Substance use, racial/ethnic identity, and suicidal ideation during COVID-19 lockdown in an international adult sample

Although research has examined disparities in suicidal ideation across multiple groups, few investigations have analyzed such disparities in the context of COVID-19 pandemic. Furthermore, there is limited research on differences within and across countries, further limiting the extent to which meaningful comparisons can be made. Therefore, this study examines risk and protective factors of suicidal ideation during COVID-19 lockdown in […]

How COVID-19 shaped mental health: From infection to pandemic effects

The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has threatened global mental health, both indirectly via disruptive societal changes and directly via neuropsychiatric sequelae after SARS-CoV-2 infection. Despite a small increase in self-reported mental health problems, this has (so far) not translated into objectively measurable increased rates of mental disorders, self-harm or suicide rates at the population […]

Pandemics and suicide risk: Lessons from COVID and its predecessors

In its mortality and global reach, COVID-19 is among the worst pandemics to hit the globe since the 1918 influenza. During a pandemic, it is not uncommon for deaths from suicide to be downplayed as communities respond to the immediate mortality of the disease. In this analysis, we review pandemic history to uncover its impact […]

The contribution of social norms and religious practices towards low death registration in 3 HDSS sites of Uganda

Background Uganda has low levels of death registration, estimated at two per cent by the National Identification and Registration Authority (NIRA). There are 56 tribes and over 5 religious denominations with so many social norms and religious practices that could have contributed to low death registration in Uganda. Previous studies on the factors affecting death […]

The impact of the SARS‑CoV‑2 pandemic on cause‑specific mortality patterns: A systematic literature review

Background: Understanding the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on cause-specific mortality should be a priority, as this metric allows for a detailed analysis of the true burden of the pandemic. The aim of this systematic literature review is to estimate the impact of the pandemic on different causes of death, providing a quantitative and qualitative analysis […]

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and subsequent social restrictions on ambulance calls for suicidal and nonsuicidal self-harm: A population-based study in Osaka prefecture, Japan

Aim Self-harm is a common ambulance call and is potentially affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the incidence of ambulance transport due to self-harm increased in 2020. Methods We undertook a population-based observational study using a database from the Osaka prefectural government. Ambulance transport of patients due […]

Poor mental health is associated with loneliness and boredom during Covid-19-related restriction periods in patients with pre-existing depression

Background In 2020–2021, many European countries put in place temporary lockdown measures due to the increase in COVID-19 cases, although such measures have negative psychological effects. As pre-existing mental disorders are a risk factor of negative psychological consequences during pandemics, it is important to identify specific predictors of psychological distress caused by restrictive measures in […]

Years of life lost due to the psychosocial consequences of COVID-19 mitigation strategies based on Swiss data

Background. The pandemic caused by coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has forced governments to implement strict social mitigation strategies to reduce the morbidity and mortality from acute infections. These strategies, however, carry a significant risk for mental health, which can lead to increased short-term and long-term mortality and is currently not included in modeling the impact […]

Suicidal thoughts and behaviors in psychiatrically hospitalized adolescents pre- and post- COVID-19: A historical chart review and examination of contextual correlates

Background: Psychiatrically vulnerable adolescents may be at heightened risk for suicide during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study characterizes suicidal ideation (SI) and suicide attempts (SA) in a sample of adolescents psychiatrically hospitalized during COVID-19. Rates of SI and SA are compared to a historical hospital sample from a matched period in the year prior. Associations between […]

Mental health-related emergency department visits in adolescents before and during the COVID-19 pandemic: A multicentric retrospective study

Purpose The purpose of this study was to compare pre/post-COVID-19 changes in mental health–related emergency department visits among adolescents. Methods We conducted a retrospective analysis of all mental health–related emergency department visits in two large tertiary pediatric hospital centers between January 2018 and December 2020. We described monthly pre/post-COVID-19 changes in frequency and proportion of mental […]

Suicide hangings during pre-Covid-19 and Covid-19: Myths debunked for the lower-middle-income group countries

The psyche about the adverse effects of the Covid-19 pandemic has got fixed to a level of conviction that committing suicide is directly linked to coronavirus infection. The statistics of suicidal hangings for the pre-Covid-19 and the Covid-19 periods were compared in the Indian capital. The data analysis of the autopsy records showed the absence […]

The teachers’ views on campus suicide prevention and mental health promotion: An online focus group study during COVID-19

Background: Suicide among adolescents and young adults is a worldwide issue. Students spend much time in school, and school teachers play a critical role in identifying warning signs of suicide and detecting students at risk of mental health problems. However, limited studies discussed the teachers’ perspectives on campus suicide prevention.Method: A qualitative study was conducted […]

Epidemiology of suicide and suicide attempts in Jahrom district, Southern Iran in light of COVID pandemic: A prospective observational study

Background and Aims Suicide is a global public health issue. The covid-19 epidemic has led to disturbance in daily life and economic activity. It is assumed that increased stress and anxiety cause suicide. This study aimed to describe the causes and methods of committing suicide during the COVID pandemic. Methods This descriptive study was conducted on […]

Policy brief: COVID-19 and the need for action on mental health

Although the COVID-19 crisis is, in the first instance, a physical health crisis, it has the seeds of a major mental health crisis as well, if action is not taken. Good mental health is critical to the functioning of society at the best of times. It must be front and  centre of every country’s response […]

Trends in suicidal ideation-related emergency department visits for youth in Illinois: 2016-2021

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Increasing suicide rates and emergency department (ED) mental abstract health visits reflect deteriorating mental health among American youth. This  population-based study analyzes trends in ED visits for suicidal ideation (SI) before and during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. METHODS: We analyzed Illinois hospital administrative data for ED visits coded for SI […]

Non-suicidal self-injury in adolescence: The role of pre-existing vulnerability and COVID-19-related stress

For many adolescents, the COVID-19 pandemic represents a uniquely challenging period, and concerns have been raised about whether COVID-19-related stress may increase the risk for self-injurious behaviors among adolescents. This study examined the impact of pre-existing vulnerabilities on the occurrence and frequency of Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) through COVID-19-related stress, and whether the impact of COVID-19-related […]

Adverse childhood experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic and associations with poor mental health and suicidal behaviors among high school students: Adolescent behaviors and experiences survey, United States, January-June 2021

What is already known about this topic? Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with poor mental health and suicidal behaviors. What is added by this report? The prevalences of poor current mental health and past-year suicide attempts among adolescents reporting four or more ACEs during the COVID-19 pandemic were four and 25 times as high […]

What happened to the predicted COVID-19-induced suicide epidemic, and why?

Two years ago, in the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic, there were widespread and grim predictions of an ensuing suicide epidemic. Not only has this not happened but also by the end of 2021 in the  majority of countries and regions with available data, the suicide rates had, if anything, declined. We discuss four […]

Trends and prevalence of suicide 2017–2021 and its association with COVID-19: Interrupted time series analysis of a national sample of college students in the United States

Background: Suicide is among the leading causes of death for college students. We aimed to assess the impact of the pandemic on trends in suicidal thoughts and behaviors among college students, and whether  suicidal thoughts and behaviors were associated with COVID-19 infection and psychosocial factors. Methods: We analyzed 2017–2021 data from 4 waves of Healthy […]

The role of hope and resilience in protecting against suicidal thoughts and behaviors during the COVID-19 pandemic

Objective The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted the mental health and wellbeing of populations across the world. This study aimed to examine: (1) which specific aspects of the COVID-19 pandemic were associated with the presence of suicidal thoughts and behaviors, and (2) the extent to which participants’ hopelessness and resilience moderated the relationship between COVID-19 related […]

Suicide presentations to an emergency department pre and during the COVID lockdown, March-May 2020, in Spain

The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and lockdown may affect suicide risk and behavior. We compared suicide-related presentations during the national quarantine with pre-COVID data. This observational incidence study compared all suicide-related presentations at the University Hospital Reina Sofia emergency department (ED) in Cordoba, Spain, for the lockdown period from 15 March to 15 May […]

Violations of suicide-prevention guidelines in US media coverage of physician’s suicide death during the COVID-19 pandemic

Background: Healthcare workers are at elevated risk for suicide; though it has yet to be studied, this risk may be exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. News media coverage of high-profile suicide is associated with an increased risk of subsequent suicides. No analysis has yet been published of US media practices for reporting on healthcare worker suicides […]

Short-term effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on suicidal ideation: A prospective cohort study

Background: Few studies have examined the effect of pandemics on suicide-related outcomes. Aims: We examined whether suicidal ideation levels among the general population changed owing to the COVID-19 pandemic by tracking individuals between January and April 2020. Method: We used a prospective observational longitudinal design (n = 6,683) and stratified sampling to conduct online surveys of the general adult population in […]