The efficacy of the “Talk‑to‑Me” suicide prevention and mental health education program for tertiary students: A crossover randomised control trial

Despite suicide ideation being one of the most frequently reported health issues impacting tertiary students, there is a paucity of research evaluating the efficacy of preventive interventions aimed at improving mental health outcomes for students studying at two tertiary institutes. The current study evaluated the efficacy of the “Talk-to-Me” Mass Open Online Course (MOOC) in […]

Single and combined effects of marital status, education attainment, and employment status on suicide among working-age population: A case-control study in South Korea

Background Suicide in the working-age population is an important public health issue. This group is heterogeneous regarding marital status, education level, and employment status, which are generally important socioeconomic factors for suicide, and has a wide age range. This study aims to explore the individual and combined effect of these socioeconomic factors on suicide in different age […]

Digital bibliotherapy as a scalable intervention for suicidal thoughts: A randomized controlled trial

Objective: Suicide is a major public health concern in the United States, but few effective and scalable interventions exist to help those with suicidal thoughts. We hypothesized that reading first-person narratives about working through suicidal thoughts would reduce the desire to die among adults and that this effect would be mediated by increased perceived shared […]

The efficacy and safety of esketamine in the treatment of major depressive disorder with suicidal ideation: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Background Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a high risk factor for suicide, with up to 20% of MDD patients attempting suicide during their lifetime. Current treatments for MDD are slow onset of action, low efficiency, and the inability to control suicidal behaviors quickly and effectively. Intravenous ketamine has been shown to have a rapid but […]

Protocol for a randomised controlled trial evaluating the effectiveness of a CBT‑based smartphone application for improving mental health outcomes in adolescents: The MobiliseMe study

Background Depression is a leading cause of disability in adolescents, however few receive evidence-based treatment. Despite having the potential to overcome barriers to treatment uptake and adherence, there are very few CBT-based smartphone apps for adolescents. To address this gap, we developed ClearlyMe®, a self-guided CBT smartphone app for adolescent depression and anxiety. ClearlyMe® consists […]

Brief cognitive-based psychosocial intervention and case management for suicide attempters discharged from the emergency department in Taipei, Taiwan: A randomized controlled study

Objective We examined the effectiveness of brief cognitive-based psychotherapy plus standard case management in the prevention of further suicide attempts, clinical severity, and treatment adherence in a randomized clinical trial compared with standard case management. Method Among five hundred and ninety-seven patients presenting with suicide attempts, 147 participants were included. They were randomized into two […]

Adapted dialectical behavior therapy for adolescents with a high risk of suicide in a community clinic: A pragmatic randomized controlled trial

Objective This study is a pragmatic randomized controlled trial, which compares the effectiveness of an adapted form of Dialectical Behavior Therapy for Adolescents (DBT-A) and treatment as usual plus group sessions (TAU + GS) to reduce suicidal risk for adolescents in a community health mental clinic. Method Thirty-five adolescents from a community outpatient clinic, with repetitive NSSI […]

Short-term effects of media reports on terrorism that are consistent vs. not consistent with media recommendations on mass shootings: A randomized controlled trial

Objective Media recommendations for the reporting of events where one person or a small group kills multiple others in public settings have been developed recently by suicide prevention experts. Evidence on the effects of reports that are compliant or noncompliant with these recommendations is lacking. Methods We conducted a randomized controlled trial with n = 148 participants who […]

Factors associated with self-burning among women in reproductive age of Ilam: A case-control study in a western part of Iran

Objective Self-burning is one way that some people choose to commit suicide, and it has been seen in many nations. This problem is considered as an uncommon method in developed countries and a common method of suicide in developing countries. The present study aimed to identify the factors associated with self-burning among Iranian women in […]

The effect of a therapeutic smartphone application on suicidal ideation in young adults: Findings from a randomized controlled trial in Australia

Suicidal ideation is a major risk for a suicide attempt in younger people, such that reducing severity of ideation is an important target for suicide prevention. Smartphone applications present a new opportunity for managing ideation in young adults; however, confirmatory evidence for efficacy from randomized trials is lacking. The objective of this study was to […]

Risk factors for suicide and suicide attempts among patients with treatment-resistant depression: Nested case-control study

The risk of suicide is elevated among patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD). Risk factors for suicide and suicide attempts among cases and controls with TRD were investigated using data from nationwide Swedish registers. Among 119,407 antidepressant initiators with a diagnosis of depression, 15,631 patients who started a third sequential treatment trial during the same depressive […]

Housing First combined with Suicide Treatment Education and Prevention (HOME + STEP): Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Background Youth experiencing homelessness are at high risk for suicide, yet few studies have evaluated risk reduction interventions targeting suicidal ideation in this vulnerable population. A comprehensive approach to risk-reduction is needed that addresses basic needs and provides targeted interventions for those at highest risk. The protocol described builds on the design of the first […]

Managing suicidality within specialized care: A randomized controlled trial

Background: Suicide prevention is a core task in mental health services. Our objective was to determine whether Collaborative Assessment and Management of Suicidality (CAMS) reduced suicidal thoughts and behaviors and mental health distress more effectively than treatment as usual (TAU) in a heterogeneous patient population within specialized mental health care services. Methods: In this observer-blinded pragmatic randomized […]

Guided internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy for perfectionism in a non-clinical sample of adolescents: A study protocol for a randomised controlled trial

Perfectionism is elevated across a range of psychopathologies and has been shown to impede treatment outcomes. There is also evidence suggesting elevated perfectionism may contribute to the onset and maintenance of non-suicidal self-injury. There is a growing body of evidence suggesting that Internet-delivered cognitive-behavioural therapy for perfectionism reduces perfectionism and symptoms of psychological disorders and […]

A psychological intervention for suicide applied to non-affective psychosis: The CARMS (Cognitive AppRoaches to coMbatting Suicidality) randomised controlled trial protocol

Background: Suicide is a leading cause of death globally. Suicide deaths are elevated in those experiencing severe mental health problems, including schizophrenia. Psychological talking therapies are a potentially effective means of alleviating suicidal thoughts, plans, and attempts. However, talking therapies need to i) focus on suicidal experiences directly and explicitly, and ii) be based on […]

Protocol for a stepped-wedge, cluster randomized controlled trial of the LifeSpan suicide prevention trial in four communities in New South Wales, Australia

Background: Despite increasing investment in suicide prevention, Australian suicide rates have increased steadily in the past decade. In response to growing evidence for multicomponent intervention models for reducing suicide, the LifeSpan model has been developed as the first multicomponent, evidence-based, system-wide approach to suicide prevention in Australia. The LifeSpan model consists of nine evidence-based strategies. These […]

A brief mobile app reduces nonsuicidal and suicidal self-injury: Evidence from three randomized controlled trials.

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Psychological distress because of asking about suicidal thoughts: A randomized controlled trial among students.

Copy held in CSP Library.

Depression care management for late-life depression in China primary care: Protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

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Psychosocial interventions for suicidal ideation, plans, and attempts: A database of randomized controlled trials.

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Can receipt of a regular postcard reduce suicide-related behaviour in young help seekers? A randomized controlled trial.

Suicide attempt, ideation and deliberate self-harm are common among adolescents. Limited evidence exists regarding interventions that can reduce risk; however, research indicates that maintaining contact with at-risk adults following discharge from services via letter or postcard can reduce risk. The aim of the study was to test a postcard intervention among people aged 15-24 who […]

Restricting the Means of Suicide by Charcoal Burning

File copy includes 6 pages of supplementary data.

Clinical Messages From the Treatment for Adolescents With Depression Study (TADS)

This report summarizes key clinical messages from the Treatment for Adolescents With Depression Study (TADS). Findings revealed that 6 to 9 months of combined fluoxetine plus cognitive-behavioural therapy should be the modal treatment from a public health perspective as well as to maximize benefits & minimize harms for individual patients. Findings also showed that across […]