Correlates of suicide risk among Black and White adults with behavioral health disorders in criminal-legal systems

Background
Adults with behavioral health disorders in criminal-legal systems are at heightened risk of suicide relative to the general population. Despite documented racial disparities in criminal processing and behavioral health treatment, few studies have examined racial differences in suicide risk in this already high-risk population. This study examined 1) the correlates of suicide risk[…]

Associations between parole, probation, arrest, and self-reported suicide attempts

This study estimated the associations between three categories of recent community criminal justice (CJ) involvement (arrest, parole, and probation) and suicide attempts, while accounting for how the categories overlap. Participants included adults aged ≥ 18 who completed the 2008–2014 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health. The outcome was self-reported suicide attempt(s) in the past 12 months (in[…]

Suicide in prison and after release: A 17-year national cohort study

Background To describe all suicides in the Norwegian prison population from 2000 to 2017, during and following imprisonment; to investigate the timing of suicides; and to investigate the associations between risk of suicide and types of crime. Methods. We used data from the Norwegian Prison Release study (nPRIS) including complete national register data from the[…]

Thinking and doing prevention: A critical analysis of contemporary youth crime and suicide prevention discourses

In this article, we have traced some of the dominant cultural narratives shaping current understandings of youth crime and suicide. We have aimed to show some of the ways that our received understandings of what the problem is and what should be done about it are social constructions that privilege a certain kind of scientific[…]

National study of suicide in all people with a criminal justice history.

We examined a section of society in which major health and social problems frequently coexist including offending, psychopathology, and suicidal behavior. The need for developing more far-reaching national suicide prevention strategies is indicated. In particular, improved mental health service provision is needed for all people in contact with the criminal justice system, including those not found[…]

Family dysfunction and suicide risk in a community corrections sample.

Background: When comparted with the general population, the suicide rate in correctional populations is elevated. While predictors of suicide are well researched in jail and prison populations, much less work has been done to examine predictors of suicide in community corrections samples where 80% of the US correctional population is currently supervised. Aims: The goal[…]

Reasons for non-suicidal self-harm in adult male offenders with and without borderline personality traits.

The presented study aimed to advance understanding of the reasons for non-suicidal self-harm (NSSH) in adult male offenders, with and without borderline personality traits. 179 offenders completed self-report measures of NSSH and other clinical constructs, with 42 being identified as having self-harmed. Results were consistent with past research and supported the relative importance of intrapersonal[…]

Psychopathy, depression, and anxiety as predictors of suicidal ideation in offenders.

This study investigated anxiety and depressive symptoms as potential moderators using a sample of 162 male offenders in the New Jersey correctional system. Results supported a significant positive correlation between secondary psychopathy and suicidal ideation. Additionally, depression and physiological anxiety moderated the association between secondary psychopathy and suicidal ideation. Present findings may assist in determining[…]

Criminality and suicide: A longitudinal Swedish cohort study.

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A Trait-interpersonal perspective on suicide risk in criminal offenders.

Despite elevated rates of suicide among offenders, research has yet to adequately address theoretically driven risk models in this population. The present study addresses such a gap by investigating a synthesized framework using 2 well-developed theoretical models, the Five-Factor Model (FFM) of personality and the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide (IPTS). Archival data from mitigation evaluations[…]