Referral patterns and demographic factors predict treatment dropout in suicidal youth

Introduction Due to increasing suicide rates, treatment engagement among suicidal youth is paramount. Identification of factors that predict treatment dropout could aid in bolstering treatment engagement. In this study, we examine whether demographic factors, specific treatment referrals, and interactions among referrals predict treatment dropout in youth deemed at risk for suicide. Methods Youth (N = 3606) were […]

Epidemiological changes, demographic drivers, and global years of life lost from suicide over the period 1990–2019

Objective To quantify the contributions of epidemiological changes (age- and gender-specific suicide rates) and demographic forces (population growth and aging) to global changes in years of life lost (YLLs) from suicide over the last 30 years. Method A decomposition analysis was used to assess the impacts of population growth, population aging, and suicide prevalence on global […]

Indigenous population continues to grow

Indigenous peoples, their communities, cultures and languages have existed since time immemorial in the land now known as Canada. The term “Indigenous peoples” refers to three groups—First Nations people, Métis and Inuit—who are recognized in the Constitution Act. However,  while these groups are representative of the Indigenous population as a whole, each is tremendously diverse. […]

Individuals who text crisis text line: Key characteristics and opportunities for suicide prevention

Objective Text-based crisis services are increasingly prominent, with inclusion in the national 988 crisis number launching in 2022. Yet little is known about who uses them. This study seeks to understand the population served by Crisis Text Line (CTL), the largest crisis text service in the United States. Methods Secondary data analysis was conducted on […]

Descriptive epidemiology on the trends and sociodemographic risk factors of disease burden in years of life lost to suicide in South Korea from 2000 to 2018.

Objectives In 2018, South Korea’s suicide mortality rate was 26.59 deaths per 100 000 people; this figure is 2.2 times higher than that of the year 2000, during which 12.22 deaths per 100 000 people were ascribed to suicide. This study aims to observe the trend of disease burden in years of life lost (YLL) […]

Identifying the social demographic correlates of suicide bereavement

We investigated the demographic correlates associated with suicide bereavement among a representative sample of U.S. adults from the 2016 General Social Survey. A secondary aim of this study was to use this representative data platform to cross-check official data findings of U.S. completed suicides. Questions on suicide bereavement were administered to 1,432 GSS 2016 respondents […]

Identifying the social demographic correlates of suicide bereavement

We investigated the demographic correlates associated with suicide bereavement among a representative sample of U.S. adults from the 2016 General Social Survey. A secondary aim of this study was to use this representative data platform to cross-check official data findings of U.S. completed suicides. Questions on suicide bereavement were administered to 1,432 GSS 2016 respondents […]

Impact of oil recession on community mental health service utilization in an oil sands mining region in Canada.

Objectives: This retrospective clinical audit compared changes in community mental health service utilization before and during an economic recession in an oil sands region in Canada which was characterized by a doubling of unemployment rates and poor economic outlook. Methods: Sociodemographic descriptors, psychiatric antecedents, clinical characteristics and follow-up care were compared before and during the […]

A survey of characteristics of self-immolation in the Northern Iran.

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Factors associated with temporal and spatial patterns in suicide rates across U.S. states, 1976-2000.

Using pooled cross-sectional time-series data for the 50 U.S. states over a 25-year period, this article examines how well four conceptual groups of social correlates, demographic, economic, social, and cultural factors, are associated with the 1976Ð2000 patterns in overall suicide rates and suicide by firearms and other means. Unlike past research that typically considers only […]

Beverage-specific mortality relationships in the United States population data.

Nearly all countries regulate distilled spirits differently from beer and iwine. However, the scientific basis for this differential treatment has not been clearly established. This review covers beverage-specific relationships with alcohol-related mortality causes at the population level in the United States and includes a new analysis of motor-vehicle-accident mortality.

Forging an agenda for suicide prevention in the United States.

Suicide prevention must be transformed by integrating injury prevention and mental health perspectives to develop a mosaic of common risk public health interventions that address the diversity of populations and individuals whose mortality and morbidity contribute to the burdens of suicide and attempted suicide. Emphasizing distal preventive interventions, strategies must focus on people and places, […]

Cohort variations and changes in age-specific suicide rates over time: explaining variations in youth suicide.

Dramatic changes in the age distribution of suicide in the U.S. are associated with variations in the demographic characteristics of birth cohorts. Using an age-period-cohort-characteristic model, we show that cohort characteristics theoretically linked to integration and regulation have substantively strong and statistically significant relationships with changes in age-specific suicide rates from 1930 to 1995. Members […]

Inequalities in Suicide Rates in the European Union’s Elderly: Trends and Impact of Macro-Socioeconomic Factors Between 1980 and 2006

This study explored temporal trends in age-adjusted suicide rates for people aged 65 years & older residing in the European Union from 1980-2006. In the years examined, there has been a general decrease in suicide rates in new & early members of the European Union, although more slowly for elderly men than for women. The […]

A Replication of the Relationship Between Elderly Suicides Rates and Elderly Dependency Ratios: Cross-National Study

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Disentangling the Person and the Place as Explanations for Regional Differences in Suicide

The suicides of a region’s residents were compared with people who were temporarily visiting the region. Using American death records from 1973-2004, the focus was on states with highest & lowest suicide rates over the study period. In the high suicide region, visitors to & residents away from the region both had elevated suicide rates, […]

Testing Durkheim’s Theory of Suicide: a Comment

In ten nations from 1900 to 1988, birth rates were more consistently & more strongly associated with suicide rates than were marriage rates, confirming the results of a study in Bavaria by Wiedenmann & Weyerer. Countries examined included: England/Wales, Finland, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Scotland, Spain, Sweden, & Switzerland. (5 refs.) JA

Testing Durkheim’s Theory of Suicide in Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Europe

Modern correlation analyses confirm Durkheim’s (1888) conclusion that lower birth rates in European nations are associated with higher suicide rates for both data from the 1870s and from 1980. Countries in this study included Austria, Belgium, Denmark, England & Wales, Finland, France, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Scotland, Spain, Sweden, & Switzerland. (7 refs.) JA

Occupation and Suicide

This study explores the relationship between occupation & suicide for 32 occupational groups. Data are from the national mortality file tapes which cover 21 American states. Bivariate logistic regression models found a total of 15 occupations with either significantly higher (e.g. dentists, artists, machinists, auto mechanics, & carpenters) or lower (clerks, elementary school teachers, cooks) […]

Suicide Rates and Status Integration in America

To better understand how educational attainment & marital status impact the likelihood of suicide among various age-gender-race/ethnic groups in America, Gibbs & Martin’s theory of status integration is tested. The disribution of suicide rates from 1991-1994 in the United States for people of different status categories of age, gender, education, marital status, & race/ethnicity is […]

Suicide Prevention and Community-Level Indictors

This study sought to develop a set of easily obtainable, relevant measures of a community’s condition that could be used to guide its suicide prevention efforts. Existing data were gathered across 159 Georgia counties for 9 potential social indicators that had been chosen by the communities. Data on these from 1995-1999 were averaged & analyzed […]

The Significance of the Social Mobility and Migratory Movements for Suicides in SR Macedonia/Yugoslavia

The presenter discussed the effects of social mobility & internal migration on suicide in SR Macedonia after World War II. In just over 20 years, from 1948 to 1971, the population structure changed from being mostly rural to being just over 50% urban. However, suicide still occurred most frequently in the rural population. Overall, results […]

Suicide in Mental Health & Addictions Services 1999-2007

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