Addressing the mental health needs of inmates through education for correctional officers: A narrative review
Introduction: People with mental illness are overrepresented in correctional facilities. Correctional officers (COs) lack education to respond to inmates with mental illness. A review was conducted of mental health education programs for COs to identify factors related to effectiveness. Methods: Medical and criminal justice databases were searched for articles describing mental health education for COs. Studies including […]
Correctional officers are critical members of the prison community. However, scholarship rarely considers how correctional officers contribute to prison outcomes instead largely focusing on importation (individual) and deprivation (organizational) factors related to the incarcerated population. This is also true regarding how scholars and practitioners approach suicide committed by incarcerated people, one of the leading causes […]
Correctional service workers report stressful work environments that include repeated exposures to potentially psychologically traumatic events (PPTEs), shift work and long working hours, and pervasive unpredictability of threat, which may increase their risk for mental disorders and death by suicide. Correctional workers include all persons employed in the community (e.g., probation and parole officers), institutional […]
Purpose: Suicide prevention and intervention in prisons is a challenge. Prisons were not designed to be clinical facilities, yet with the growing numbers of people who face mental health challenges in prisons, staff require knowledge and skills to adequately address mental health crises, especially suicide. This study aims to: describe trends in suicide attempts and completions […]
In the aftermath of a cluster of at least twenty suicides among correction officers working for a state department of correction, we conducted the first extensive mixed-methods study of correction officer suicide. Using a grounded theory approach, we sought to better understand the ways in which personal and occupational factors may have contributed to the […]
Through the Suicide Prevention Resource Guide, the National Commission on Correctional Health Care and the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention have joined forces to work toward reducing the incidence of suicide in jails and prisons. The guide focuses on three areas key to suicide prevention in corrections: assessment, intervention and treatment, and training. The aim […]
Background: When comparted with the general population, the suicide rate in correctional populations is elevated. While predictors of suicide are well researched in jail and prison populations, much less work has been done to examine predictors of suicide in community corrections samples where 80% of the US correctional population is currently supervised. Aims: The goal […]
The article discusses support for the mental health of correctional personnel. Topics include rates of employee turnover and burnout in environments of high stress, the relationship between stress and suicide, and correctional staff support programs. A study on stress and gender in correctional personnel is mentioned.
Systems training for emotional predictability and problem solving (STEPPS) group treatment for offenders with borderline personality disorder.
Systems Training for Emotional Predictability and Problem Solving (STEPPS) is a manual-based group treatment of persons with borderline personality disorder (BPD). We report results from a study of offenders supervised by the Iowa Department of Corrections. Seventy-seven offenders participated in STEPPS groups. The offenders experienced clinically significant improvement in BPD-related symptoms (d = 1.30), mood, […]
This paper shows that preventing suicide risk in French prison regulations is thwarted in 2 prisons by professional criteria regarding credibility & solidarity, as well as by the balance of power between prisoners & guards, in addition to the realization, on the part of judges responsible for sentencing, of the risk posed by recidivists. The […]
This article discusses the challenges that face jail officials & staff when an inmate’s behaviour is perceived as being manipulative. Research evidence clearly suggests all threats or acts of self-injury should be treated as potential suicidal behaviour. The case history of an adult female is used to illustrate the dangers of making assumptions about intent. […]
Juvenile Correctional Workers’ Perceptions of Suicide Risk Factors and Mental Health Issues of Incarcerated Juveniles
This study measured juvenile correctional officers’ knowledge & attitudes regarding suicide risk factors & mental health & substance abuse issues before & after a staff training on suicide prevention. 76 participants completed the training & demonstrated significant improvement in knowledge & attitudes toward mental health treatment of incarcerated youth. Findings suggest correctional staff are receptive […]
Reduction of Suicides in Jails and Lockups Through Situational Crime Prevention: Addressing the Needs of a Transient Population
The problem of jail suicide has been widely publicized in many articles and corrections reports, yet seldom is this work organized in a framework. The current paper organizes the existing literature on suicide in jails and lockups within Clarke’s (1997) framework of situational prevention and Clarke and Lester’s (1989) work on suicide prevention. Due to […]
This document represents Commissioner’s Directive #843
Published in “Back to the Future: Refocusing the Image of Suicide,” ed. by J L McIntosh
The author argues that U.S. case law pertaining to prison suicide liability in Section 1983 civil lawsuits shows several trends in future liability considerations. Past Supreme Court decisions regarding deliberate indifference standards are compared with present deliberate indifference standards, arguing that recent decisions do not constitute a benefit to plaintiffs in prison suicide cases, but […]
Suicide and Self-Injury (IN: Locked out: a Review of Inmate Services and Conditions of Custody in Saskatchewan Correctional Centres)
Suicide Risk in a Forensic Population in Relation to Platelet Monoamine Oxidase Activity and Impulsivity: Preliminary Observations
The authors review the findings of their study estimating suicide risk & impulse control in Greek violent offenders, comparing these variables to prison personnel, & determing the relation of these variables to their platelets monoamine oxidase activity.