The law criminalizing attempted suicide in Ghana: The views of clinical psychologists, emergency ward nurses, and police officers
Background: Attempted suicide is still considered a crime in Ghana. Aims: The purpose of this study was to investigate the attitudes toward this law held by health workers and police officers in Ghana so as to provide culture-sensitive arguments to aid in abolishing the law. Method: Qualitative interviews were conducted with eight clinical psychologists, eight emergency ward nurses, […]
Background Justice-involved Veterans experience notable risk for psychosocial stressors (e.g., homelessness) and psychiatric multimorbidity, which can result in complex clinical presentations. However, research examining how such factors coalesce to impact risk for suicide remains limited. Methods We conducted a latent class analysis of 180,454 Veterans accessing Veterans Health Administration (VHA) justice-related services from 2005 to […]
Structural indicators of suicide: An exploration of state-level risk factors among Black and White people in the United States, 2015–2019
Purpose Death by suicide among Black people in the USA have increased by 35.6% within the past decade. Among youth under the age of 24 years old, death by suicide among Black youth have risen substantially. Researchers have found that structural inequities (e.g. educational attainment) and state-specific variables (e.g. minimum wage, incarceration rates) may increase risk […]
Correlates of suicide risk among Black and White adults with behavioral health disorders in criminal-legal systems
Background Adults with behavioral health disorders in criminal-legal systems are at heightened risk of suicide relative to the general population. Despite documented racial disparities in criminal processing and behavioral health treatment, few studies have examined racial differences in suicide risk in this already high-risk population. This study examined 1) the correlates of suicide risk in […]
BackgroundAdverse health and social outcomes are known to occur more frequently following parental death during childhood, but evidence is lacking for comparing long-term risks of internalised v. externalised harm. MethodsThis national register-based cohort study consisted of Danish persons born 1970–2000. The Civil Registration System and National Causes of Death Register were linked to ascertain parental deaths by […]
Individuals with bipolar disorder and their relationship with the criminal justice system: A critical review.
Bipolar disorder is a severe and prevalent psychiatric disease. Poor outcomes include a high frequency of criminal acts, imprisonments, and repeat offenses. This critical review of the international literature examined several aspects of the complex relationship between individuals with bipolar disorder and the criminal justice system: risk factors for criminal acts, features of bipolar patientsÕ […]
Journal copy held in CSP Library.
Recent Court Involvement and Risk of Suicide: A Population-based Study Utilizing a Comprehensive Criminal Justice Database
While research indicates offenders have IQ scores approximately eight points below the population average of 100, very little is known about the crimes of individuals with above-average IQ scores. The current research is not limited to acts of family violence, but it describes the self-reported offending of 465 high-IQ subjects for eight violent crimes: robbery, […]
Combined influence of serious mental illness and criminal offending on suicide risk in young adults.
This report is presented in 10 sections, followed by 7 annexes. The sections are: 1) introduction to health promotions, risk reduction, & suicide prevention; 2) reality of suicide; 3) lost art of leadership in garrison; 4) composite life-cycle; 5) Army suicide prevention campaign; 6) program governance for health promotion/risk reduction/suicide prevention; 7) managing the health […]
Suicidal behaviour constitutes a serious public as well as mental health problem all over the world. Many developed countries have done away with the legal provision of punishing attempted suicides. However, in India this continues to be a punishable offence under the Indian Penal Code (1833). This review discusses the various issues related to criminalizing […]
Revised NESARC Personality Disorder Diagnoses: Gender, Prevalence, and Comorbidity With Substance Dependence Disorders
The authors applied different diagnostic rules for diagnosing personality disorders to the NESARC epidemiological study of over 40,000 individuals. Each personality disorder criterion was required to be associated with significant distress or impairment in order to be counted toward a personality disorder diagnosis. Results demonstrated significant reductions in prevalence rates. Personality disorder diagnoses were associated […]
Histories of serious suicide attempts & slashing were investigated in a sample of 304 Finnish fire setters. Major mood disorders, father’s alcoholism, & suicidal motive of fire setting were significantly associated with suicide attempts. Among fire setters, non-lethal slashing was a predictor of serious suicidality. Associations between psychiatric diagnoses, family history, & suicidality among fire […]
This study considered numerous factors potentially related to suicide ideation in adults, including life stress, stress perceptions, social support, personality, alcohol use, chronic conditions, distress symptoms, & sociodemographic background. Using data from a health survey of 825 adults resident in the Reykjavik area, Iceland, it was found that financial hardship, legal stress, family difficulties, stress […]
Suicide was studied among all 1943 male criminal offenders in Sweden who had undergone a major forensic psychiatric examination 1988-1991, with special reference to offenders with personality disorders. The cohort was followed until the end of 1995. 50 individuals died by suicide during the follow-up period. The standardised mortality ratio among personality-disordered offenders was 1212. […]
An FBI Perspective on law Enforcement Suicide (IN: Suicide and Law Enforcement, edited by D C Sheehan & J I Warren)
The presenter & another colleague were commissioned to analyze Federal Bureau of Investigation agents’ reactions to shootings & to determine the ramifications of these effects on agents involved in the exercise of deadly force. From that analysis, as well as from a series of interviews & a conference held in June 1993, a series of […]
New Defendants, new Responsibilities: Preventing Suicide Among Alleged sex Offenders in the Federal Pretrial System
This article focusses on a group that appears to be a significantly higher risk of suicide than members of the general population: sex defendants on pretrial supervision at the federal level (there are no national data sources on the number of suicide attempts or suicides among pretrial defendants or other groups under community correctional supervision). […]
This action plan is the Victorian government’s strategy to prevent & reduce the incidence & impact of Aboriginal suicide & self-harm. It sets out current priorities & identifies strategies for further action in 4 priority areas: prevention through building resilience; improving access to care & support for those at risk; improving the response to crisis […]
The study evaluated prevalence & risk factors associated with suicide ideation in a randomly drawn sample of 2,112 women, aged 18-59 years, & enrolled in family assistance programs. The overall prevalence rate of suicide ideation was not substantially higher than that found in other populations. Emotional difficulties, substance abuse/dependence, physical limitations, having been arrested, & […]
File copy best available.