The European Human Rights system and the right to life seen through suicide prevention in places of detention: Between risk management and punishment

This paper analyses the shortcomings of European suicide prevention policy in places of detention, a topic that has been neglected in the European legal literature. Four interrelated characteristics of the suicide prevention policies developed by the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) are responsible for the failures of these policies. First, the risk-based approach relies […]

Suicidal thoughts and behaviors among detained youth.

Incarcerated youth die by suicide at a rate two to three times higher than that of youth in the general population. In this bulletin, the authors examine suicidal thoughts and behaviors among 1,829 youth ages 10 to 18 in the Northwestern Juvenile Project, a longitudinal study of youth detained at the Cook County Juvenile Temporary […]

Traumatic Life Events and Suicide Risk Among Jail Inmates: the Influence of Types of Events, Time Period and Significant Others

Relationships between traumatic life events & suicide risk were studied in 2 samples of jail inmates, 216 with low suicide risk & 51 with high suicide risk. Suicidal inmates reported a higher prevalence of traumatic life events, including more episodes of sexual abuse, physical maltreatment, emotional maltreatment, abandonment, & suicide attempts by significant others. They […]

Prison Inmate Characteristics and Suicide Attempt Lethality: an Exploratory Study

This exploratory study applied a continuous rating scale of suicide attempt lethality to incidents where an inmate survived a suicide attempt. It describes the attempt incident dynamics & resulting range of lethality scores found within the study sample. It also examines the inmate adjustment & mental health characteristics that were associated with the lethality rating. […]

Department of Corrections (DOC) Inmate Suicide Prevention Study: Research & Evaluation

This report includes 3 studies associated with inmate suicide within Oregon’s Department of Corrections. The first is a statistical analysis that recognizes inmate static & demographic factors that differentiate the average inmate from the inmate at higher risk for a suicide attempt. The second analysis identifies the inmate static & dynamic factors that differentiate the […]

Post-Prison Mortality: Unnatural Death Among People Released From Victorian Prisons Between January 1990 and December 1999

The extent & nature of unnatural death among people released from Victorian prisons between January 1990-December 1999 were examined. A total of 820 men & women were identified as having died unnatural deaths while not imprisoned prior to July 2000. The unnatural death rate of ex-prisoners was 10 times that found in the general Victorian […]

Suicides in Female Prisoners in England and Wales, 1978-2004

File copy includes a data supplement table.

Alcohol and Other Contextual Factors of Suicide in Four Aboriginal Communities of Quebec, Canada

This paper describes the psychosocial & behavioural characteristics of 30 consecutive adult suicides from 4 First Nations communities in Quebec. Psychological autopsies were done with family members. Suicide among this group was overrepresented by young single men. Alcohol intoxication at the time of death was reported for 22 cases in association with rapid acting out […]

Psychiatric Morbidity in HIV-Infected Male Prisoners

This study explored the prevalence & correlates of psychiatric morbidity among HIV-infected male prisoners in Taiwan. In 2005, data were collected from 535 HIV-infected male prisoners in 7 prisons. After excluding incomplete data, 479 participants were included in the analysis. Psychiatric morbidity was present in 46 percent of participants. Multivariate logistic regression revealed that correlates […]

Mortality Rates of Males who Commit Parricide or Other Violence Offense Against a Parent

This study examined & compared the mortality of matricidal & patricidal offenders by using a comprehensive national data set with follow-up ranging from 3-24 years. 99 matricidal, 113 patricidal, & 111 control violent male offenders were evaluated over the period 1973-2004 in Finland. One-third of deaths among parricidal offenders were due to suicide. The matricidal […]

Health Needs of Older Prisoners

In this letter to the editor, the authors discuss the high rate of suicide among older prisoners after release. It is asserted that this is another reason for geriatricians, psychogeriatricians, & prison medical services to provide an integrated care model to meet their needs. (5 refs.)

Suicide in Recently Released Prisoners: a Population-Based Cohort Study

A population-based cohort study was done to investigate suicide rates in recently released prisoners in England & Wales. Suicide rates per 100,000 person-years in prisoners who died within one year of release were compared with rates in the general population by using the indirectly age-standardised mortality ratio. 382 suicides occurring in 244,988 individuals within 1 […]

Where Risks and Protective Factors Operate Differently: Homeless Sexual Minority Youth and Suicide Attempts

Using a sample of 628 homeless youth & young adults from 8 American cities, this study examined whether the relationship between having been in custody of social services & suicide attempts, & the relationship between engaging in survival sex & suicide attempts differed based on sexual orientation. Findings suggest being in custody of social services […]

Platelet Monoamine Oxidase Activity and Psychometric Correlates in Male Violent Offenders Imprisoned for Homicide or Other Violent Acts

Impulse control, lifetime history of aggression, suicide risk, & platelet monoamine oxidase activity was assessed in 82 male offenders imprisoned for homicide or other violent acts & in 54 control male subjects. Offenders showed significantly higher scores in Impulse Control, Past Feelings & Acts of Violence, Suicide Risk & Hopkins Symptom Check List-10 scales. Platelet […]

Suicidal Ideation in Prisoners: Risk Factors and Relevance to Suicidal Behaviour. A Prospective Case-Control Study

This study investigated risk factors for suicide ideation in prisoners as well as the prediction of suicidal behaviour by suicide ideation. 67 male Greek prisoners who expressed suicide ideation were evaluated; 67 prisoners without suicide ideation served as controls. All participants were followed-up prospectively for 12 months after their initial assessment. Independent significant risk factors […]

Correctional Service of Canada’s Response to Deaths in Custody: Final Assessment

This assessment presents 9 case summaries of deaths in custody that occurred between April 2008-April 2010. The cases were purposefully selected as they highlight significant &, in many instances, recurring patterns & themes. They illustrate the complexity of the challenges facing the Correctional Service of Canada in preserving life in a correctional context. Each case […]

Juvenile Offender Suicide: Prevalence, Risk Factors, Assessment, and Crisis Intervention Protocols

This article describes the extent of juvenile offender suicide & protocols for intervening with this high-risk population. Procedures for crisis intervention are recommended & the step-by-step sequential Roberts’ 7 Stage Crisis Assessment & Crisis Intervention model is delineated & discussed. The article concludes with an examination of the extent to which suicide assessment & prevention […]

Relation of Antisocial and Psychopathic Traits to Suicide-Related Behavior Among Offenders

This study tested whether negative emotionality, low constraint, & substance use problems mediated any relationship between antisocial personality disorder & psychopathy on the one hand & suicide-related behaviour & ideation on the other. 682 male offenders were studied. Antisocial personality disorder & the impulsivity/lifestyle features of psychopathy weakly predicted suicide-related behaviours. High negative emotionality & […]

New Defendants, new Responsibilities: Preventing Suicide Among Alleged sex Offenders in the Federal Pretrial System

This article focusses on a group that appears to be a significantly higher risk of suicide than members of the general population: sex defendants on pretrial supervision at the federal level (there are no national data sources on the number of suicide attempts or suicides among pretrial defendants or other groups under community correctional supervision). […]

Family History of Suicide and Personality

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Final Report on the Development and Testing of a Suicide Checklist for use in Remand Centres

This report is the final report of a research program by the authors & correctional workers in Alberta to develop a suicide checklist. Four separate but related investigations were done & the findings are presented in this report. The first project developed a pool of clinical & historical items which could be used to discriminate […]

Coping Abilities and Prisoners’ Perception of Suicidal Risk Management

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Suicide Prevention: Working Toward a Better Approach

This article discusses a retrospective investigation by the Correctional Service of Canada of inmate suicides, April 1992-March 1994. The purpose of the investigation was to try to determine why a sudden increase in suicides happened & whether this signified a new trend. Implications of the findings for prevention are reviewed.