Correlates of suicide risk among Black and White adults with behavioral health disorders in criminal-legal systems

Background Adults with behavioral health disorders in criminal-legal systems are at heightened risk of suicide relative to the general population. Despite documented racial disparities in criminal processing and behavioral health treatment, few studies have examined racial differences in suicide risk in this already high-risk population. This study examined 1) the correlates of suicide risk in […]

Self-harm and violent criminality linked with parental death during childhood

BackgroundAdverse health and social outcomes are known to occur more frequently following parental death during childhood, but evidence is lacking for comparing long-term risks of internalised v. externalised harm. MethodsThis national register-based cohort study consisted of Danish persons born 1970–2000. The Civil Registration System and National Causes of Death Register were linked to ascertain parental deaths by […]

Individuals with bipolar disorder and their relationship with the criminal justice system: A critical review.

Bipolar disorder is a severe and prevalent psychiatric disease. Poor outcomes include a high frequency of criminal acts, imprisonments, and repeat offenses. This critical review of the international literature examined several aspects of the complex relationship between individuals with bipolar disorder and the criminal justice system: risk factors for criminal acts, features of bipolar patientsÕ […]

Suicide by cop: Clinical risks and subtypes.

Journal copy held in CSP Library.

Combined influence of serious mental illness and criminal offending on suicide risk in young adults.

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Recent Court Involvement and Risk of Suicide: A Population-based Study Utilizing a Comprehensive Criminal Justice Database

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Self-reported violent offending among subjects with genius-level IQ scores.

While research indicates offenders have IQ scores approximately eight points below the population average of 100, very little is known about the crimes of individuals with above-average IQ scores. The current research is not limited to acts of family violence, but it describes the self-reported offending of 465 high-IQ subjects for eight violent crimes: robbery, […]

Army Health Promotion Risk Reduction Suicide Prevention Report 2010

This report is presented in 10 sections, followed by 7 annexes. The sections are: 1) introduction to health promotions, risk reduction, & suicide prevention; 2) reality of suicide; 3) lost art of leadership in garrison; 4) composite life-cycle; 5) Army suicide prevention campaign; 6) program governance for health promotion/risk reduction/suicide prevention; 7) managing the health […]

New Defendants, new Responsibilities: Preventing Suicide Among Alleged sex Offenders in the Federal Pretrial System

This article focusses on a group that appears to be a significantly higher risk of suicide than members of the general population: sex defendants on pretrial supervision at the federal level (there are no national data sources on the number of suicide attempts or suicides among pretrial defendants or other groups under community correctional supervision). […]

Victorian Aboriginal Suicide Prevention and Response Action Plan 2010-2015

This action plan is the Victorian government’s strategy to prevent & reduce the incidence & impact of Aboriginal suicide & self-harm. It sets out current priorities & identifies strategies for further action in 4 priority areas: prevention through building resilience; improving access to care & support for those at risk; improving the response to crisis […]

Criminalizing Suicide Attempts: can it be a Deterrent?

Suicidal behaviour constitutes a serious public as well as mental health problem all over the world. Many developed countries have done away with the legal provision of punishing attempted suicides. However, in India this continues to be a punishable offence under the Indian Penal Code (1833). This review discusses the various issues related to criminalizing […]

Revised NESARC Personality Disorder Diagnoses: Gender, Prevalence, and Comorbidity With Substance Dependence Disorders

The authors applied different diagnostic rules for diagnosing personality disorders to the NESARC epidemiological study of over 40,000 individuals. Each personality disorder criterion was required to be associated with significant distress or impairment in order to be counted toward a personality disorder diagnosis. Results demonstrated significant reductions in prevalence rates. Personality disorder diagnoses were associated […]

Suicidal Behavior Among Finnish Fire Setters

Histories of serious suicide attempts & slashing were investigated in a sample of 304 Finnish fire setters. Major mood disorders, father’s alcoholism, & suicidal motive of fire setting were significantly associated with suicide attempts. Among fire setters, non-lethal slashing was a predictor of serious suicidality. Associations between psychiatric diagnoses, family history, & suicidality among fire […]

Factors Associated With Suicide Ideation in Adults

This study considered numerous factors potentially related to suicide ideation in adults, including life stress, stress perceptions, social support, personality, alcohol use, chronic conditions, distress symptoms, & sociodemographic background. Using data from a health survey of 825 adults resident in the Reykjavik area, Iceland, it was found that financial hardship, legal stress, family difficulties, stress […]

Suicide Among Personality-Disordered Offenders: a Follow-Up Study of 1943 Male Criminal Offenders

Suicide was studied among all 1943 male criminal offenders in Sweden who had undergone a major forensic psychiatric examination 1988-1991, with special reference to offenders with personality disorders. The cohort was followed until the end of 1995. 50 individuals died by suicide during the follow-up period. The standardised mortality ratio among personality-disordered offenders was 1212. […]

An FBI Perspective on law Enforcement Suicide (IN: Suicide and Law Enforcement, edited by D C Sheehan & J I Warren)

The presenter & another colleague were commissioned to analyze Federal Bureau of Investigation agents’ reactions to shootings & to determine the ramifications of these effects on agents involved in the exercise of deadly force. From that analysis, as well as from a series of interviews & a conference held in June 1993, a series of […]

Letters to the Editor. An Uncommon View About Teenage Suicide

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Characteristics of Juvenile Suicide in Confinement

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Suicidal Ideation Among Low-Income Women on Family Assistance Programs

The study evaluated prevalence & risk factors associated with suicide ideation in a randomly drawn sample of 2,112 women, aged 18-59 years, & enrolled in family assistance programs. The overall prevalence rate of suicide ideation was not substantially higher than that found in other populations. Emotional difficulties, substance abuse/dependence, physical limitations, having been arrested, & […]

Suicidal Ideation and Child Abusers: Three Case Studies

File copy best available.

Does Social Work Make a Difference? A Controlled Study of Former ‘Looked-After-Children’ and ‘Excluded-From-School’ Adolescents now men Aged 16-24 Subsequent Offences, Being Victims of Crime and Suicide

This study compared 215 former adolescent Permanently-Excluded-From-School young men with no statutory right to social work support with 438 Looked-After-Children men, now aged 16-24. The study was totally records based. Chi square tests were used compare outcomes of levels of offending & being victims of crime. Epidemiological rates were used to compare violent deaths. There […]

The Scots may be Brave but They are Neither Healthy nor Happy (Discussion Paper No. 1909)

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Long-Term Outcomes After Discharge From Medium Secure Care: a Cause for Concern

This article describes mortality, rates of reconviction at different periods, violent behaviour not leading to conviction, readmission, & employment after discharge from a medium secure unit in the United Kingdom. Of 595 first admissions over a 20-year period, 550 discharged cases were followed up. Multiple data sources were used. 57 patients had died, 18 by […]