The interaction of personal and occupational factors in the suicide deaths of correction officers

In the aftermath of a cluster of at least twenty suicides among correction officers working for a state department of correction, we conducted the first extensive mixed-methods study of correction officer suicide. Using a grounded theory approach, we sought to better understand the ways in which personal and occupational factors may have contributed to the[…]

National response plan for suicide prevention in corrections

Through the Suicide Prevention Resource Guide, the National Commission on Correctional Health Care and the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention have joined forces to work toward reducing the incidence of suicide in jails and prisons. The guide focuses on three areas key to suicide prevention in corrections: assessment, intervention and treatment, and training. The aim[…]

Family dysfunction and suicide risk in a community corrections sample.

Background: When comparted with the general population, the suicide rate in correctional populations is elevated. While predictors of suicide are well researched in jail and prison populations, much less work has been done to examine predictors of suicide in community corrections samples where 80% of the US correctional population is currently supervised. Aims: The goal[…]

Correctional workers and stress: providing mental health support.

The article discusses support for the mental health of correctional personnel. Topics include rates of employee turnover and burnout in environments of high stress, the relationship between stress and suicide, and correctional staff support programs. A study on stress and gender in correctional personnel is mentioned.

Systems training for emotional predictability and problem solving (STEPPS) group treatment for offenders with borderline personality disorder.

Systems Training for Emotional Predictability and Problem Solving (STEPPS) is a manual-based group treatment of persons with borderline personality disorder (BPD). We report results from a study of offenders supervised by the Iowa Department of Corrections. Seventy-seven offenders participated in STEPPS groups. The offenders experienced clinically significant improvement in BPD-related symptoms (d = 1.30), mood,[…]

Preventing Suicide in French Prisons

This paper shows that preventing suicide risk in French prison regulations is thwarted in 2 prisons by professional criteria regarding credibility & solidarity, as well as by the balance of power between prisoners & guards, in addition to the realization, on the part of judges responsible for sentencing, of the risk posed by recidivists. The[…]

Educating Gatekeepers in Asia(IN: Suicide and Suicide Prevention in Asia, ed. by H Hendin)

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Suicide Prevention and Manipulative Behavior

This article discusses the challenges that face jail officials & staff when an inmate’s behaviour is perceived as being manipulative. Research evidence clearly suggests all threats or acts of self-injury should be treated as potential suicidal behaviour. The case history of an adult female is used to illustrate the dangers of making assumptions about intent.[…]

What is Correctional About Clinical Practice in Corrections?

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Juvenile Correctional Workers’ Perceptions of Suicide Risk Factors and Mental Health Issues of Incarcerated Juveniles

This study measured juvenile correctional officers’ knowledge & attitudes regarding suicide risk factors & mental health & substance abuse issues before & after a staff training on suicide prevention. 76 participants completed the training & demonstrated significant improvement in knowledge & attitudes toward mental health treatment of incarcerated youth. Findings suggest correctional staff are receptive[…]