Correlates of suicide ideation and resilience among native- and foreign-born adolescents in the United States

Purpose Nearly 20% of U.S. adolescents have considered suicide. Yet, gaps remain in understanding correlates of resilience and suicide risk, especially among populations born outside the United States who may face unique migration- and acculturation-related stressors. This study adds to the literature by exploring correlates of suicide ideation among a diverse population. Methods This study […]

The woo-woo: How I survived ice hockey, drug raids, demons, and my crazy Chinese family

n this jaw-dropping, darkly comedic memoir, a young woman comes of age in a dysfunctional Asian family who blame their woes on ghosts and demons when they should really be on anti-psychotic meds. Lindsay Wong grew up with a paranoid schizophrenic grandmother and a mother who was deeply afraid of the “woo-woo” — Chinese ghosts […]

Born with a tooth.

Before internationally acclaimed author Joseph Boyden penned his bestselling novel Three Day Road and his Scotiabank Giller Prize–winning novel, Through Black Spruce, he published a powerful collection of thirteen stories about modern Aboriginal life that made readers and reviewers take notice. These stories of love, loss, rage and resilience match virtuosic style with clever wit […]

Indigenous writes: A guide to First Nations, Metis & Inuit issues in Canada.

Indigenous Writes, Chelsea Vowel initiates myriad conversations about the relationship between Indigenous peoples and Canada. An advocate for Indigenous worldviews, the author discusses the fundamental issues—the terminology of relationships; culture and identity; myth-busting; state violence; and land, learning, law and treaties—along with wider social beliefs about these issues. She answers the questions that many people […]

What do we know about needs for help after suicide in different parts of the world? A phenomenological perspective.

As there is no doubt that suicide postvention should be given a more prominent position on the agenda than is presently the case, this paper explores what we now know about perceived needs for help on the part of suicide bereaved in different parts of the world. We need far more culturally sensitive research in […]

Suicide trends among elementary school-aged children in the United States from 1993 to 2012.

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Taking leave from work: The impact of culture on Japanese female nurses.

The paper shows that there are many overlapping, complex issues affecting nurses working in Japan and their needs need to be considered and addressed in order to promote a healthier work environment, as well as a more humanistic environment.

The WHO START study: Suicidal behaviors across different areas of the world.

The information drawn from this study demonstrates the enormous variation in suicidal behavior across the areas involved in the START Study. Further research is needed to assess the reliability of the established data-recording systems for suicidal behaviors. The baseline data established in START may allow the development of suicide prevention initiatives sensitive to variation in […]

Culturally responsive suicide prevention in indigenous communities: unexamined assumptions and new possibilities.

Indigenous communities have significantly higher rates of suicide than non-Native communities in North America. Prevention and intervention efforts have failed to redress this disparity. One explanation is that these efforts are culturally incongruent for Native communities. Four prevalent assumptions that underpin professional suicide prevention may conflict with local indigenous understandings about suicide. Our experiences in […]

Predictors of Asian American adolescents’ suicide attempts: a latent class regression analysis.

Although suicide-related outcomes among Asian American adolescents are a serious public health problem in the United States, research in this area has been relatively sparse. To address this gap in the empirical literature, this study examined subgroups of Asian American adolescents for whom family, school, and peer relationships exerted differential effects on suicide attempts. Data […]

Factors associated with temporal and spatial patterns in suicide rates across U.S. states, 1976-2000.

Using pooled cross-sectional time-series data for the 50 U.S. states over a 25-year period, this article examines how well four conceptual groups of social correlates, demographic, economic, social, and cultural factors, are associated with the 1976Ð2000 patterns in overall suicide rates and suicide by firearms and other means. Unlike past research that typically considers only […]

Youth and adult community member beliefs about Inupiat youth suicide and its prevention.

Objectives: To better understand youth and adult community members’ perceived causes and possible preventative steps to address the high Inupiat youth suicide rates in Northwest Alaska. Study Design: A five-item, open-ended survey focusing on community members’ perceptions of suicide causes, warning signs, and protective factors was administered in the twelve Native villages served by the […]

Risk factors for suicidal ideation among African American and European American women.

Given that suicide is the second leading cause of death among college students, it is important to identify risk factors that may contribute to college studentsÕ suicide. Our study examined the differences in risk factors of suicidal ideation between 99 African American and 529 European American college women (18Ð24 years old). The only significant difference […]

Tobacco smoking and suicidal ideation in school-aged children 12-15 years old: Impact of cultural differences.

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Towards a reassessment of the role of divorce in suicide outcomes: evidence from five pacific rim populations.

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Suicide and culture: Understanding the context.

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Spirituality: its role as a mediating protective factor in youth at risk for suicide.

aim of this study is to examine the role of spiritual well-being as a predictor of suicide risk, specifically the role of spiritual beliefs as a mediating variable in predicting risk in a diverse sample of college-aged youth. Participants (N = 243) completed self-report instruments to assess suicidality, social support, spiritual well-being, and reasons for […]

American Indian college student suicide: risk, beliefs, and help-seeking preferences.

We examined American Indian studentsÕ suicidality, their awareness of tribal beliefs concerning suicide, and the likelihood of them seeking help, if suicidal, from a variety of sources. The rate of suicidal ideation among students in our sample was comparable to the general college student population. Only 10% of sample was aware of traditional tribal suicide […]

School social workers and multiculturalism: changing the environment for success.

Dropping out, a phenomenon heavily concentrated in communities of color, hampers the academic success of multicultural students. Multiculturalism can help make school an inviting place for vulnerable youths, and school social workers (SSWRs) are in a position to advocate for school environments that are conducive to academic success. The present study surveyed 339 SSWRs on […]

US cultural involvement and its association with suicidal behavior among youths in the Dominican Republic.

Objectives. We examined how US cultural involvement related to suicide attempts among youths in the Dominican Republic. Methods. We analyzed data from a nationally representative sample of youths attending high school in the Dominican Republic (n=8446). The outcome of interest was a suicide attempt during the past year. The US cultural involvement indicators included time […]

The complexity of explaining ethnic differences in suicide and suicidal behaviours.

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Suicidal expressions among young people in Nicaragua and Cambodia: A cross- cultural study.

Background Whereas prevalence of suicidal expressions among young people is fairly similar in different countries, less is known about associated risk factors. This study compares young people in Nicaragua and Cambodia to examine if the pattern of association between mental health problems and suicidal expressions differs. Methods 368 and 316 secondary school students, from each […]

South Asians in college counseling.

The goal of this article is to provide information on the assessment and treatment of South Asian college students for mental health practitioners. We provide a brief historical review of the cultures from which these students come and the process of migration to the United States and also make recommendations for work with these students […]