role of mental health care utilization

United States veteran suicide rates have increased over the past two decades. Designations of service-connected disabilities (designations tied to injury during military service) are also increasing, especially those associated with mental health disorders. However, recent research around disability and suicide in veterans is mixed, and no research has been completed on the association between disability […]

Mental health-related disability rises among employed Canadians during pandemic, 2021

New combined data from the Labour Force Survey (LFS) and the Canadian Income Survey shed new light on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the prevalence of disability in the workplace. Among those who were employed during the first four months of 2021, more than one in five (21.5%) had a physical, mental health, […]

Association between disability and suicide-related outcomes among U.S. adults

Introduction: Although research has analyzed the sociodemographic and socioeconomic risks for suicide, only recently has suicide risk for people with disabilities been examined. This study investigates the associations between disability and distinct suicide-related outcomes, including suicidal ideation, suicide planning, and suicide attempt. Methods: This nationally representative, cross-sectional study comprised secondary analyses of the 2015-2019 National Survey on […]

Association between disability and suicide-related outcomes among U.S. adults

Introduction Although research has analyzed the sociodemographic and socioeconomic risks for suicide, only recently has suicide risk for people with disabilities been examined. This study investigates the associations between disability and distinct suicide-related outcomes, including suicidal ideation, suicide planning, and suicide attempt. Methods This nationally representative, cross-sectional study comprised secondary analyses of the 2015–2019 National Survey […]

Suicide gatekeeping: An important potential role for early childhood home visitors

Parents of young children with disabilities may experience high levels of stress and psychological distress that may put them at higher risk for experiencing suicidality. Thus, early childhood home visitors (e.g., professionals who work for home-based early intervention programs) may serve as important gatekeepers for identifying and referring parents who are experiencing psychological distress, including […]

Mental disorders and suicidal behavior in refugees and Swedish-born individuals: Is the association affected by work disability?

Background Among potential pathways to suicidal behavior in individuals with mental disorders (MD), work disability (WD) may play an important role. We examined the role of WD in the relationship between MD and suicidal behavior in Swedish-born individuals and refugees. Methods The study cohort consisted of 4,195,058 individuals aged 16–64, residing in Sweden in 2004–2005, […]

Self-reported disability and quality of life in an online Australian community sample with suicidal thoughts

Background Limited research has been conducted to quantify the level of disability and health related quality of life (HRQoL) associated with suicidal thoughts and behaviour. The aims of the current study were to (1) describe levels of disability and HRQoL in an Australian sample of adults with suicidal ideation, (2) examine the effect of zero, […]

Relationship between suicidality and disability when accounting for depressive symptomology

We examined suicidality and disability status in 485 U.S. adults. Compared with participants without disabilities, participants with disabilities (n = 92) had significantly higher suicidality scores even when accounting for depressive symptoms. Participants with psychiatric disabilities had significantly higher suicidality scores than participants with other disabilities even when controlling for depressive symptoms.

Experience, knowledge, and perceived comfort and clinical competency in working with suicidal clients among vocational rehabilitation counselors

Despite the well-documented elevated rates of suicidality among people with disabilities, no published research has examined rehabilitation counselors’ experiences or perceived competency in suicide assessment or intervention. In the present study, we surveyed 223 vocational rehabilitation (VR) counselors from state VR offices in eight states regarding their experiences with, knowledge of, and perceived comfort with […]

Comparing the internal consistency, overall scores, and response patterns on the Suicidal Behavior Questionnaire-Revised in people with and without disabilities

This study examined the internal consistency, overall mean scores, and response patterns of 485 American adults, including 92 who identified as people with disabilities, on the Suicidal Behavior Questionnaire–Revised (SBQ-R). The measure demonstrated acceptable internal consistency in both groups. Participants with disabilities had higher mean total scores as well as more concerning response patterns on SBQ-R items […]

Examining the contributions of disability to suicidality in the context of depression symptoms and other sociodemographic factors

We examined the contribution of disability status to suicidality when accounting for depression and sociodemographic risk factors in 438 American adults, 82 (18.7%) of whom identified as having disabilities. Participants with disabilities had significantly higher depression scores and were more likely to be unemployed and unpartnered, all of which were also associated with increased suicidality. […]

Do physical disabilities differentiate between suicidal ideation and attempts? An examination within the lens of the ideation to action framework of suicide

Objectives This study examined histories of suicidality among those with and without physical disabilities. Physical disabilities were anticipated to differentiate those with a history of suicide attempts from those with a history of ideation only after accounting for the presence of health conditions and other correlates. Methods Participants were 374 adults (M age = 36.08; 55.61% female; […]

Suicide amongst people with intellectual disability: An Australian online study of disability support staff experiences and perceptions.

Background Individuals with intellectual disability (ID) have a higher likelihood of exposure to identified risk factors for suicide when compared with the general community and have been recognised as being both capable of forming intent for suicide and acting on this intent. However, in spite of research outlining these concerns from the 1970s, there remains […]

Evidence In-Sight request summary: Suicide in adolescents with developmental disabilities.

This report was researched and written to address the following question(s):  What are the best practices for supporting adolescents with developmental disabilities who are exhibiting suicidal behaviour?  Are there particular considerations for working with this at-risk population? We prepared the report given the contextual information provided in our first communications (see Overview of inquiry). […]

Physical disability and suicide: Recent advancements in understanding and future directions for consideration.

Highlights • Research has supported the association between physical disability and suicide. Factors prompting suicide risk in this population are discussed. Recent research of specific disabilities and suicide is outlined. Directions for future research in this population are discussed.

Suicidal ideation among adults with disability in western Canada: A brief report.